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Arahakasan Shitenn?-ji
DeityKannon (Avalokite?vara)
Location1-1-18 Shitenn?-ji, Tenn?ji-ku, Osaka, Osaka-fu
FounderPrince Sh?toku
Japanese name

Coordinates: 34°39?14.04?N 135°30?59.22?E / 34.6539000°N 135.5164500°E / 34.6539000; 135.5164500 Shitenn?-ji (Japanese: ?; also Arahaka-ji, Nanba-ji, or Mitsu-ji) is a Buddhist temple in ?saka, Japan. It is sometimes regarded as the first Buddhist and oldest officially administered temple in Japan,[1][2] although the temple buildings have been rebuilt over the centuries.


Prince Sh?toku invited three Korean Baekje carpenters, and they constructed this temple in 593. Prince Sh?toku was known for his profound Buddhist faith when Buddhism was not widespread in Japan. [3] Most of the present structures are from when the temple was last completely rebuilt in 1963. One of the members involved in the initial construction of the temple in the 6th century later established a firm Kong? Gumi, specialized in temple and shrine buildings over centuries.

Shitenn?-ji pagoda.


The Shitenn? are believed to be four heavenly kings. The temple Prince Sh?toku built to honor them had four institutions, each to help the Japanese attain a higher level of civilization. This Shika-in (, Four Institutions) was centered on the seven-building garan () (the complex inside the walls), and included a Ky?den-in (Institution of Religion and Education), a Hiden-in (welfare Institution), a Ry?by?-in (hospital), and a Seiyaku-in (pharmacy) to provide essential care to the people of Japan.[4]

The garan consists of a five-story pagoda, a main Golden Pavilion (Kond?) housing an image of the Bodhisattva Kannon, and a K?d? (Lecture Hall) under a covered corridor holding three gates (the Deva Gate,[5] the Western Gate, and the Eastern Gate). Surrounding this central complex are the Great South Gate (Nandaimon), and a Great East Gate (Higashi-no-?'mon). To the west is the Great West Gate (Nishi-no-?'mon), also known as Gokuraku-mon (). Further to the west is a stone torii, which is widely accepted as the Eastern Gate to the gokuraku-j?do (?, Western Paradise, or the Pure Land).

Shitenn?-ji sells some souvenirs of their products on the 21st of each month.



See also


  1. ^ Scheid, Bernhard. "Religion in Japan". Torii (in German). University of Vienna. Retrieved 2010.
  2. ^ "Asuka-Dera Temple". Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ "World's oldest company, started by Koreans, goes kaput : International : News : The Hankyoreh". 2006-08-12. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Three of the four sections are known to have existed inside the temple in Kamakura period[].
  5. ^ Ni?mon (), also called ch?mon ().

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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