|Preferred IUPAC name
|Systematic IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Appearance||gray or white solid|
|Melting point||120 °C (248 °F; 393 K)|
|Main hazards||High Explosive, Toxic|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|Flash point||77 °C (171 °F; 350 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Silver acetylide is an inorganic chemical compound with the formula Ag2C2, a metal acetylide. The compound can be regarded as a salt of the weak acid, acetylene. The salt's anion consists of two carbon atoms linked by a triple bond. The alternate name "silver carbide" is rarely used, although the analogous calcium compound CaC2 is called calcium carbide. Silver acetylide is a high explosive.
The double salt is formed in acidic or neutral silver nitrate solutions. Performing the synthesis in basic ammonia solution does not allow the double salt to form, producing pure silver acetylide. To properly form the double salt, acetylene gas is passed through dilute silver nitrate and nitric acid solution. Instead of the conventional synthesis of passing acetylene gas through silver nitrate solution, an amateur chemist by the username fdnjj6 discovered that a purer and whiter precipitate can be formed by passing acetylene gas through acetone and adding the acetylene solution drop-wise to a dilute silver nitrate and nitric acid solution. The reaction was performed at ambient room temperature.
Silver acetylide can be formed on the surface of silver or high-silver alloys, e.g. in pipes used for transport of acetylene, if silver brazing was used in their joints.
Pure silver acetylide is a heat- and shock-sensitive high explosive. For a long time, it was assumed to have the unusual property that on ignition it does not evolve any gas, only decomposing through the reaction:
However, it has been shown that some gaseous products do form, containing water, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and methane.
Silver acetylide is not soluble in water and is not appreciably soluble in any other solvent.