Sheikh Zuweid
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Sheikh Zuweid
Sheikh Zuweid

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Sheikh Zuweid is located in Egypt
Sheikh Zuweid
Sheikh Zuweid
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°12?43?N 34°6?38?E / 31.21194°N 34.11056°E / 31.21194; 34.11056
Country Egypt
GovernorateNorth Sinai
Population
(2015)
 o Total~60,000
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (not observed)

Sheikh Zuweid (also spelled Sheikh Zoweid or Shaykh Zuwayd; Arabic: ?‎  Arabic pronunciation: [a?'?e:x ze'we:d, -zo'wæjjed], Coptic: ) is a Bedouin town in the North Sinai Governorate of Egypt near the border with the Gaza Strip. It is situated between the cities of Arish and Rafah and is 334 kilometers (214 miles) northeast of Cairo. It has a population of around 60,000 as of 2015.[1]

The city, except for some of the eastern parts, has been under ISIL's control since early 2015.[2]

History

Ancient Christian artifacts in the form of mosaic tiles were found in Sheikh Zuweid in 1913. They are currently preserved in a museum in Ismailia.[3] The 6th century Madaba Map shows a settlement called Betulion (Greek ?[]) in this location, possibly the Bethulia where Judith beheaded Holofernes in biblical legend.[4]

The town is named after Sheikh Zuweid, a commander of the Rashidun Islamic army who fought during the Muslim conquest of Egypt alongside Amr ibn al-'As. He died at the site of the present town in 640.[5]

During the 2011 Egyptian revolution, protests against the government of Hosni Mubarak were held in Sheikh Zuweid. On 27 January, one protester was killed by security forces attempting to disperse the demonstrations.[6] On 14 May 2011, an unknown group bombed the Sufi shrine in Sheikh Zuweid.[5] As many as 70 ISIS affiliated militants using mortars and car bombs attacked five Army checkpoints just north of the city on July 1, 2015. The attacks killed 30 Egyptian soldiers and were part of a larger group of coordinated attacks across the Sinai. [7]

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh),[8] as the rest of Egypt, but because it is close to the sea, its climate is highly moderated by prevailing Mediterranean Sea winds, typical to the north coast of Egypt and the east Mediterranean coast.

Climate data for Sheikh Zuweid
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.2
(63.0)
18.0
(64.4)
20.5
(68.9)
23.1
(73.6)
26.1
(79.0)
28.4
(83.1)
29.8
(85.6)
30.7
(87.3)
29.2
(84.6)
27.6
(81.7)
23.7
(74.7)
19.2
(66.6)
24.5
(76.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.7
(54.9)
13.4
(56.1)
15.6
(60.1)
18.2
(64.8)
21.1
(70.0)
23.7
(74.7)
25.3
(77.5)
26.1
(79.0)
24.7
(76.5)
22.6
(72.7)
18.7
(65.7)
14.5
(58.1)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
8.9
(48.0)
10.7
(51.3)
13.3
(55.9)
16.1
(61.0)
19.0
(66.2)
20.9
(69.6)
21.6
(70.9)
20.3
(68.5)
17.7
(63.9)
13.7
(56.7)
9.9
(49.8)
15.0
(59.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37
(1.5)
29
(1.1)
22
(0.9)
6
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
7
(0.3)
31
(1.2)
40
(1.6)
175
(6.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 30m)[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Hellyer, H. A. (2015-07-02). "Egypt looks for answers after brutal Sinai attack". BBC News. Retrieved .
  2. ^ RAND: Rolling Back the Islamic State, https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR1900/RR1912/RAND_RR1912.pdf, pages 46 and 163-164
  3. ^ Ashkeloni, p.219.
  4. ^ Madaba Map Project, Franciscan Order in Jerusalem
  5. ^ a b Unkown (sic) assailants attack Sheikh Zuweid Shrine. Ahram Online. 2011-05-15.
  6. ^ Egypt police shoot Bedouin protester dead. Reuters. 2011-01-27.
  7. ^ "Stratfor". [1]
  8. ^ a b "Climate: Sheikh Zuwayid - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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