Skellefte%C3%A5
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Skellefte%C3%A5
Skellefteå
Skellefteå in images
Skellefteå in images
Coat of arms of Skellefteå
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Schtaan, Guldstaden (Goldtown), Skellhell[1]
Skellefteå is located in Västerbotten
Skellefteå
Skellefteå
Skellefteå is located in Sweden
Skellefteå
Skellefteå
Coordinates: 64°45?N 20°57?E / 64.750°N 20.950°E / 64.750; 20.950Coordinates: 64°45?N 20°57?E / 64.750°N 20.950°E / 64.750; 20.950
CountrySweden
ProvinceVästerbotten
CountyVästerbotten County
MunicipalitySkellefteå Municipality
Area
 o City21.74 km2 (8.39 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2010)[2]
 o City32,775
 o Density1,507/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 o Urban
72 025
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+46 0910

Skellefteå (Swedish: [¹l?ft], locally [¹l?ft?] ) is a city and the seat of Skellefteå Municipality in Västerbotten County, Sweden, with 32,775 inhabitants in 2010.[2] The municipality had approximately 72,000 inhabitants at the end of 2013.[2]

The city is a historically industrial city with mining being a large industry, especially for gold - hence the nickname "Gold Town". Politically it is a Social Democratic stronghold. The city is a well-known ice hockey town, with its main team Skellefteå AIK playing in the Swedish top division: the SHL, which they have won on several occasions.

The city was incorporated in 1845 and grew to its current population size mostly in the 1950s and 1960s, growing only slowly since. It is the second largest city in Västerbotten after Umeå and is located roughly halfway between it and Luleå. The Skellefte River passes through the city and it is located around 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the Bothnian Bay open sea. Skellefteå is served by Skellefteå Airport, abbreviated as SKF locally known as Falmark because of the village nearby, also around 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre to the south.

History

The name Skellefteå is recorded to having been spelled as Skelepht in 1327.[] On Carta marina the name is spelt Skellitta. The origin of the name remains unknown, but is assumed to be of Sami origin.

From the 14th century on, attempts were made to christianize Skellefteå. A parish was formed and a church built. However, - for the most part - the entire large Northern Swedish territory of Norrland was not christianized until several hundred years after the rest of Sweden, and many northern areas such as Skellefteå remained unexplored well past the Middle Ages.

Not before the very end of the 17th century did the indigenous Sami people of Northern Sweden begin turning to Christianity, much due to the efforts by the Northern Swedish superintendent Mathias Steuchius, who worked hard to accomplish this. Several Sami priests were killed for this reason.

Eventually, the reason for the sudden awakened interest towards Skellefteälven and the surrounding areas were the great northern fishing grounds of salmon. The increased demand for fish was sparked by a stricter enforcement of the annual month-long fasting by the Catholic Church, whereby meat was substituted by fish.[]

The actual city of Skellefteå is one of the youngest cities of Norrland. It was founded in 1845 by the vicar Nils Nordlander.

Today

In the 20th century, Skellefteå evolved to an industrial and mining city and many wooden houses were demolished to make room for brick buildings.[] Skellefteå is now trying to become a leading city in education with the construction of Floraskolan, a school that mostly focuses on entrepreneurial learning.[3]

It will become the home of a massive battery plant made by Northvolt by circa 2023.[4]

The largest private employer in Skellefteå is the mining company Boliden AB, with about 1,200 employees. The mine's copper ore contains particles of gold, silver and platinum. Skellefteå is still referred to as the "Goldtown".[by whom?]

During the 1990s, the computer industry flourished, subsidiaries of Ericsson and Tieto Enator becoming important employers.

Industry

Sports

Notable natives

People

Sportspeople

Other

Artists

Climate

Skellefteå has subarctic climate that is borderline continental with mild summers and cold and snowy winters. The climate is somewhat moderated by the Bothnia Bay, although marine effects are limited, ensuring very mild summer temperatures for a coastal area so far north. The surrounding municipality has an all-time high of 33.9 °C (93.0 °F)[8] during the 2014 Swedish heat wave, which is very hot given the latitude and proximity to a major body of water. Although summer highs traditionally averaged just below 20 °C (68 °F) it has been warmer in recent decades.

Climate data for Skellefteå, Sweden
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) -5
(23)
-5
(23)
0
(32)
6
(43)
13
(55)
18
(64)
21
(70)
19
(66)
13
(55)
6
(43)
0
(32)
-2
(28)
7
(45)
Average low °C (°F) -13
(9)
-13
(9)
-8
(18)
-2
(28)
3
(37)
8
(46)
11
(52)
10
(50)
6
(43)
1
(34)
-5
(23)
-9
(16)
-1
(30)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42
(1.7)
33
(1.3)
32
(1.3)
32
(1.3)
35
(1.4)
40
(1.6)
57
(2.2)
71
(2.8)
65
(2.6)
55
(2.2)
61
(2.4)
48
(1.9)
571
(22.7)
Average precipitation days 18 14 13 11 11 11 12 14 15 15 17 17 168
Source #1: [9]
Source #2: [10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Skellhell inte så illa som du tror". March 2011. Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ Kommun, Skellefteå (2019-10-02). "Presentation av Floraskolan och Florahallen". www.skelleftea.se (in Swedish). Retrieved .
  4. ^ plats, Skellefteå se-Ge idéerna (2018-01-30). "Etablering av batterifabrik". portal.skelleftea.se (in Swedish). Retrieved .
  5. ^ Mark Crowther. "The Week In Chess 233". London Chess Center. Retrieved .
  6. ^ suentus po 147. "Skelleftea World Cup 1989". chessgames.com. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Invalidname. "Chess (musical)". en.wikipedia.org. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Månadens väder Juli 2014" (in Swedish). SMHI. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ (in English) "Institute of Meteorology and Water Management". www.worldclimateguide.co.uk.
  10. ^ "SMHI Climate Data 2002-2015 (based on temperature averages for Piteå and Bjuröklubb and SMHI temperature map 1961-1990)". SMHI. |date=April 2016

External links

Media related to Skellefteå at Wikimedia Commons


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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