Silver Lake is a residential and commercial neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California, United States. Originally named Ivanhoe in the 1900s by a resident from Scotland, it was built around what was then a city reservoir which gives the district its name. The "Silver" in Silver Lake is not because of the water's color, but named for a local politician who helped create the reservoir. The area is known for its restaurants and hipster hangouts, and many notable people have made their homes there. The neighborhood has several public and private schools.
Silver Lake is flanked on the northeast by Atwater Village and Elysian Valley, on the southeast by Echo Park, on the southwest by Westlake, on the west by East Hollywood and on the northwest by Los Feliz.
Street and other boundaries are: the Los Angeles River between Glendale Boulevard and Fletcher Drive and Riverside Drive on the northeast, the Glendale Freeway on the east, Effie Street, Coronado Street, Berkeley Avenue and Fletcher Drive on the southeast, the Hollywood Freeway on the south, Virgil Avenue on the west and Fountain Avenue and Hyperion Avenue on the northwest. The prime real estate around the lake is known by realtors as the "Moreno Highlands."
The Silver Lake neighborhood council has mapped the boundaries of its council region.
During the 1930s, Walt Disney built his first large studio in Silver Lake at the corner of Griffith Park Boulevard and Hyperion Avenue, currently the site of Gelson's Market. As consequence, the name "Hyperion" is used by Walt Disney Company, with company entities carrying the name, such as Hyperion Books and the Hyperion Theater at Disney California Adventure Park.
Several blocks away on Glendale Boulevard was the studio of early Western films' star Tom Mix. The location is now occupied by the Mixville Shopping Center. It is rumored that Mix buried his steed "Tony, the Wonder Horse" on the property. The neighborhood is crisscrossed by numerous municipal staircases that provide pedestrian access up and down the neighborhood's signature hills. Among these are the Descanso Stairs, Redcliffe Stairs and the Music Box Stairs. The famous flight of stairs in Laurel and Hardy's film The Music Box are located between lower Descanso Drive and Vendome Street, as it winds up and around the hill.
In the 1950s and 60s Silver Lake, like Echo Park, was home to a middle class Latino community. The community was formed by people who worked in the then-bustling manufacturing hub of downtown Los Angeles. In the 1970s, outsourcing brought to an end the group's prosperity, as they saw their jobs shipped overseas to Taiwan and China along with manufacturing. The neighborhood lost its prominence amid urban decay.
Beginning in the 1970s, the neighborhood became the nexus of Los Angeles' gay leather subculture, the equivalent of the SoMA neighborhood in San Francisco. Since the late 1990s, gentrification has changed the area by pushing out public sex and "gay cruising", and by facilitating the opening of many independent upscale boutiques, coffee shops, fitness studios, and restaurants.
Looking west across the lower reservoir
The neighborhood was named for Water Board Commissioner Herman Silver, who was instrumental in the creation of the Silver Lake Reservoir in the neighborhood, one of the water storage reservoirs established in the early 1900s. This is one of ten that still remain in Los Angeles.
In the community of Silver Lake lies the namesake reservoir composed of two basins, with the lower named Silver Lake and the upper named Ivanhoe. The lower body of water was named in 1906 for Herman Silver; the upper body received its name from the 1819 Sir Walter Scott novel Ivanhoe.
The reservoirs are owned and maintained by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (DWP), and could provide water to 600,000 homes in downtown and South Los Angeles; however, only the smaller of the two, Ivanhoe, remains online. At capacity, they hold 795 million gallons of water. The Silver Lake Reservoir's water resources will be replaced by the Headworks Reservoir, an underground reservoir north of Griffith Park, slated for completion by December 2017.
Also within the grounds of the reservoir are several popular recreational facilities: the Silver Lake Recreation Center, which includes an adjacent city park; the Silver Lake Walking Path, which circumnavigates the reservoirs (2.25 miles); and the Silver Lake Meadow, modeled after NYC's Central Park Sheep Meadow. On the northeast corner of the property is the Neighborhood Nursery School, which since 1976 has been at the corner of Tesla Avenue and Silver Lake Boulevard. It is a parent-participation cooperative preschool, affiliated with the California Council of Parent Participation Nursery Schools.
