Sir Henry Craik, 1st Baronet
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Sir Henry Craik, 1st Baronet

Sir Henry Craik.jpg

Sir Henry Craik, 1st Baronet, (18 October 1846 - 16 March 1927)[1] was a Scottish Unionist politician.

He was appointed as a junior examiner of the Committee of Council on Education in 1871 and promoted, in 1878, to the position of Senior examiner until 1885. In this year Scotland got an independent Committee of Council on Education known as the Scotch Education Department. Craik was appointed as its Secretary. A post he held from 1885 to 1904.[2] In October 1901 he received a degree in law (LL.D.) from the University of St Andrews.[3]

He was an elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Glasgow and Aberdeen Universities from 1906 to 1918,[1] and for the Combined Scottish Universities[4] from 1918 until his death in 1927.

He was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1888,[5] and promoted to Knight Commander (KCB) in 1897.[6][7] He was made a Privy Councillor in 1918, and in the New Year Honours List 1926, he was made a baronet, of Kennoway, in the County of Fife.[2][8]


Craik was born on 18 October 1846 in Glasgow.[9] Son of the Rev. James Craik, D.D., a prominent clergyman and Moderator of the Church of Scotland. He married on 17 December 1873 to Fanny Esther Duffield, daughter of Charles Duffield. They had two children: George Lillie (1874-1929) and Henry Duffield (1876-1955).[10] George succeeded his father in the baronetcy, he died two years later. He was succeeded by his brother Henry, who was Governor of the Punjab from 1938 to 1941.[11]


  1. ^ a b Historical list of MPs: G (part 2)
  2. ^ a b Supplement to the London Gazette Issue 33119 published on 29 December 1925. Page 2 of 12]
  3. ^ "University intelligence". The Times (36595). London. 25 October 1901. p. 5.
  4. ^ Historical list of MPs: S (part 2)
  5. ^ Gazette Issue 25773 published on 5 January 1888. Page 123 of 140
  6. ^ Supplement to the London Gazette Issue 26867 published on 25 June 1897. Page 2 of 6
  7. ^ London Gazette Issue 26947 published on 14 March 1898. Page 107 of 150
  8. ^ London Gazette Issue 33131 published on 9 February 1926. Page 4 of 82
  9. ^ "Craik, Sir Henry, first baronet (1846-1927)". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32615.
  10. ^ Sir Henry Craik, 1st Bt.
  11. ^ List of Baronets: C (part 5)

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Alexander Campbell
Member of Parliament for Glasgow and Aberdeen Universities
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for the
With: Sir William Cheyne, 1918-1922
Dugald Cowan, 1918-1934
George Berry, 1922-1931
Succeeded by
Dugald Cowan and
George Berry and
John Buchan
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Goulding
Oldest Member of Parliament
Succeeded by
Sir James Agg-Gardner
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Kennoway)
Succeeded by
George Lillie Craik

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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