Siponimod
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Siponimod

Siponimod
Siponimod.svg
Clinical data
Trade namesMayzent[1]
Other namesBAF-312
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
MedlinePlusa619027
License data
Routes of
administration
By mouth
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
PubChem SID
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC29H35F3N2O3
Molar mass516.26 g/mol g·mol-1
3D model (JSmol)

Siponimod, marketed under the trade name Mayzent, is a selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulator for oral use that is used for multiple sclerosis (MS). It is intended for once-daily oral administration.[2]

In March 2019, it was approved in the United States to treat adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease, and active secondary progressive disease.[1]

Medical uses

Siponimod was studied for the treatment of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), which is the progressive neurological decline of multiple sclerosis that happens independent of acute relapses.[1] In active SPMS, siponimod decreases the risk of disability and MS relapses.[1]

Adverse effects

In clinical trials of siponimod, the most common adverse effects were headache, high blood pressure, and liver function test abnormalities.[1]

Pharmacology

Mechanism of action

Siponimod binds selectively to some of the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor forms--including sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1--found on lymphocytes and other cell types.[medical ]

This binding inhibits the migration of the lymphocytes to the location of the inflammation (e.g. in MS).[medical ]

Siponimod may be very similar to fingolimod but preventing lymphopenia, one of its main side effects, by preventing egress of lymphocytes from lymph nodes. Siponimod may be more selective in the particular sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors (five in number) that it modulates.[3] It is selective for the -1 and -5 SIP receptors.[2][dead link]

History

In March 2019, siponimod was approved in the United States to treat adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease, and active secondary progressive disease.[1][4]

The efficacy of siponimod was shown in a clinical trial (Trial 1/NCT01665144) of 1,651 patients that compared siponimod to placebo in people with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) who had evidence of disability progression in the prior two years and no relapses in the three months prior to enrollment.[1][4] The primary endpoint of the study was the time to three-month confirmed progression in disability.[1] The trial was conducted at 294 centers in Asia, Australia, Canada, Europe, South America, and the United States.[4]

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval of Mayzent to Novartis.[1][4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "FDA approves new oral drug to treat multiple sclerosis". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 26 March 2019. Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 2019.This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b "Siponimod (BAF312) for the Treatment of Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis: Design of the Phase 3 EXPAND Trial (P07.126)". Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ WO 2008000419, Hiestand, Peter C; Schnell, Christian, "S1P Receptor modulators for treating multiple sclerosis", assigned to Novartis [non-primary source needed]
  4. ^ a b c d "Drug Trials Snapshots: Mayzent". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 19 April 2019. Archived from the original on 28 September 2019. Retrieved 2019.This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Siponimod
 



 



 
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