|President||Sukhbir Singh Badal|
|Lok Sabha leader||Harsimrat Kaur Badal|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Naresh Gujral|
|Founded||14 October 1920|
|Headquarters||Block #6, Madhya Marg|
Sector 28, Chandigarh
|Student wing||Student Organisation of India  (SOI)|
|Youth wing||Youth Akali Dal|
|Women's wing||Istri Akali Dal|
|Labour wing||Shiromani Akali Dal SC wing|
|Peasant's wing||Shiromani Akali Dal BC wing|
|International affiliation||Shiromani Akali Dal NRI wing|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Alliance||National Democratic Alliance|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
|Seats in Punjab Legislative Assembly|
The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) (translation: Supreme Akali Party) is a political party in India. Although, there are many parties with the name Akali Dal but the party recognised as "Shiromani Akali Dal" by the Election Commission of India is the one led by Sukhbir Singh Badal. It controls Sikh religious bodies Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee and is the largest and most influential Sikh political party worldwide. The basic philosophy of Akali Dal is to give a political voice to Sikh issues and it believes that religion and politics go hand in hand. Shiromani Akali Dal is part of the BJP led NDA.
Akali Dal was formed on 14 December 1920 as a task force of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, the Sikh religious body. The Akali Dal considers itself the principal representative of Sikhs. Sardar Sarmukh Singh Chubbal was the first president of a unified proper Akali Dal, but it became popular under Master Tara Singh.
In the provincial election of 1937, the Akali Dal won 10 seats. The Khalsa Nationalists won 11 seats and joined the coalition government headed by the Unionist leader Sikander Hyat Khan. The Akalis sat in opposition and made occasional forays into reaching an understanding with the Muslim League, which never reached fruition.
In the provincial election of 1946, the Akali Dal won 22 seats and joined the coalition government headed by the Unionist Khizar Hayat Khan Tiwana, along with the Indian National Congress. The Muslim League was unable to capture power, despite having won the largest number of seats, which perhaps suited it fine as it strengthened its Pakistan demand. The Muslim League launched a civil disobedience campaign, bringing down the Tiwana government by March 1947. The rest of the period till Indian independence was filled by Governor's Rule.
In the 1950s, the party launched the Punjabi Suba movement, demanding a state with majority of Punjabi speaking people, out of undivided East Punjab under the leadership of Sant Fateh Singh. In 1966, the present Punjab was formed. Akali Dal came to power in the new Punjab, but early governments didn't live long due to internal conflicts and power struggles within the party. Later, party strengthened and party governments completed full term.
Following is the list of presidents of the party as given on party website.
|Rajya Sabha||3||Naresh Gujral|
|Lok Sabha||2||Harsimrat Kaur Badal|
|Punjab Legislative Assembly||13/117||Parminder Singh Dhindsa|
|Year||General election||Seats won||Change in # of seats||Percentage of vote||Vote swing|
|1945 Indian general election||6th Central Legislative Assembly||2||2|
|1951 Indian general election||1st Lok Sabha||4||0.99%|
|1957 Indian general election||2nd Lok Sabha||0||4|
|1962 Indian general election||3rd Lok Sabha||3||3||0.72%|
|1967 Indian general election||4th Lok Sabha||0[better source needed]||3|
|1971 Indian general election||5th Lok Sabha||1||1||0.87%|
|1977 Indian general election||6th Lok Sabha||9||8||1.26%|
|1980 Indian general election||7th Lok Sabha||1||8||0.71%|
|1984 Indian general election||8th Lok Sabha||7||7||17.9%|
|1989 Indian general election||9th Lok Sabha||0||7|
|1991 Indian general election||10th Lok Sabha||0|
|1996 Indian general election||11th Lok Sabha||8||8||0.76%|
|1998 Indian general election||12th Lok Sabha||8||0.81%|
|1999 Indian general election||13th Lok Sabha||10||2||25.58%|
|2004 Indian general election||14th Lok Sabha||8||2||34.28%|
|2009 Indian general election||15th Lok Sabha||4||4||0.96%|
|2014 Indian general election||16th Lok Sabha||4||20.30%||13.55%|
|2019 Indian general election||17th Lok Sabha||2||2|