Smolensk Oblast
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Smolensk Oblast
Smolensk Oblast
? ?
Flag of Smolensk Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Smolensk Oblast
Coat of arms
Anthem: [3]
Map of Russia - Smolensk Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 55°00?N 33°00?E / 55.000°N 33.000°E / 55.000; 33.000Coordinates: 55°00?N 33°00?E / 55.000°N 33.000°E / 55.000; 33.000
CountryRussia
Federal districtCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral[2]
EstablishedSeptember 27, 1937[4]
Administrative centerSmolensk[5]
Government
 o BodyOblast Duma[6]
 o Governor[8]Alexey Ostrovsky[7]
Area
 o Total49,800 km2 (19,200 sq mi)
Area rank53rd
Population
(2010 Census)[10]
 o Total985,537
 o Estimate 
(2018)[11]
949,348 (-3.7%)
 o Rank53rd
 o Density20/km2 (51/sq mi)
 o Urban
72.7%
 o Rural
27.3%
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[12])
ISO 3166 codeRU-SMO
License plates67
OKTMO ID66000000
Official languagesRussian[13]
Websitehttp://admin-smolensk.ru/

Smolensk Oblast (Russian: , Smolenskaya oblast; informal name -- Smolenschina (Russian: )[14] is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative centre is the city of Smolensk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 985,537.[10]

Geography

Roslavlsky old tract, the village of Boreshino

The oblast was founded on 27 September 1937.[4] It borders Pskov Oblast in the north, Tver Oblast in the northeast, Moscow Oblast in the east, Kaluga Oblast in south, Bryansk Oblast in the southwest, and Mogilev and Vitebsk Oblasts of Belarus, in the west and northwest, as part of the Belarus-Russia border.

Hydrography

The main river of the region is the Dnieper River and its tributaries, Desna, Vop, Vyazma. By the rivers of the Volga basin and its tributary Vazuza Gzhat and tributary of the Oka river, Ugra. To the north-west flows a short section of the Western Dvina River and its tributary river Kasplya .

Among the major reservoirs supplying water are Moscow Vazuzssky Yauza and reservoirs in the north-east, as well as cooling power plants, Smolensk reservoir in the north near the village of Lake and Desnogorsk Reservoir in the south area of the city near the Desnogorsk .

Climate

The climate of Smolensk Oblast is humid continental, similar to the climate of Moscow Oblast, but slightly warmer in winter due to being located further west. Summers are short, warm and rainy, while winters are long, cold and snowy. Average temperatures range from -9 °C (16 °F) in January to 17 °C (63 °F) in July (although in the south it ranges from -8 °C (18 °F) in January to 18 °C (64 °F) in July). Annual precipitation varies from 630 to 730 millimeters per year.

Politics

Building of the Oblast Administration

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Smolensk CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Smolensk Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Smolensk is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Administrative divisions

Administrative divisions of Smolensk Oblast

Smolensk Oblast is divided into 25 districts (raions) and 2 cities, which are further divided into 15 towns, 12 urban-type settlements, and 302 rural okrugs.

Demographics

Population: ;[10];[15].[16]

2012
  • Births: 10 289 (10.5 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 16 318 (16.7 per 1000) [17]
  • Total fertility rate:[18]

2009 - 1.40 | 2010 - 1.38 | 2011 - 1.40 | 2012 - 1.43 | 2013 - 1.48 | 2014 - 1.53 | 2015 - 1.52 | 2016 - 1.52(e)

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of the oblast was as follows:[10]

  • Russians: 94.6%
  • Ukrainians: 1.3%
  • Belarusians: 1.3%
  • Armenians: 0.5%
  • Others: 2.3%
  • 41,457 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[19]

Religion

Religion in Smolensk Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[20][21]
Russian Orthodoxy
29%
Other Orthodox
1.9%
Old Believers
1.5%
Roman Catholic
0.6%
Protestantism
0.5%
Other Christians
6.6%
Spiritual but not religious
36.9%
Atheism and irreligion
14%
Other and undeclared
9%

According to a 2012 survey[20] 19.5% of the population of Smolensk Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 7% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 3% are Orthodox Christian believers who do not belong to church or belong to other (non-Russian) Orthodox churches, 2% are Old Believers, 1% are adherents of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery) movement, 0.4% are members of the Catholic Church. In addition, 45% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 13% is atheist, and 9.1% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[20]

Notable people

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ ? . ? No849  13 2000 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ». ? ? ? 13 2000 ?. : " ? ", No. 20, . 2112, 15 2000 ?. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ ? . No 024-95 27 ? 1995 ?. « ? ? . 2. ? », ? . No5/2001 ?. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Article 14 of the Charter of Smolensk Oblast states that the symbols of the oblast include a flag and a coat of arms, but not an anthem.
  4. ^ a b ? ? . ? ?. "- ? ? ?. ?", . "? ?", 1981. . 8
  5. ^ Charter of Smolensk Oblast, Article 17
  6. ^ Charter of Smolensk Oblast, Article 23
  7. ^ Official website of Smolensk Oblast. Members of the Administration of Smolensk Oblast (in Russian)
  8. ^ Charter of Smolensk Oblast, Article 33
  9. ^ ? (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "?, ?, ? ? ? ? ? (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". ? 2002 ? (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  11. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  14. ^ ? ? - ? ? ?. , - ? ?. ru.esosedi.org (in Russian). Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  16. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  17. ^ " ? ? ? ". www.gks.ru.
  18. ^ "? ?:: ?". www.gks.ru.
  19. ^ "-2010". www.perepis-2010.ru.
  20. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  21. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", No 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources

  • ? ?.   No37-?  15 2001 ?. « ? ?», ? . ? No162-?  26 2015 ?. «? ? ? ?». ? ? ?  ?. : "? ?", No116-117, 24 2001 ?. (Smolensk Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #37-z of May 15, 2001 Charter of Smolensk Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #162-z of November 26, 2015 On the Amendment to the Charter of Smolensk Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links


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