As of 2015, Silver Lake is represented by Los Angeles City Council Members Mitch O'Farrell and David Ryu and the Silver Lake Neighborhood Council. The Silver Lake Neighborhood Council (SLNC) was formed in the early 2000s and certified as part of the City of Los Angeles Neighborhood Council system in February 2003. Its 21-member governing board is elected for two-year terms in September. Recent projects have included "Street Medallions" created by artist Cheri Gaulke, "ArtCans", the "Electrical Art Box Project", and the second annual "Make Music LA" created by several different artists, groups, and the SLNC Arts & Culture Committee, whose current co-chairs are Renee Dawson and Jenifer Palmer Lacy.
The Silver Lake Residents Association, the Silver Lake Improvement Association, the Silver Lake Reservoirs Conservancy, and the Silver Lake Chamber of Commerce are all active in the area.
The 2000 U.S. census counted 30,972 residents in the 2.75 square miles (7.1 km2) neighborhood--an average of 11,266 people per square mile, about the same population density as in the rest of the city but among the highest in the county. In 2008 the city estimated that the population had increased to 32,890. The median age for residents was 35, about average for Los Angeles, but the percentages of residents aged 19 to 49 were among the county's highest.
The neighborhood was highly diverse ethnically. The breakdown was Latinos, 41.8%; whites, 34%; Asians and Asian Americans, 18%; blacks, 3.2%; and others, 3.1%. Mexico (26.6%) and the Philippines (15.7%) were the most common places of birth for the 41% of the residents who were born abroad, about the same rate as the city at large.
The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $54,339, about the same as the rest of Los Angeles, but a high rate of households earned $20,000 or less per year. The average household size of 2.3 people was low for the city. Renters occupied 64.3% of the housing stock, and house or apartment owners the rest.
The percentages of never-married men (52.6%) and women (38.6%) were among the county's highest. Both statistics are likely due to the large numbers of LGBT members of the community and the large numbers of young hipsters.
In the 1930s Silver Lake and Echo Park still comprised Edendale, and acted as a space where members of the LGBT community were able to express their identities. Prominent female impersonator Julian Eltinge built his house in Silver Lake and performed until the city passed laws criminalizing cross-dressing, after which he continued to recount his drag performances to audiences.
Silver Lake was also home to Harry Hay, credited with founding the first gay organization, the Mattachine Society, which began as Bachelors Anonymous. Hay lived and had meetings in Silver Lake at the time the group began in 1950. Kevin Roderick wrote in his eulogy for Hay in Los Angeles that many consider the house located near Silver Lake to be the birthplace of the gay-rights movement.
The Black Cat Tavern, a fairly popular bar that has now become a historic-cultural monument, was the site of a brutal police raid in 1967 that spread to adjacent bars, becoming a full-blown riot and resulting in more than a dozen arrests. The protests in response to the raid predated the Stonewall riots by two years.
Los Globos is another popular bar that has become the site of Banjee Balls where the LGBT youth come together.Voguing is a large part of the balls and brings a Paris Is Burning vibe into Los Angeles night life. The building was originally one of the earliest American Legion halls.
As the AIDS epidemic gripped the USA in the 1980s tensions between gay men and the LAPD escalated. Several LGBT activists in Silver Lake claimed they felt unsafe reporting hate crimes against them to the police, whom they felt harbored anti-LGBT sentiments. Their complaints grew to the point that then-City Council member Michael Woo advocated to establish a hotline to relay information to police indirectly and compile statistics on the frequency of gay-bashings. Some bath houses, which acted as social spaces for gay men, were shut down by the city government in an effort to curb the spread of the virus. The ensuing controversy reflected a nationwide debate about whether this type of action constituted public health policy or perpetuation of discrimination against the LGBT community.
In 1992 about 85 activists protested gay-bashing and violent acts against homosexuals in the area, carrying banners emblazoned with "Stop the Violence" along Sunset Boulevard.
36% of the neighborhood residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year college degree by 2000, an average figure for the city.
The schools within Silver Lake are as follows:
- Allesandro Elementary School, public K-5, 2210 Riverside Drive
- ASA Silver Lake School, private K-10, 2772 Rowena Avenue
- Bellevue Primary School, public K-1, 610 North Micheltorena Street
- Clifford Street Elementary School, public K-5, 2150 Duane Street
- Ivanhoe Elementary School, public K-5, 2828 Herkimer Street
- Kids' World School, private K-12, 2132 Hyperion Avenue
- Micheltorena Street Elementary School, public K-6, 1511 Micheltorena Street
- St. Francis of Assisi Elementary School, parochial K-8, 1550 Maltman Avenue
- St. Teresa of Avila Elementary School, parochial K-8, 2215 Fargo Street
- Thomas Starr King Middle School, public 6-8, 4201 Fountain Avenue
The Silver Lake District is also served by the Silver Lake Branch of the Los Angeles Public Library. It is located at 2411 Glendale Boulevard, in northeastern Silver Lake between the reservoir and the I-5 freeway.
