Schwa (Cyrillic)
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Schwa Cyrillic
Cyrillic letter schwa
Cyrillic letter Schwa.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
Non-Slavic letters
Archaic letters

Schwa (? ?; italics: ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, derived from the Latin letter schwa. It is currently used in Abkhaz, Bashkir, Dungan, Itelmen, Kalmyk, Kazakh, Kurdish, Uyghur and Tatar. It was also used in Azeri, Karakalpak, and Turkmen before those languages switched to the Latin alphabet. The Azeri and some other Latin-derived alphabets contain a letter of similar appearance (?/?).


In many Turkic languages such as Azeri, Bashkir, Kazakh, Uyghur and Tatar, as well as the Kalmyk and Khinalug languages, it represents the near-open front unrounded vowel /æ/, like the pronunciation of ⟨a⟩ in "cat". It is often transliterated as ⟨ä⟩; however, in Kazakh, it was transliterated as Á.

In Dungan, it represents the close-mid back unrounded vowel /?/.

In Kurdish it represents the schwa /?/ or the sound /?~a/.

In Abkhaz, it is a modifier letter, which represents labialization of the preceding consonant /?/. Digraphs with ⟨?⟩ are treated as letters and given separate positions in the Abkhaz alphabet. It is transliterated into Latin as a high ring ⟨?⟩.

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ә ә
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1240 U+04D8 1241 U+04D9
UTF-8 211 152 D3 98 211 153 D3 99
Numeric character reference Ә Ә ә ә


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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