Seal (musician)
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Seal Musician

Seal
Seal in Sydney, 2012
Seal in Sydney, 2012
Background information
Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel
Sealhenry Samuel[1][2]
Born (1963-02-19) 19 February 1963 (age 57)
Paddington, London, England, United Kingdom
Genres
  • Singer-songwriter
  • record producer
1987-present
Labels
(m. 2005; div. 2014)
Children4
AwardsFull list
Websiteseal.com

Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel[3][4] (born 19 February 1963), known professionally as Seal, is a British singer-songwriter.[5] He has sold over 20 million records worldwide,[6] with his first international hit song, "Crazy", released in 1991; his most celebrated song, "Kiss from a Rose", was released in 1994.

Seal has won multiple awards throughout his career, including three Brit Awards; he won Best British Male in 1992, as well as four Grammy Awards and an MTV Video Music Award.[7][8] As a songwriter, he received two Ivor Novello Awards for Best Song Musically and Lyrically from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers, and Authors for "Killer" (1990) and "Crazy" (1991).[9]

He was a coach on The Voice Australia in 2012 and 2013,[10] and returned to Australia to work as a coach in 2017.

Early life

Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel was born on 19 February 1963 at St Mary's Hospital in Paddington, London,[3][11] to a Nigerian mother, Adebisi Ogundeji, and an Afro-Brazilian father, Francis Samuel.[12][13][14] He was raised by a foster family in Westminster, London. He received a two-year diploma in architecture and had various jobs in the London area.[15]

Music career

Early career

In the 1980s, Seal spent a short time singing in local clubs and bars. In 1987, he joined Push, a British funk band, and toured with them in Japan. In Thailand, he joined a blues band for a while before separating from the group and journeying throughout India on his own. He returned to England, sleeping on the couch of friend Julian Bunster, then a model. He sometimes asked him, "do I sing well?", to which he often received the response that he sang better than most current artists. He then met producer Adamski and performed the lyrics on Adamski's single "Killer".[15]

Seal (1991)

"Killer" eventually reached number one in the UK.[16] Seal subsequently signed to ZTT Records and released his self-titled début album (produced by Trevor Horn) in 1991. Two versions of the album are known to be in circulation: the original "premix" version and a second, more common version with an updated mix. This is attributed to the demand for a produced single rushing the final album edit, and as Seal puts it, producer Horn's "inability to let go".[17]

Seal was positively received by critics. The singles "Crazy", "Future Love Paradise", and his own rendition of "Killer" performed well on the charts. In particular, "Crazy" became an international hit in 1991, reaching number two in the UK Singles Chart and number seven on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US.[16][18] Seal stole the show at the 1992 Brit Awards held at the Hammersmith Odeon, London, with the first hat-trick of wins in the history of the event.[19] He won in three categories: Best British Male, Best British Video ("Killer"), and Best British Album (Seal).[19]

In 1992, Seal appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation CD Red Hot + Dance, contributing an exclusive track "Crazy (If I Was Trev Mix)". The album, featuring George Michael and Madonna among others, raised money and awareness in support of the AIDS epidemic by donating all proceeds to AIDS charities.

Seal II (1994)

After Seal regrouped with Trevor Horn, his second album, also self-titled, was released in 1994. A success, the album featured the singles "Prayer for the Dying" and "Newborn Friend", and later received a Grammy nomination for Album of the Year. "Prayer for the Dying" became a minor pop hit in the US, peaking at number 21 on the Billboard Hot 100. A third single, "Kiss from a Rose", performed modestly when released, but was later featured to much wider popularity when it was remixed for the soundtrack to Batman Forever. "Kiss from a Rose" won a Grammy Award for Record of the Year and Grammy Award for Song of the Year in 1996, becoming Seal's best-performing single on the US market (it topped the Billboard Hot 100 in late August 1995) and hit number four in the UK.[16][18]

Human Being

In 1998, Seal released Human Being. The album was the product of a turbulent time in his life, including a split and later reconciliation with producer Horn, as well as Seal's parting with ZTT Records and his signing with Warner Bros. Records in 1997. The record was panned upon its release. It received gold record certification by the RIAA just two months after its release date.[20] The album provided three singles, "Human Beings", "Latest Craze", and "Lost My Faith".

