Sergiyev Posad
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Sergiyev Posad
Sergiyev Posad

?
Central part of the city
Central part of the city
Flag of Sergiyev Posad
Flag
Coat of arms of Sergiyev Posad
Coat of arms
Location of Sergiyev Posad
Sergiyev Posad is located in Russia
Sergiyev Posad
Sergiyev Posad
Location of Sergiyev Posad
Sergiyev Posad is located in Moscow Oblast
Sergiyev Posad
Sergiyev Posad
Sergiyev Posad (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 56°18?N 38°08?E / 56.300°N 38.133°E / 56.300; 38.133Coordinates: 56°18?N 38°08?E / 56.300°N 38.133°E / 56.300; 38.133
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Administrative districtSergiyevo-Posadsky District[1]
CitySergiyev Posad[1]
Founded1347
City status since1782
Government
 o BodyCouncil of Deputies[2]
Area
 o Total50.40 km2 (19.46 sq mi)
Elevation
210 m (690 ft)
Population
 o Total111,179
 o Estimate 
(2018)[5]
103,444 (-7%)
 o Rank142nd in 2010
 o Density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
 o Capital ofSergiyevo-Posadsky District[1], City of Sergiyev Posad[1]
 o Municipal districtSergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District[6]
 o Urban settlementSergiyev Posad Urban Settlement[6]
 o Capital ofSergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District[6], Sergiyev Posad Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
141300-141315, 141318
Dialing code(s)+7 496
OKTMO ID46615101001
Websitewww.sergiev-posad.net

Sergiyev Posad (Russian: , IPA: ['srg(j)?f p?'sat]) is a city and the administrative center of Sergiyevo-Posadsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia. Population: ;[4];[9].[10]

It was previously known as Sergiyev Posad (until 1919), Sergiyev (until 1930), Zagorsk (until 1991).

History

Sergiyev Posad grew in the 15th century around one of the greatest of Russian monasteries, the Trinity Lavra established by St. Sergius of Radonezh, still (as of 2015) one of the largest monasteries in Russia.[] Town status was granted to Sergiyev Posad in 1742.[] The town's name, alluding to St. Sergius, has strong religious connotations. Soviet authorities changed it first to just Sergiyev in 1919, and then to Zagorsk in 1930, in memory of the revolutionary Vladimir Mikhailovich Zagorsky  [ ru ].[11]Sergiyev Posad was penetrated by Germany in 1941.

The original name was restored in 1991.[]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Sergiyev Posad serves as the administrative center of Sergiyevo-Posadsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-six rural localities, incorporated within Sergiyevo-Posadsky District as the City of Sergiyev Posad.[1] As a municipal division, the City of Sergiyev Posad is incorporated within Sergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District as Sergiyev Posad Urban Settlement.[6]

Economy

Tourism associated with the Golden Ring plays a role in the regional economy. There is also an important toy factory.

Transportation

The Moscow-Yaroslavl railway and highway pass through the town. Sergiyev Posad Bus Terminal is located in the city.

Notable people

Twin towns - sister cities

Sergiyev Posad is twinned with:[13]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ ?. ? . -? ? ?. 2010 ?.
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e Law #60/2005-OZ
  7. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ Compare: Ring, Trudy; Watson, Noelle; Schellinger, Paul, eds. (1996). "Sergiev (Moscow, Russia)". Northern Europe: International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge (published 2013). ISBN 9781136639517. Retrieved 2015. Lenin's successor Stalin intensified religious persecution in the Soviet Union overall, and the situation perhaps became threatening enough to warrant the town to change its name in 1930 to Zagorsk, derived from the name of the Bolshevik revolutionary Vladimir Zagorsky, who was assassinated by rival socialists in 1919.
  12. ^ Great Soviet Encyclopedia (3rd ed., 1977), vol. 27, p. 178
  13. ^ " ". sergiev.ru (in Russian). Sergiev.ru. Retrieved 2020.

Sources

  • ? ? ?. ? No123-  28 2010 ?. « ? - ? ? ?», ? . ? No252-  26 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ? - ? ? ?». : " ? ? ", No10, 30 ? 2010 ?. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • ? ?.  No60/2005-  28 ? 2005 ?. «? ? ? -? ? ? ? ? », ? . No161/2011-  14 ? 2011 ?. «? ? ? ? "? ? ? -? ? ? ? ? "». ? ? ?  ?. : "? ?. ", No42, 10 2005 ?. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #60/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Sergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #161/2011-OZ of October 14, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Sergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

Further reading

External links


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