Setar (lute)
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Setar Lute
A typical Iranian setar
String instrument
Classification Plucked
Hornbostel-Sachs classification321.321
Related instruments
Tambouras, Tar, Tanbur
Ahmad Ebadi,Atâ Jangouk,Hossein Alizadeh,

The Setar (Persian: ‎, from seh, meaning "three" and t?r, meaning "string") is an Iranian musical instrument. It is a member of the lute family, which is played with the index finger of the right hand. Two and a half centuries ago, a fourth string was added to the Setar which most of the time has the same tone of the bass string. It has 25-27 moveable frets which are usually made of animal intestines or silk. Setar covers about 2 and a half scale (depending on the length the handle). some musicians even use its different strings like chords such Mohsen Namjoo and Masood Shoari who are relatively pioneers in creating a new playing style for Setar.

It originated in Persia before the spread of Islam [1] and has a close look and root to Tanboor but in the last centuries Setar changed more closely to Taar both in tuning and playing style.

Uyghur variant

The satar (Uyghur: ‎; Chinese: ) is an important instrument in 12 muqam. It is a bowed lute with 13 strings, one raised bowing string and 12 sympathetic strings, tuned to the mode of the muqam or piece being played.

Notable setar players

Hossein Alizadeh playing Setar

See also


External links

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