Togetherland

In 2001, fans awaited the arrival of a new album, announced as Togetherland. After a protracted postproduction period, the album was cancelled. The official word was that Seal simply did not think it made the grade, although this conflicts with other reports,[21] that said the album was turned down by the label because producers felt the album would not be commercially successful. Even so, one single was released from the album; "This Could Be Heaven" was released in the US and featured on The Family Man soundtrack. Since December 2006, Seal has indicated that he has plans to excerpt cuts from Togetherland and make them available for streaming download. Meanwhile, Seal co-wrote and provided vocals for the hit single "My Vision" from Jakatta in 2002. He also recorded a successful duet with French singer Mylène Farmer called "Les Mots" during that same period. Also in 2002, Seal lent his vocals to the song "You Are My Kind", the fourth track on Santana's album Shaman.

Seal IV

In 2003, Seal released his fourth album Seal IV. Although it never achieved the sales figures of either of his first two albums, this release brought him back into the public eye in the United States and continental Europe. Singles from the album include "Waiting for You", "Get It Together", and "Love's Divine" - this single was released in 2004 and was a big hit in several European countries.

Greatest hits album: Best 1991-2004

In 2004, a greatest-hits album entitled Seal: Best 1991-2004 was released, including a cover of the Bacharach/David classic "Walk On By" and a cover of Echo & the Bunnymen's song "Lips Like Sugar". An edition of the album was available that included an extra CD with acoustic versions of some of Seal's hits.

Live in Paris

Also in 2004, Seal performed shows at the Olympia Theatre in Paris. The show of 6 July 2004 was recorded and released about one year after as a CD/DVD package, simply titled Live in Paris.

One Night to Remember

In June 2005, Seal recorded a concert which was subsequently released in 2006, entitled One Night to Remember, as a CD/DVD combination. The DVD includes a "making of" documentary in addition to the live performance. Recorded in a historic steel mill, the Altes Kesselhaus ("old boiler house"), in Düsseldorf, Germany, this performance includes a version of Brahms' Lullaby which Seal sings in German and then in English. Unlike earlier recordings in which Seal is accompanied by his band, a full orchestra and choir of 52 musicians accompanies the singer.

System

Seal performing in 2008

System was released in the UK on 12 November 2007 and in the US on 13 November 2007.[22] Seal describes the album as more dance-oriented, apparently a return to the roots of his first album. On the track titled "Wedding Day", Seal sings a duet with his then wife, model Heidi Klum. The album's first single, "Amazing", was released on 25 September 2007, and was nominated for the "Best Male Pop Vocal Performance" Grammy at the 2007 50th Annual Grammy Awards.[23]

Seal performed "Amazing" and the Beatles' "Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds" at the 2007 Royal Variety Performance.

Seal also performed "Amazing" at the 2007 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show in December, as well as the duet "Wedding Day" with his wife. Other performers at the 2007 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show include the Spice Girls and will.i.am of the Black Eyed Peas. He appeared on the American Idol season-seven finale, singing with third-place contestant Syesha Mercado.

Soul

Seal's sixth studio album, Soul, was released on 3 November 2008 internationally and on 11 November 2008 in the US. It contains 11 soul classics produced by David Foster.[24] The first single was a cover of Sam Cooke song "A Change Is Gonna Come".

On 14 March 2009, Seal performed a song from the album and coached the participants on the "Top 9-Show" of the sixth season of the German TV show Deutschland sucht den Superstar (German Idol).[25]

Hits

On 4 December 2009, Hits, a compilation album, was released. It contains two new tracks, "I Am Your Man" and "Thank You".