Entertainment and night life
Silver Lake, known as one of "the city's hippest neighborhoods", has many bars, nightclubs and restaurants. Since the 1990s, the neighborhood has become the center of the alternative and indie rock scene in Los Angeles. It was home to two major yearly street festivals: the Silver Lake Jubilee, held in May and the Sunset Junction Street Fair, held in August. The last Sunset Junction festival was held in 2010 and abruptly cancelled in 2011 just days before it was supposed to take place, after years of neighborhood controversy. The Silver Lake Jubilee, the more recent addition, featured live music by local musicians, local artists and community businesses. It moved out of the neighborhood to private grounds near the Los Angeles River and changed its name as of 2013.
Since the indie rock music scene is particularly prominent in this neighborhood, comparisons are often drawn between Silver Lake and New York City's Williamsburg district. As a result, it is sometimes referred to as the "Williamsburg of the West".
Film and television
In addition to being the site of early Western films' star Tom Mix's studio on Glendale Boulevard, Silver Lake has been used as the film location for several films and television shows.
- Fred Armisen, actor
- Skylar Astin, actor/singer
- David Michael Barrett, screenwriter/producer
- Anna Belknap, actor
- Amir Blumenfeld, comedian
- Eddie Cahill, actor
- Joey Castillo, musician/drummer
- Sal Castro, educator/activist
- Rob Corddry, comedian
- Ernest E. Debs, Los Angeles politician
- Mac DeMarco, musician
- Lisa Edelstein, actor
- Jack Falahee, actor
- James Franco, actor
- Judy Garland, actor
- Mike Gatto, politician
- Dylan Gelula, actor
- Joseph Gordon-Levitt, actor
- Ryan Gosling, actor
- Kevin Griffin, musician
- Christopher Guanlao, musician
- Hannah Hart, internet personality
- The Haxan Cloak (real name Bobby Krlic), musician
- Harry Hay, gay-rights activist
- Grace Helbig, internet personality, comedian
- Sandrine Holt, actor
- James Eads How, hobo organizer
- Jenny Lewis, actor/singer-songwriter
- Janet MacLachlan, actor
- Laura Marling, musician
- Rachel McAdams, actor
- Tom Mix, actor
- Johnette Napolitano, singer
- Richard Neutra, architect
- Anaïs Nin, author
- William H. Parker, Los Angeles police chief
- Cassandra Peterson, actor
- Maria Rasputin, memoirist
- Christina Ricci, actor
- Rob Schnapf, producer
- Pauly Shore, actor
- Randy Sklar, actor/comedian
- Jill Soloway, TV and film writer and director
- Butch Vig, musician and record producer
- Gerard Way, musician and comic book artist
- Constance Wu, actor
- Benjamin Wynn, composer and music producer
- Rob Zabrecky, performer
- ^ a b "About the Silver Lake Community". Silver Lake.org. Retrieved 2016.
He named the area after a famous Scottish novel Ivanhoe, by Sir Walter Scott.
- ^ "Central L.A.". Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- ^ Thomas Guide: Los Angeles County, p. 594. Irvine, California: Thomas Bros. Maps, 2004.
- ^ "Silver Lake, Los Angeles, CA". Google Maps. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- ^ a b c d e f "Silver Lake". Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- ^ "Silver Lake NC Map -- Boundaries and Regions". Silver Lake Neighborhood Council. Archived from the original on November 15, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
- ^ a b c d "Silver Lake". Just Off Mulholland. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ Townsend, Larry. The Leatherman's Handbook. New York: Other Traveller, 1972.
- ^ Boxall, Bettina (August 27, 1997). "Neighbors Tackle Gay Cruising". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ de Turenne, Veronique (March 13, 2008). "Silver Lake goes dry". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 28, 2010.
- ^ Rob (June 16, 2009). "13 Facts About The Silver Lake Reservoir". Take Sunset. Retrieved January 28, 2010.
- ^ "LADWP Begins Refilling the Silver Lake Reservoir". (May 7, 2008). Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. Retrieved January 28, 2010.
