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Cyrillic letter Shcha
Cyrillic letter Shcha - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[?:], [?t?], [?t]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
Non-Slavic letters
Archaic letters

Shcha (? ?; italics: ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Russian, it represents the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative /?(:)/, similar to the pronunciation of ⟨sh⟩ in sheep (but longer). In Ukrainian and Rusyn, it represents the consonant cluster /?t/. In Bulgarian, it represents the consonant cluster /?t/. In Kurdish, it represents the consonant /d/. Other non-Slavic languages written in Cyrillic use this letter to spell the few loanwords that use it or foreign names; it is usually pronounced /?/ and is often omitted when teaching those languages.

In English, Shcha is romanized as ⟨shch⟩ or ⟨⟩ (with ha?eks) or occasionally as ⟨sch⟩, all reflecting the historical Russian pronunciation of the letter (as a combined ? and ?). English-speaking learners of Russian are often instructed to pronounce it in this way although it is no longer the standard pronunciation in Russian (it still is in Ukrainian and Rusyn, as above). The letter ? in Russian and Ukrainian corresponds to in related words in Belarusian.


The Cyrillic letter Shcha was derived from the Glagolitic letter Shta ? (GlagolitsaShta.gif).

The name in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was (?ta) and is preserved in modern Bulgarian; it is pronounced "".

This letter was also used in Komi /t/ (harder than ?), which is now represented by the digraph .


The form of the letter Shcha is the letter Cyrillic Sha (? ?) with a descender (cf. the Cyrillic letters De (? ?), Tse (? ?), Ka with descender (? ?), and En with descender (? ?).

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Щ щ
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1065 U+0429 1097 U+0449
UTF-8 208 169 D0 A9 209 137 D1 89
Numeric character reference Щ Щ щ щ
Named character reference Щ щ
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 253 FD 221 DD
Code page 855 250 FA 249 F9
Code page 866 153 99 233 E9
Windows-1251 217 D9 249 F9
ISO-8859-5 201 C9 233 E9
Macintosh Cyrillic 153 99 249 F9

External links

  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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