Commitment and Soul 2

Seal in 2011

Seal's seventh studio album, Seal 6: Commitment was released on 20 September 2010 internationally and 28 September 2010 in the US. The first single "Secret" was released 10 August 2010 on iTunes in the US and in the UK on 13 September 2010. This album was said to be inspired by his wife, Heidi.[26] On 7 November 2011, Seal released his second cover album of classic soul songs, Soul 2 through Reprise Records.

7

Seal soon after began work on a new album, initially entitled Let Yourself, produced again by Horn. In February 2015, Horn said the album was nearly finished.[27] Seal later resigned to Perfect Songs and had a two-week writing period in Horn's Los Angeles studio booked for October 2012. Stewart Copeland (formerly of the Police) said that month on his Twitter feed that Trevor Horn and Lol Crème were working with Seal on a project. In April 2013, Seal said on Twitter that the new album would be released in about June (which did not eventuate), and that tracks to be included were "Let Yourself", "Do You Ever", and "Laying with an Angel".[28] The album was later retitled Beautifully Scarred.[29]

On 10 September 2015, Seal announced that the album, now named 7, would be released on 6 November 2015.

Standards

Seal released the album Standards in November 2017. The album was produced by classical crossover composer Nick Patrick. It received a nomination for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album at the 2018 Annual Grammy Awards[30].

Other projects

Jeff Beck and Seal performed a cover of "Manic Depression" for the 1993 album Stone Free: A Tribute to Jimi Hendrix. Seal also contributed vocals to a cover of John Lennon's "Imagine" for the 2010 Herbie Hancock album, The Imagine Project along with P!nk, India.Arie, Jeff Beck, Konono Nº1, Oumou Sangaré and others.[31]

In 2012, Seal was one of the four vocal coaches in the first season of the Australian version of the reality singing competition The Voice. He was the coach of the series winner Karise Eden. Seal returned to The Voice season two, which debuted on 7 April 2013, where he became the winning coach once again, coaching eventual winner Harrison Craig.[32][33] He did not return for the third season in 2014 with the Nine Network stating that Seal "will take a break from the third season of The Voice to focus on music and material for a new album."[10] Channel NINE announced on 8 November 2016 that Seal would be returning alongside Delta Goodrem to The Voice as a coach in 2017, replacing Jessie J after a three-year hiatus.

On 15 November 2014, Seal joined the charity group Band Aid 30 along with other British and Irish pop acts, recording the latest version of the track "Do They Know It's Christmas?" at Sarm West Studios in Notting Hill, London, to raise money for the 2014 Ebola crisis in West Africa.[34]

Seal was cast as Pontius Pilate in Tyler Perry's musical rendition of The Passion, which aired on Fox on 20 March 2016.[35]

Personal life

The prominent scarring on Seal's face is the result of a type of lupus called discoid lupus erythematosus, which affects the skin and leaves large scars.[36][37][38]

Seal's brother, Jeymes Samuel, better known as The Bullitts, is also an accomplished singer-songwriter.[39]

Seal first began dating German model Heidi Klum in February 2004,[40] shortly after she announced her pregnancy and end of relationship with Italian Formula One team manager Flavio Briatore. Seal proposed to Klum on 23 December 2004 in a quinzee[41] he had built on a glacier in Whistler, British Columbia.[42] On 10 May 2005, the couple married on a beach in Mexico near Seal's home on Costa Careyes.[43] Every year during their marriage, Seal and Klum renewed their vows on their anniversary with close friends and family. About these renewals, Seal said in 2010, "Each year, Heidi and I get remarried. It's a great party, but for about an hour, we go off on our own down to a private beach. We sit there with the kids and read vows to each other as the sun sets. It's a very special moment to us."[44] In November 2009, Klum officially adopted Seal's surname and became legally known as Heidi Samuel.[45]

On 11 June 2009, Seal, on tour with his new album Soul, revealed, "It is nice to be in newspapers and magazines for something other than my marriage". He said his marriage to Klum may take away the attention, but does not detract from what he loves doing: making music.[46] In February 2011, Klum praised Seal for his good parenting skills.