- ^ "Headworks Reservoir - Silver Lake Reservoir Complex Storage Replacement". (March 2, 2012). Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. Archived from the original on March 1, 2014. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
- ^ "The Neighborhood Nursery School". Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- ^ "Parent Involvement in Child's Education". California Council of Parent Participation Nursery Schools. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- ^ "City of Los Angeles Council Directory". Retrieved August 5, 2017.
- ^ "Silver Lake Neighborhood Council". Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- ^ amyclarke (June 28, 2013). "Make Music LA: Sunset Triangle Plaza Acoustic Concert, Silver Lake". Gaia Grove. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- ^ "SLNC Arts & Culture Committee". Silver Lake Neighborhood Council. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
- ^ "Welcome to Silver Lake". Retrieved August 1, 2008.
- ^ "Silver Lake Improvement Association". Retrieved April 22, 2011.
- ^ "Silver Lake Reservoirs Conservancy". Retrieved April 22, 2011.
- ^ "Silver Lake Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved April 22, 2011.
- ^ Hurewitz, Daniel (2007). Bohemian Los Angeles and the Making of Modern Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- ^ Roderick, Kevin (January 2003). "Epitaph: Harry Hay". Los Angeles. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- ^ Barragan, Bianca (April 2, 2014). "Mapping Los Angeles's Groundbreaking Role in LGBT History". Curbed LA. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ "Banjee Ball at Los Globos". BanjeeBall.com. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
- ^ "Los Globos". LA Weekly. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
- ^ Gordon, Larry (April 23, 1987). "Hot Line Proposed for 'Gay-Bashing' Reports". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ Rivera, Carla (August 31, 1988). "Bathhouse for Gays Closed Over AIDS Risk". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ Kazmin, Amy Louise (November 14, 1992). "Marchers Rally Against Rash of Gay-Bashing Incidents in Silver Lake". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016.
- ^ "Silver Lake Schools". Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- ^ "Los Angeles Schools". GreatSchools.org. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- ^ "Silver Lake Branch Map". Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- ^ Khouri, Andrew (July 13, 2013). "In urban L.A., developers are building trendy homes on tiny lots". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
- ^ "Silver Lake Jubilee". Retrieved April 22, 2011.
- ^ Perpetua, Matthew (August 24, 2011). "Sunset Junction Festival Officially Canceled". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- ^ Lewis, Randy; Wappler, Margaret (August 26, 2011). "Junction's spirit lost in growth". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 5, 2017.
- ^ Staff (March 1, 2013). "Music Festival Coming to Arts District". Los Angeles Downtown News. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- ^ JT (May 31, 2011). "Silver Lake California and Williamsburg Brooklyn: Two ends of a secret hipster worm-hole?". Flying North. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- ^ Broverman, Neal (October 8, 2009). "Dubious Claims? Silver Lake is the New Williamsburg". Curbed LA. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- ^ Riggs, Erika (February 13, 2014). "Sorry, Portland: Fred Armisen Opts for Hip LA Neighborhood". AOL. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ Cuttler, Andrea (March 1, 2013). "Skylar Astin on 21 and Over, Pitch Perfect, and Rites of Passage Like Girls and Turning 21". Vanity Fair. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- ^ Staff (February 26, 2006). "Hats off to India". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
- ^ "2455 Ivanhoe Drive, Los Angeles - Silver Lake, CA 90039". BlockShopper. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- ^ Staff (July 16, 2009). "CSI: NY Star Eddie Cahill Marries Nikki Uberti". Celebrity Bride Guide. Archived from the original on March 12, 2012. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- ^ Staff (November 13, 2007). "Break It Down: Joey Castillo of Queens of the Stone Age". Artist Direct. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- ^ Woo, Elaine (April 15, 2013). "Sal Castro dies at 79; L.A. teacher played role in 1968 protests". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- ^ Pressler, Jessica (June 17, 2015). "Rob Corddry Knows You Might Think He's a Jerk". Vulture.com. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- ^ "Location of the Debs' residence". Mapping L.A. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- ^ "Ernest E. Debs reference file". Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- ^ Goodhue, Norma H. (January 27, 1958). "Mrs. Debs Leads Dynamic Life of Service, Interests". Los Angeles Times, p. A-3.
- ^ Coscarelli, Joe (April 27, 2017). "How Mac DeMarco Became the Lovable Laid-Back Prince of Indie Rock". The New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- ^ Dulin, Dann (May 2006). "House Call", A&U Magazine. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2009.
