Shantou Dialect
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Shantou Dialect
Shantou dialect
Swatow
Suan¹tao? uê?
Native toChina
RegionMainly in Shantou, southwestern Guangdong province.
Sino-Tibetan
Peng'im
Language codes
-
Glottologshan1244[1]
Linguasphere79-AAA-jif
Shantou map2005.jpg
     Shantou dialect

The Shantou dialect, formerly known as the Swatow dialect, is a Chinese dialect mostly spoken in Shantou in Guangdong, China. It is a dialect of Chaoshan Min language.[2]

Phonology

Shantou dialect has 18 initials, 61 rimes and 8 tones.

Initials

Stop Affricate Fricative Nasal Lateral
Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiceless Voiced Voiced
Tenuis Aspirated Tenuis Tenuis Aspirated
Bilabial p
?
p?
?
b
?
m
?
Alveolar t
?
t?
?
ts
?
ts?
?
s
?
z
?
n
?
l
?
Velar k
?
k?
?
g
?
?
?
Glottal ?
?
h
?

Rimes

i
?
u
?
a
?
ia
?
ua
?
o
?
io
?
e
?
ue
?
?
?
ai
?
uai
?
oi
?
ui
?
au
?
iau
?
ou
?
iu
?
?
?
ã
?

?

?

?
?
?

?
ã?
?
õ?
?
im
?
am
?
iam
?
i?
?
u?
?
a?
?
ia?
?
ua?
?
o?
?
io?
?
e?
?

?
i?
?
a?
?
ia?
?
ua?
?
o?
?
io?
?
e?
?
oi?
?
iu?
ip?
?
ap?
?
iap?
?
uap?
?
ik?
?
uk?
?
ak?
?
iak?
?
uak?
?
ok?
?
iok?
?
ek?
?
m?
?

Tones

No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Tones dark level
dark rising
dark departing
dark entering
light level
light rising
light departing
light entering
Tone contour ? (33) (53) (213) ? (2) ? (55) (35) ? (11) ? (5)
Example Hanzi ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Tone sandhi

Shantou dialect has extremely extensive tone sandhi rules: in an utterance, only the last syllable pronounced is not affected by the rules. The two-syllable tonal sandhi rules are shown in the table below:

Tone sandhi of first syllable
Original citation tone Tone sandhi
dark level
33
23
light level
55
21
dark rising
53
35
light rising
35
21
dark departing
213
55
light departing
11
12
dark entering
2
5
light entering
5
2

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Shantou". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Shantou Dialect entry in Glossika

Further reading


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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