When I first met Seal he had a kindness and compassion that was so sincere I knew he'd be a good father...But it wasn't until Leni was born and we had our three other children that I grasped what a great dad he is...He has infinite amounts of love and patience for our kids...He puts me and the children first.[47]

Klum also remarked how lucky she was to have a husband like Seal.[26]

Klum gave birth to Briatore's daughter, Helene "Leni" Boshoven Klum on 5 May 2004 in New York City[48] with Seal at her side. According to Klum, Briatore is not involved in Leni's life, and Klum has stated emphatically that "Seal is Leni's father".[49][50] Seal is her only father figure and he has praised Briatore for keeping his distance and not disrupting Leni's life.[51] In late 2009, Seal officially adopted Leni, and her last name was changed to Samuel.[52] The couple have three other children: two sons born in September 2005 and November 2006; and a daughter born in October 2009.[53][54][55]

On 22 January 2012, Seal and Klum announced that they were separating after nearly seven years of marriage.[56][57] Klum filed for divorce from Seal on 6 April 2012.[58] Their divorce was finalised on 14 October 2014.[59]

Controversy

In October 2011, Seal came under criticism from human-rights groups for appearing at an event in Grozny, Chechnya, that turned into a birthday celebration for Ramzan Kadyrov, the President of Chechnya.[60] Also appearing at the event were the actress Hilary Swank, actor Jean-Claude Van Damme, and violinist Vanessa-Mae. The New York-based Human Rights Foundation claims that it sent letters to invitees in advance of the event noting Kadyrov's record and asking them to decline the invitations.[61] Human Rights Watch sent an inquiry to Seal regarding his performance at the event and released a statement about the incident which said:

Ramzan Kadyrov is linked to a litany of horrific human rights abuses. It's inappropriate for stars to get paid to party with him. It bolsters his image and legitimizes a brutal leader and his regime. And getting paid to be part of such a lavish show in Chechnya trivialises the suffering of countless victims of human rights abuses there.[62][63]

Seal refused to apologise for appearing at the event, sending a message from his Twitter account telling people to "leave me out of your politics".[61] Seal was reported to have made $500,000 for singing at the party.[64]

Charity work

In April 1992, Seal performed with the surviving members of the rock band Queen at The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert held at Wembley Stadium.[65] Seal performed on his own singing the 1986 hit "Who Wants to Live Forever" and joined the rest of the acts for the all-star finale singing "We Are the Champions".[65]

On 10 March 2012, Seal shared the stage with Kanye West, Soul Rebels Brass Band, and Snoop Dogg at Brad Pitt's Night to Make It Right Foundation New Orleans after-party, hosted by comedian Aziz Ansari.[66] The charity event, hosted by Ellen DeGeneres, raised money to build homes for victims of Hurricane Katrina.

Other work

He performed in 2003 the Mona Lisa Song for the film Mona Lisa Smile.

Seal and his then-wife Heidi Klum announced in June 2010 that they would be making a reality series on Lifetime titled Love's Divine (after Seal's song of the same name).[67]

Seal was also a judge for the 10th annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists careers.[68]

In 2017, Seal was a guest judge for America's Got Talent season 12.

Seal performed as The Leopard on the U.S. second season of The Masked Singer, and finished in fourth place.[69]

Discography

Studio albums

Cover albums

Awards and nominations

Award nominations for Seal
Year Award Category Recipient Outcome
1995 Billboard Music Video Award Best Pop/Rock Video of the Year "Kiss from a Rose" Nominated[70]
1996 APRA Awards Most Performed Foreign Work Seal Won[71]
2011 53rd Annual Grammy Awards Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals "Imagine"[72] Won