- ^ Izon, Juliet (October 7, 2015). "Jack Falahee Talks About Playing a Gay Character in How to Get Away with Murder". Los Angeles Confidential. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
- ^ Leitereg, Neal J. (November 16, 2017). "James Franco cleans up in sale of his Spanish duplex in Silver Lake". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- ^ Schechter, Scott (2006). Judy Garland: The Day-by-Day Chronicle of a Legend, pg 27. Taylor Trade Publishing, Lanham, Maryland. ISBN 0-8154-1205-3. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- ^ "Full Biography for Mike Gatto". SmartVoter.org. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- ^ "Dylan Gelula Ventures, LLC". Bizapedia.com. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- ^ Shatkin, Elina (October 1, 2012). "Joseph Gordon-Levitt". Los Angeles. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- ^ a b c "History of Silver Lake". Westmoreland Lofts. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
- ^ Montoya, Maria C. (May 28, 2009). "Better Than Ezra frontman Kevin Griffin's move colors new 'Paper Empire'". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved June 19, 2009.
- ^ Staff (September 28, 2006). "The Watson Twins display their Southern Manners". FasterLouder.com.au. Archived from the original on October 26, 2014. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- ^ Sproul, Suzanne (May 8, 2013). "Burbank's My Drunk Kitchen host cooks up national tour". Whittier Daily News. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
- ^ The Haxan Cloak (September 23, 2016). "New studio coming along slowly... @ Silverlake, La". Twitter. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- ^ Timmons, Stuart (October 25, 2002). "Harry Hay Paved the Way for Modern Gay Activism". CounterPunch. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- ^ Zinoman, Jason (November 15, 2014). "Grace Helbig's Digital Path to Fame". The New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- ^ Wrobel, Maggie (November 15, 2013). "Model-turned-actress Sandrine Holt on her off-screen style - and why she's trying to escape Christmas". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- ^ McKee, Bradford (August 10, 2001). "The Architecture of R.M. Schindler". Washington City Paper. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- ^ Saroyan, Strawberry, August 23, 2007. "Rilo Kiley: Solid Gold". Spin. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- ^ Staff (October 17, 2010). "Passings: Simon MacCorkindale, Janet MacLachlan". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
- ^ Lamont, Tom (April 27, 2013). "Laura Marling: 'Americans - they're just a lot more poetic'". The Observer. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- ^ "Silver Lake Architecture". The Silver Lake News. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2014
- ^ Cromelin, Richard (February 24, 1994). "Q&A with Johnette Napolitano: 'We've Done What We Set Out to Do'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010.
- ^ "Neutra VDL Studio and Residences". Neutra VDL. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
- ^ Valerie (January 18, 2011). "Anaïs Nin's Silver Lake Home". Take Sunset. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
- ^ Kramer, Alisa Sarah (2007). William H. Parker and the Thin Blue Line: Politics, Public Relations and Policing in Postwar Los Angeles. ProQuest, p. 108. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
- ^ Goldsborough, Bob (February 26, 2009). "'Elvira' - actress Cassandra Peterson - lists a 2,821-square-foot house she owns in the Silver Lake/Echo Park area of Los Angeles for $1.499M - almost $200K less than she paid for it in 2007". Berg Properties. Archived from the original on September 18, 2011. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
- ^ Massie, Robert K. Nicholas and Alexandra. New York: Atheneum, 1967. ISBN 0-440-16358-7
- ^ Shuler, Chris (October 2009). "Rob Schnapf's 'Mant' Invaded By New Pete's Place/A-Designs Modules". Press Release. Retrieved December 30, 2016
- ^ Kaufman, Amy (December 4, 2014). "Once a 'rock star', Pauly Shore rolls with the punch lines these days". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- ^ Ryon, Ruth (January 25, 2004). "A native returns to anchor". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- ^ Looseleaf, Victoria (October 13, 2005). "A few feet away from Six Feet Under days". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
- ^ Ragogna, Mike (June 11, 2013). "Garbage's One Mile High... Live: A Conversation with Butch Vig, Plus an Alexander Kariotis Exclusive". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
- ^ Wood, Mikael (October 14, 2014). "After My Chemical Romance, Gerard Way is learning to let go". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- ^ "constancewu". Instagram. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
- ^ Staff (September 18, 2012). "Eagle Rock and Silver Lake musical duo hit the right note with animated series". TheEastsiderLA.com. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- ^ "Biography for Rob Zabrecky". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved April 1, 2011.