|Directed by||Howard Hawks|
|Produced by||Howard Hawks|
Jesse L. Lasky
Hal B. Wallis
|Screenplay by||Harry Chandlee|
Howard E. Koch
|Based on||Sergeant York: His Own Life Story and War Diary|
by Tom Skeyhill
|Music by||Max Steiner|
|Edited by||William Holmes|
|Distributed by||Warner Brothers|
Sergeant York is a 1941 American biographical film about the life of Alvin C. York, one of the most-decorated American soldiers of World War I. It was directed by Howard Hawks and was the highest-grossing film of the year.
The film was based on the diary of Sergeant Alvin York, as edited by Tom Skeyhill, and adapted by Harry Chandlee, Abem Finkel, John Huston, Howard E. Koch, and Sam Cowan (uncredited). York refused, several times, to authorize a film version of his life story, but finally yielded to persistent efforts in order to finance the creation of an interdenominational Bible school. The story that York insisted on Gary Cooper for the title role derives from the fact that producer Jesse L. Lasky recruited Cooper by writing a plea that he accept the role and then signed York's name to the telegram.
Cooper went on to win the Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal. The film also won for Best Film Editing and was nominated in nine other categories, including Best Picture, Director (Hawks), Supporting Actor (Walter Brennan), and Supporting Actress (Margaret Wycherly). The American Film Institute ranked the film 57th in the its 100 most inspirational American movies. It also rated Alvin York 35th in its list of the top 50 heroes in American cinema.
Just before America's entry into World War I, Alvin York is a poor, young farmer in rural Tennessee, near the Kentucky border, living with his widowed mother, sister and brother. Alvin's leisure time is spent fighting and getting drunk with friends. The community's poverty and isolation force them to live a 19th century lifestyle. Alvin's goal is to purchase a piece of fertile farmland, called "bottomland," to improve his lot. Alvin works hard to acquire the price for the land, and is given an extension by the owner. Alvin's sharpshooting skills enable him to raise the money needed. However, the owner reneges making Alvin angry and bitter. En route to seek revenge, Alvin and his mule are struck by lightning. The incident prompts Alvin's conversion to Christianity.
When the U.S. enters World War I, Alvin seeks exemption as a conscientious objector, which is denied. Alvin is torn between fighting for his country and the biblical prohibition against killing others. Alvin reconciles the conflict after reading the biblical quote to render to Caesar what is Caesar's, and to God what is God's.
During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, York distinguishes himself by killing and capturing many German soldiers. The captured are marched up the line as prisoners of war by York and only a handful of his men. York is decorated and hailed as a national hero, but desires to return home. He rejects commercial offers that would make him wealthy, explaining that he couldn't take money for doing his duty. York returns home to marry his fiance, Gracie. To his surprise, the state had purchased the bottomland farm and had built a house for him and Gracie.
Sergeant York was a spectacular success at the box office and became the highest-grossing film of 1941. It remains one of the highest-grossing films of all time when adjusted for inflation. It benefited from the attack on Pearl Harbor, which occurred while the film played in theaters. The film's patriotic theme helped recruit soldiers; young men sometimes went directly from the movie theater to military enlistment offices.:156-157 After its initial release, the film was frequently re-shown at theaters all over America during the war as a quick replacement for box office flops and as a theme program for bond sales and scrap drives.
According to Warner Bros records the film earned $6,075,000 domestically and $2,184,000 foreign.
It was also nominated for: