A typical Iranian setar
|Tambouras, Tar, Tanbur|
|Ahmad Ebadi,Atâ Jangouk,Hossein Alizadeh,|
The Setar (Persian: , from seh, meaning "three" and t?r, meaning "string") is an Iranian musical instrument. It is a member of the lute family, which is played with the index finger of the right hand. Two and a half centuries ago, a fourth string was added to the Setar which most of the time has the same tone of the bass string. It has 25-27 moveable frets which are usually made of animal intestines or silk. Setar covers about 2 and a half scale (depending on the length the handle). some musicians even use its different strings like chords such Mohsen Namjoo and Masood Shoari who are relatively pioneers in creating a new playing style for Setar.
The satar (Uyghur: ; Chinese: ) is an important instrument in 12 muqam. It is a bowed lute with 13 strings, one raised bowing string and 12 sympathetic strings, tuned to the mode of the muqam or piece being played.