Shizuoka Prefecture
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Shizuoka Prefecture
Shizuoka Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 o Japanese
 o R?majiShizuoka-ken
Flag of Shizuoka Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Shizuoka Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Shizuoka Prefecture
Coordinates: 34°55?N 138°19?E / 34.917°N 138.317°E / 34.917; 138.317Coordinates: 34°55?N 138°19?E / 34.917°N 138.317°E / 34.917; 138.317
CountryJapan
RegionCh?bu (T?kai)
IslandHonshu
CapitalShizuoka
Largest cityHamamatsu
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 35
Government
 o GovernorHeita Kawakatsu
Area
 o Total7,777.42 km2 (3,002.88 sq mi)
Area rank13th
Population
(December 1, 2019)
 o Total3,637,998
 o Rank10th
 o Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-22
Websitewww.pref.shizuoka.jp/a_foreign/english
Symbols
BirdJapanese paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata)
FlowerAzalea (Rhododenron)
TreeSweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus)

Shizuoka Prefecture (, Shizuoka-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Ch?bu region of Honshu.[1] Shizuoka Prefecture has a population of 3,637,998 (1 December 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,777.42 km² (3,002.88 sq mi). Shizuoka Prefecture borders Kanagawa Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the northeast, Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Aichi Prefecture to the west.

Shizuoka is the capital and Hamamatsu is the largest city in Shizuoka Prefecture, with other major cities including Fuji, Numazu, and Iwata.[2] Shizuoka Prefecture is located on Japan's Pacific Ocean coast and features Suruga Bay formed by the Izu Peninsula, and Lake Hamana which is considered to be one of Japan's largest lakes. Mount Fuji, the tallest volcano in Japan and cultural icon of the country, is partially located in Shizuoka Prefecture on the border with Yamanashi Prefecture. Shizuoka Prefecture has a significant motoring heritage as the founding location of Honda, Suzuki, and Yamaha, and is home to the Fuji International Speedway.

View of Mt. Fuji from Fujinomiya

History

Shizuoka Prefecture was established from the former T?t?mi, Suruga and Izu provinces.[3]

The area was the home of the first Tokugawa sh?gun.[]Tokugawa Ieyasu held the region until he conquered the lands of the H?j? clan in the Kant? region and placed land under the stewardship of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. After becoming sh?gun, Tokugawa took the land back for his family and put the area around modern-day Shizuoka city under the direct supervision of the shogunate. With the creation of Shizuoka han in 1868, it once again became the residence of the Tokugawa family.

Geography

Map of Shizuoka Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town

Shizuoka Prefecture is an elongated region following the coast of the Pacific Ocean at the Suruga Bay. In the west, the prefecture extends deep into the Japan Alps. In the east, it becomes a narrower coast bounded in the north by Mount Fuji, until it comes to the Izu Peninsula, a popular resort area pointing south into the Pacific.[]

As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu and Minami Alps National Parks; Tenry?-Okumikawa Quasi-National Park; and four Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Tokai earthquakes

Throughout history, a disastrous earthquake called the Tokai earthquake has hit Shizuoka every 100 to 150 years. On Tuesday, March 15, 2011, Shizuoka Prefecture was hit with a magnitude 6.2 earthquake approximately 42 km (26 mi) NNE of Shizuoka City.

Cities

Shizuoka City
Hamamatsu City
Numazu and Mount Fuji
Fujinomiya
Atami

Twenty-three cities are located in Shizuoka:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

List of governor of Shizuoka (since 1947)

# Name
(Birth-Death)
Term of office Political Party
1 Takeji Kobayashi (?)
(1899-1988)
23 April, 1947 22 April, 1951 Independent
2 Toshio Saito (?)
(1908-1999)
1 May, 1951 8 January, 1967 Liberal Party (1951-1959)
Liberal Democratic Party (1959-1967)
3 Yutaro Takeyama ()
(1901-1982)
31 January, 1967 24 June, 1974 LDP
4 Keizaburo Yamamoto ()
(1913-2006)
10 June, 1974 6 July, 1986 LDP
5 Shigeyoshi Saito ()
(1918-2018)
7 July, 1986 23 June, 1993 LDP
6 Yoshinobu Ishikawa (?)
(born in 1940)
3 August, 1993 17 June, 2009 Independent
7 Heita Kawakatsu (?)
(born in 1948)
7 July, 2009 Incumbent Independent

Transportation

Rail

Roads

Expressways

Toll roads

  • Shizuoka East-West Road
  • Shizuoka South-North Road
  • West Fuji Road (not a toll road anymore as of 2012)
  • Fujinomiya Road

National highways

Airports

Shizuoka Airport

Ports

  • Shimizu Port
  • Atami Port and Shimoda Port - Mainly ferry route to Izu Island
  • Numazu Port

Education

Universities

National universities

Public universities

Private universities

Senior high schools

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Shizuoka.

Basketball

Motorsport

Rugby

Football

Volleyball

Tourism

Museums

Theme parks

  • Air Park Japan Air Self-Defense Force Hamamatsu Public Information Building)[5]
  • Shimizu Sushi Museum[6]

Festivals and events

A kite festival in Hamamatsu, May 2013
  • Shimoda Black Ship Festival, held in May
  • Shimizu Port Festival, held on August 5 to 7
  • Shizuoka Festival, held in April
  • Daidogei World Cup in central Shizuoka City, held in November
  • Enshu Daimyo Festival in Iwata, held in April
  • Numazu Festival, held in July
  • Mishima Festival, held in August

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shizuoka-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 876, p. 876, at Google Books; "Ch?bu" in p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Shizuoka" at p. 876, p. 876, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ "About Air Park Japan Air Self-Defense Force Hamamatsu Public Information Building - Shizuoka Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "About Shimizu Sushi Museum - Shizuoka Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved .

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Shizuoka_Prefecture
 



 



 
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