Shalmaneser I
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Shalmaneser I

Shalmaneser I (Shulmanu-asharedu;[1] 1274-1245 BC or 1265-1235 BC) was a king of Assyria during the Middle Assyrian Empire (1365-1050 BC). Son of Adad-nirari I, he succeeded his father as king[2] in 1265 BC.

Stele of king Shalmaneser I, 1263-1234 BCE. From Assur, Iraq. Pergamon Museum

According to his annals, discovered at Assur, in his first year he conquered eight countries in the northwest and destroyed the fortress of Arinnu, the dust of which he brought to Assur. In his second year he defeated Shattuara, king of Hanilgalbat (Mitanni), and his Hittite and Ahlamu allies.[2] He incorporated the remains of the Mittanni kingdom as part of one of the Assyrian provinces. Shalmaneser I also claimed to have blinded 14,400 enemy prisoners in one eye. He was one of the first Assyrian kings who was known to deport his defeated enemies to various lands rather than simply slaughtering them all.

He conquered the whole country from Taidu to Irridu, from Mount Kashiar to Eluhat, and from the fortresses of Sudu and Harranu to Carchemish on the Euphrates. He built palaces at Assur and Nineveh, restored the "world-temple" at Assur (Ehursagkurkurra), and founded the city of Kalhu (the biblical Calah/Nimrud).[2] He was succeeded by his son Tukulti-Ninurta I.

Limmu officials by year

Shalmaneser I pours out the dust of Arina before his God, illustration in Hutchinson's Story of the Nations

Annual limmu officials beginning with the year of accession of ?ulmanu-a?ared. The list is partly derived from Freydank[3] and McIntyre.[4] The exact order of the earliest limmus is conjectural but the ordering from ?erriya onwards is essentially fixed.

  • 1265: Adad-?umu-le?ir son of Sin-a?ared
  • 1264ulmanu-a?ared (king)
  • 1263: Mu?ab?iu-?ibitti
  • 1262: Ber-?umu-iddina
  • 1261: Abi-ili son of Aur-?umu-le?ir
  • 1260: Aur-alik-pana
  • 1259: Adad-?am?i son of Adad-?umu-le?ir
  • 1258: Kidin-Sin son of Adad-teya
  • 1257erriya (ordering from here onwards is essentially fixed)
  • 1256: Aur-ka?id
  • 1255: Aur-mu?ab?i son of Iddin-Mer
  • 1254: Aur-mu?ab?i son of Anu-mu?allim
  • 1253: Qibi-Aur son of ?ama?-a?a-iddina
  • 1252: Aur-nadin-?ume
  • 1251: Mu?allim-Aur
  • 1250: Qibi-Aur son of ?illi-Marduk
  • 1249: Ina-pi-Aur-li?lim son of B?bu-a?a-iddina
  • 1248: Ber-?umu-le?ir son of Ete-pi-Ta?mete
  • 1247: Aur-dammiq son of Abi-ili
  • 1246: Ber-bel-lite
  • 1245: I?tar-eri? son of ?ulmanu-qarrad
  • 1244: Lullayu son of Adad-?umu-iddina
  • 1243: Aur-ketti-ide son of Abi-ili
  • 1242: Ekaltayu
  • 1241: Aur-da'issunu son of Ululayu
  • 1240: Ri?-Adad
  • 1239: Nabu-bela-u?ur
  • 1238: Usat-Marduk
  • 1237: Ellil-a?ared
  • 1236: Ittab?i-den-Aur
  • 1235: Ubru

Notes

  1. ^ The name means: "[the god] Shulmanu is preeminent"; Georges Roux, Ancient Iraq (Penguin, 3rd ed., 1992), p. 295.
  2. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSayce, Archibald Henry (1911). "Shalmaneser". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 798.
  3. ^ Helmut Freydank, AoF 3 (2005), 45-56.
  4. ^ Eponyms of Shalmaneser 1 - Summary

References

Preceded by
Adad-nirari I
King of Assyria
1263-1233 BC
Succeeded by
Tukulti-Ninurta I

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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