Schweizerischer Vaterlandischer Verband
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Schweizerischer Vaterlandischer Verband

Schweizerischer Vaterländischer Verband (French: Fédération patriotique suisse, Italian: Federazione patriottica svizzera)[1] (Swiss Patriotic Federation or SVV) was a right wing organisation influential in Swiss politics before World War II.

The SVV was set up on 5 April 1919 [2] by Dr. Eugen Bircher as a reaction to the Swiss general strike of 1918 and violent and bloody revolutions and suppressions of these revolutions in nearby regions across the border.[3] It also acted to oppose 'international emigration', which in effect became anti-Semitism, with the group holding The Protocols of the Elders of Zion as fact, alongside a similar work Aufklärung zur Flüchtlingsfrage (Shedding Light on the Refugee Question). Bircher's position as a colonel in the Swiss Army was such that he was able to bring many high-ranking officers in to the SVV, including General of the Swiss Armed Forces Henri Guisan.[] Although not specifically Nazi in its outlook, it nonetheless sought to maintain cordial relations with Nazi Germany.

It was effectively open in its existence, but its membership was largely a closely guarded secret and as such the group became influential in driving government policy. Its influence was such that it was the only organisation with Nazi sympathies that was not closed down by the Swiss Federal Council in 1945. It was not dissolved until after it got caught up in a bribery scandal in 1948.[4]

References

  1. ^ Fédération patriotique suisse
  2. ^ Linhardt, Andreas (2002). Feuerwehr im Luftschutz 1926 - 1945: Die Umstrukturierung des öffentlichen Feuerlöschwesens in Deutschland unter Gesichtspunkten des zivilen Lutschutzes. p. 469. ISBN 978-3831137381.
  3. ^ Thürer, Andreas. "Historischer Lexikon der Schweiz: Schweizerischer Vaterländischer Verband". HLS-DHS-DSS.CH (in German). Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Schweizerischer Vaterländischer Verband". encyclopedia. encyclopedia.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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