Shim%C5%8Dsa Province
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Shim%C5%8Dsa Province
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Shim?sa Province highlighted
Hiroshige's View of Konodai in Shim?sa-specifically, the then-village of Ichikawa, Chiba

Shim?sa Province (?, Shim?sa no Kuni) was a province of Japan in the area modern Chiba Prefecture, and Ibaraki Prefecture.[1] It lies to the north of the B?s? Peninsula (?), whose name takes its first kanji from the name of Awa Province and its second from Kazusa and Shim?sa Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was S?sh? () or Hokus? ().

Shim?sa is classified as one of the provinces of the T?kaid?. It was bordered by Kazusa Province to the south, Musashi and K?zuke Provinces to the west, and Hitachi and Shimotsuke Provinces to the north. Under the Engishiki classification system, Shim?sa was ranked as a "great country" () and a far country ().

History

Shim?sa was originally part of a larger territory known as Fusa Province (, occasionally , Fusa-no-kuni), which was divided into "upper" and "lower" portions (i.e. Kazusa and Shim?sa) during the reign of Emperor K?toku (645-654). It was well-known to the Imperial Court in Nara period Japan for its fertile lands, and is mentioned in Nara period records as having supplied hemp to the Court. Shim?sa was divided into 11 (later 12) counties. The exact location of the capital of Shim?sa is not precisely known, but is believed to have been somewhere within the borders of the modern city of Ichikawa, Chiba, near K?nodai Station where the ruins of the Kokubun-ji have been located. However, the Ichinomiya of Shim?sa Province is the Katori Jing? in what is now the city of Katori, Chiba, on the opposite coast of the province.

During the Heian period, the province was divided into numerous sh?en controlled by local samurai clans, primarily the Chiba clan, which sided with Minamoto no Yoritomo in the Genpei War. During the Kamakura period, much of the province was under the control of the Chiba clan. By the early Muromachi period, the area was a highly contested region highly fragmented by various samurai clans. By the Sengoku period, the Later H?j? clan held sway following the Battle of K?nodai (1538) against the Ashikaga clan and the Satomi clan.

Following the installation of Tokugawa Ieyasu in Edo, after the Battle of Odawara, he created eleven han within the borders of Shim?sa to reward his followers, with the remaining area retained as tenry? territory owned directly by the sh?gun and administered by various hatamoto. The entire province had an assessed revenue of 681,062 koku. Following the Meiji Restoration, these various domains and tenry? territories were transformed into short-lived prefectures in July 1871 by the abolition of the han system. Most of Shim?sa Province became part of the new Chiba Prefecture on June 15, 1873, with four districts (Y?ki, Toyoda, Sashima, Okada) going to the new Ibaraki Prefecture and the portion to the west of the Edogawa River going to the new Saitama Prefecture.

Historical districts

The area of former Shim?sa Province was organized into nine districts by the Meiji cadastral reforms, later reduced to five:

Edo-period domains in Shim?sa Province

Domain Daimy? Dates Revenue (koku) Type
Koga Domain () Doi 1590-1871 80,000 fudai
Sakura Domain () Hotta 1590-1871 110,000 fudai
Y?ki Domain () Mizuno 1590-1871 18,000 fudai
Sekiyado Domain () Kuze 1590-1871 43,000 fudai
Oyumi Domain () Morikawa 1627-1871 10,000 fudai
Takaoka Domain () Inoue 1640-1871 10,000 fudai
Tako Domain () Matsudaira (Hisamatsu) 1713-1871 10,000 fudai
Omigawa Domain (?) Uchida 1594-1871 10,000 fudai
Sogano Domain (?) Toda 1871-1871 12,000 fudai
Yahagi Domain () Miura 1590-1639 10,000 fudai
Iwatomori Domain () H?j? 1590-1613 10,000 fudai
Moriya Domain () Toki 1590-1617 10,000 fudai
Yamazaki Domain () Okabe 1590-1609 12,000 fudai
Kurihara Domain () Naruse 1600-1638 16,000 fudai
Usui Domain () Sakai 1690-1604 30,000 fudai
Yamakawa Domain () ?ta 1635-1638 15,600 fudai
?wa Domain () Doi 1658-1677 10,000 fudai

Notes

References

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Papinot, Edmond. (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha. OCLC 77691250

External links

Media related to Shimosa Province at Wikimedia Commons


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