ScotRail (National Express)
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ScotRail National Express

Scotrail logo.svg
156457 at Oban.jpg
Class 156 at Oban station in June 2005
31 March 1997 - 16 October 2004
Main Region(s)Scotland
Fleet size309
Stations operated336
Route km operated3032.0
National Rail abbreviationSR
Parent companyNational Express

ScotRail[1] was a train operating company in Scotland owned by National Express that operated the ScotRail franchise from March 1997 until October 2004. Prior to March 1997 ScotRail (British Rail) ran the trains and after October 2004 First ScotRail ran them.


ScotRail operated all passenger train services in Scotland, with the exception of the Arriva Trains Northern, GNER, Virgin CrossCountry and Virgin Trains West Coast services from England. ScotRail operated services into England with services to Carlisle and Newcastle, and the Caledonian Sleeper services between Scotland and London.

Rolling stock

ScotRail inherited a fleet of Class 101, Class 117 Class 150, Class 156, Class 158, Class 303, Class 305, Class 314, Class 318 and Class 320s from British Rail as well as Mark 2 carriages and Mark 3 sleepers for use on the Caledonian Sleepers and on some other passenger services.

ScotRail contracted English Welsh & Scottish to haul the Caledonian Sleeper services to London Euston. Class 90s were used south of Edinburgh and Glasgow Central with Class 37s used on the portion to Fort William and Class 47s to Aberdeen and Inverness. From June 2001, Class 67s began to take over.[2] A dedicated pool was created due to the need to fit cast steel brakes.

ScotRail ordered 55 three-carriage Class 170 Turbostars to replace locomotive hauled stock and 40 three-carriage Class 334 Junipers to replace Class 303s.[3][4]

In 2000, two Class 150s were transferred to Arriva Trains Northern.[5] Class 158s were also transferred, four going to Arriva Trains Northern and two to Wessex Trains.[6] The Class 101, Class 303 and Class 305s were all withdrawn.

In December 2001, five Class 322s were sublet from West Anglia Great Northern, they were returned in March 2004.[7] To replace them ex Virgin West Coast Mark 3s were leased, being hauled by EWS Class 90s on North Berwick Line services.[8]

Class Image Type Top speed Built
mph km/h
101 101692 at Arley.JPG Diesel multiple unit 70 112 1956-1960
150 Sprinter 150262 at Cardiff Central.JPG 75 120 1984-1987
156 Super Sprinter 156457 at Oban.jpg 1987-1989
158 Express Sprinter First ScotRail 158709 2005-06-17 01.jpg 90 145 1989-1992
170 Turbostar Spt 170476 glasgow.jpg 100 160 1999-2004
303 Blue Train Class 303 016 at Langside.JPG Electric multiple unit 75 120 1959-1961
305 Scotrail 305501 at Edinburgh Waverly.jpg 1959-1960
314 British Rail Class 314.jpg 1979
318 British Rail Class 318 at Gourock.jpg 90 145 1986-1987
320 SPT320s Helensburgh.JPG 75 120 1990
322 322485 at London Liverpool Street.JPG 100 160
334 Juniper British Rail Class 334 005.jpg 90 145 1999-2002
Mark 2 Carriage ScotRail Mk2 coach at Euston.jpg Passenger rolling stock 100 160 1969-1974
Mark 3 Carriage Fort William sleeper.jpg 125 200 1975-1988


ScotRail's fleet was maintained at Haymarket, Glasgow Shields Road and Inverness depots.


In July 2003, the Scottish Executive and the Strategic Rail Authority announced Arriva, FirstGroup and National Express had been shortlisted to bid for the new franchise.[9] In June 2004, the franchise was awarded to FirstGroup, with the services operated by ScotRail transferring to First ScotRail on 17 October 2004.[10]


  1. ^ "Companies House extract company no 2938994". ScotRail Railways Limited. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Class 47". Archived from the original on 19 August 2012.
  3. ^ "Class 170". Archived from the original on 25 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Class 334". Archived from the original on 7 April 2012.
  5. ^ "Class 150". Archived from the original on 31 October 2012.
  6. ^ "Class 158". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Class 322". Archived from the original on 7 April 2012.
  8. ^ "MK3 DVT Push-Pull". Archived from the original on 13 May 2013.
  9. ^ "Shortlist of ScotRail bidders puts three in the ring". Herald Scotland. 28 October 2003. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016 – via
  10. ^ "FirstGroup clinches Scottish rail franchise". The Daily Telegraph. 12 June 2004. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018.

External links

Preceded by
ScotRail (British Rail)
Operator of ScotRail franchise
1997 - 2004
Succeeded by
First ScotRail

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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