See also

References

  1. ^ Finn, Robin (5 June 1996). "AT LUNCH WITH: Seal; From a Crucible Of Early Pain Comes the Gold Of Stardom". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Seal | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ a b "pounds 10m SEAL'S MUM LIVING IN SQUALOR. - Free Online Library". thefreelibrary.com.
  4. ^ "Ongoing Management Commission gets Seal of Approval : Wadlow v Samuel". Music Law Updates. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ Batey, Angus (16 September 2010). "Seal: The reluctant pop star". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ "Acclaimed Singer And Songwriter Seal Returns With Second Set Of Soul Classics, Soul 2, Due for Release in the US on January 31st, 2012, From Warner Bros. Records; The First Single, "Let's Stay Together," Impacts Radio Today". Reprise Records. Yahoo!. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  7. ^ "History". Brit Awards. 16 October 2015. Retrieved 2016.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Winners". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ Lister, David, Pop ballads bite back in lyrical fashion, The Independent, 28 May 1994
  10. ^ a b "will.i.am and Kylie Minogue join The Voice in 2014". Nine Network. ninemsn Pty Ltd. 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ "Seal". Biography.com. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ Batey, Angus. "Seal: The reluctant pop star". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010.
  13. ^ Morse, Steve (9 July 2003). "Seal chooses idealism, optimism on new CD". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011.
  14. ^ "Bio". Askmen.com. 19 February 1963. Retrieved 2011.
  15. ^ a b "Seal |". VH1. Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ a b c Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums. London: Guinness World Records Limited
  17. ^ "10 Years on and Still the Web's Best Source of Seal Info". Future Love Paradise. Retrieved 2011.
  18. ^ a b "Seal: Single Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 2011.
  19. ^ a b "History". Brit Awards. 16 October 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ "Home". RIAA. 3 November 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  21. ^ "Clay's Seal Page". Angelfire.com. Retrieved 2016.
  22. ^ Joseph, Mike (13 November 2007), "Seal - System", Music Review, PopMatters
  23. ^ . National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences http://www.grammy.com/GRAMMY_Awards/. Retrieved 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ "Soul". Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 2016.
  25. ^ "Seal coacht DSDS-Kandidaten". RP Online (in German). 2 February 2009. Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ a b "Showbiz - News - Heidi Klum: 'I'm lucky to have Seal'". Digital Spy. 29 September 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  27. ^ "ME1 TV Talks To... Trevor Horn". Retrieved 2016 – via YouTube.
  28. ^ Henry Potts. "Where are they now? - Former Yes members". Bondegezou.co.uk. Retrieved 2016.
  29. ^ "Instagram". Instagram. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  30. ^ "GRAMMY Award Results for Seal". grammy.com. Retrieved 2020.
  31. ^ "The Imagine Project". All About Jazz. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  32. ^ "Judges announced for Aussie Voice". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 23 November 2011. Archived from the original on 25 November 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  33. ^ "Home | 9Jumpin". The Voice. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 2016.
  34. ^ "Band Aid 30: One Direction among celebrity line-up". The Daily Telegraph. 10 November 2014.
  35. ^ "Seal Cast as Pontius Pilate for Fox's 'The Passion'". The Wrap. Retrieved 2016.
  36. ^ O'Reilly, Finbarr (19 November 1998). "Seal's new album is soul pop without the soul". NewsBank. Chicago, Illinois, USA. p. 43. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  37. ^ Celebrities Who Have Overcome Obstacles, Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. 10 June 1996. Retrieved 2011.
  38. ^ Hussey-Whyte, Donna (12 November 2007). "Beyond beauty". The Jamaica Observer. Kingston, Jamaica. Retrieved 2011.
  39. ^ "Jay-Z and Seal's Brother Score 'The Great Gatsby'". Spin. Retrieved 2016.
