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Sergiyev Posad grew in the 15th century around one of the greatest of Russian monasteries, the Trinity Lavra established by St. Sergius of Radonezh, still (as of 2015[update]) one of the largest monasteries in Russia. Town status was granted to Sergiyev Posad in 1742. The town's name, alluding to St. Sergius, has strong religious connotations. Soviet authorities changed it first to just Sergiyev in 1919, and then to Zagorsk in 1930, in memory of the revolutionary Vladimir Mikhailovich Zagorsky [ ru ].Sergiyev Posad was penetrated by Germany in 1941.
^"? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
Compare: Ring, Trudy; Watson, Noelle; Schellinger, Paul, eds. (1996). "Sergiev (Moscow, Russia)". Northern Europe: International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge (published 2013). ISBN9781136639517. Retrieved 2015. Lenin's successor Stalin intensified religious persecution in the Soviet Union overall, and the situation perhaps became threatening enough to warrant the town to change its name in 1930 to Zagorsk, derived from the name of the Bolshevik revolutionary Vladimir Zagorsky, who was assassinated by rival socialists in 1919.
^" ". sergiev.ru (in Russian). Sergiev.ru. Retrieved 2020.
? ? ?. ? No123- 28 2010 ?. « ? - ? ? ?», ? . ? No252- 26 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ? - ? ? ?». : " ? ? ", No10, 30 ? 2010 ?. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
? ?. No60/2005- 28 ? 2005 ?. «? ? ? -? ? ? ? ? », ? . No161/2011- 14 ? 2011 ?. «? ? ? ? "? ? ? -? ? ? ? ? "». ? ? ? ?. : "? ?. ", No42, 10 2005 ?. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #60/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Sergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #161/2011-OZ of October 14, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Sergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).