|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||516.26 g/mol g·mol-1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Siponimod, marketed under the trade name Mayzent, is a selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulator for oral use that is used for multiple sclerosis (MS). It is intended for once-daily oral administration.
In March 2019, it was approved in the United States to treat adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease, and active secondary progressive disease.
Siponimod was studied for the treatment of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), which is the progressive neurological decline of multiple sclerosis that happens independent of acute relapses. In active SPMS, siponimod decreases the risk of disability and MS relapses.
This binding inhibits the migration of the lymphocytes to the location of the inflammation (e.g. in MS).[medical ]
Siponimod may be very similar to fingolimod but preventing lymphopenia, one of its main side effects, by preventing egress of lymphocytes from lymph nodes. Siponimod may be more selective in the particular sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors (five in number) that it modulates. It is selective for the -1 and -5 SIP receptors.[dead link]
In March 2019, siponimod was approved in the United States to treat adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease, and active secondary progressive disease.
The efficacy of siponimod was shown in a clinical trial (Trial 1/NCT01665144) of 1,651 patients that compared siponimod to placebo in people with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) who had evidence of disability progression in the prior two years and no relapses in the three months prior to enrollment. The primary endpoint of the study was the time to three-month confirmed progression in disability. The trial was conducted at 294 centers in Asia, Australia, Canada, Europe, South America, and the United States.