  40. ^ "Heidi Klum: Seal and I Have Not Married". People. 25 March 2005.
  41. ^ "Five Minutes With: Seal". BBC News. 16 October 2010.
  42. ^ Stephen M. Silverman; Baker, KC (4 January 2005). "Heidi Klum and Seal Engaged to Wed". Archived from the original on 26 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  43. ^ "Heidi Klum and Seal Marry in Mexico". People. 10 May 2005. Retrieved 2019.
  44. ^ Wihlborg, Ulrica (8 May 2010). "Heidi Klum and Seal Renew Their Wedding Vows". People. Retrieved 2019.
  45. ^ Lee, Ken (20 November 2009). "Heidi Klum Officially Takes Seal's Last Name". People. Retrieved 2019. A rep for Klum did not comment when asked if [she] intends to be known professionally as Heidi Samuel from now on.
  46. ^ "Seal on his comeback". news.com.au. 11 June 2009. Archived from the original on 16 June 2009.
  47. ^ "Showbiz - News - Klum praises Seal's parenting skills". Digital Spy. 12 February 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  48. ^ KC Baker & Stephen M. Silverman (5 May 2004). "Klum, Dixie Chick Welcome 3 Baby Girls". People. Retrieved 2011.
  49. ^ William Keck (3 December 2007). "Celeb Watch: Heidi Klum relishes her model family life". USA Today. Retrieved 2007.
  50. ^ "Heidi Klum gives birth". The Sydney Morning Herald. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 14 September 2005.
  51. ^ "Seal on being a father and Heidi not being pregnant, for once!". People. 4 November 2007. Retrieved 2019.
  52. ^ "Seal Opens Up About Decision to Adopt Leni". People. Archived from the original on 8 March 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  53. ^ "Klum Names Son After Her Dad and Seal". 14 September 2005. Retrieved 2019.
  54. ^ Stephen M. Silverman (23 November 2006). "Heidi Klum and Seal Have a Boy". People. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 2019.
  55. ^ "Heidi Klum and Seal Welcome Daughter Lou Sulola". People. Archived from the original on 15 October 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  56. ^ Bartolomeo, Joel (22 January 2012). "Seal and Heidi Klum Confirm Separation". People. Retrieved 2019.
  57. ^ "Supermodel Heidi Klum, pop star Seal separate". CNN. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  58. ^ "Heidi Klum Files for Divorce from Seal". People. Retrieved 2018.
  59. ^ "Heidi Klum, Seal's Divorce Is Finalized Two Years After Split". Us Weekly. Retrieved 2018.
  60. ^ "Seal takes heat for serenading Chechen strongman". Billboard. 13 October 2011.
  61. ^ a b "Hilary Swank apologizes - Pleads ignorance; but will she keep the Chechen warlord's money?". Human Rights Foundation. Archived from the original on 17 October 2011.
  62. ^ Masters, Kim (12 October 2011). "Seal's Chechen Leader Birthday Bash Performance Questioned By Human Rights Group". The Hollywood Reporter.
  63. ^ Elder, Miriam (13 October 2011). "Hilary Swank 'regrets' partying with Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov". The Guardian.
  64. ^ Blackwell, Tom (24 October 2011). "Hilary Swank cancels Toronto speech amid controversy over Ramzan Kadyrov birthday appearance". National Post. Retrieved 2011.
  65. ^ a b "Queen 'The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert' video and song lyrics". Ultimatequeen.co.uk. Retrieved 2016.
  66. ^ To Make It Right, Night. "Night To Make It Right After Party". Retrieved 2012.
  67. ^ "Heidi Klum and Seal to show Love's Divine with New Reality Series". TV Guide.
  68. ^ "Past Judges". Independent Music Awards. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  69. ^ Rachel Yang (11 December 2019). "The Masked Singer sends home Thingamajig and Leopard in shocking double elimination! Find out which celebs were under the masks". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2019.
  70. ^ Inc, Nielsen Business Media (4 November 1995). Billboard. p. 20 https://books.google.com/books?id=wg4EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA20 – via Google Books. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  71. ^ "1996 Winners - APRA Music Awards". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) | Australasian Mechanical Copyright Owners Society (AMCOS). Archived from the original on 18 September 2009. Retrieved 2018.
  72. ^ "Seal". 28 November 2017.

External links


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