Saqqez
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Saqqez
Saqqez

, Seqiz
City
Saqqez in the evening
Saqqez in the evening
Saqqez is located in Iran
Saqqez
Saqqez
Coordinates: 36°14?47?N 46°15?59?E / 36.24639°N 46.26639°E / 36.24639; 46.26639Coordinates: 36°14?47?N 46°15?59?E / 36.24639°N 46.26639°E / 36.24639; 46.26639
Country Iran
ProvinceKurdistan
CountySaqqez
BakhshCentral
Government
 o MayorChiya Salehibabamiry
Elevation
1,476 m (4,843 ft)
Population
(2016 Census)
 o Total165,258 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Saqqez (Persian: ‎), also known as Saghez, Saqez, Saqqiz, Saqiz, and Sak?z,[2] is a city which is the capital of Saqqez County, Kurdistan Province, Iran. According to the 2016 census, its population was 165258.

The spoken language in the city is Kurdish, but the language which is used in schools and offices is Farsi.

History

The Kurds have lived in Saqqez and its surrounding area since about 1000 BC. By the mid-seventh century BC the Scythians reached their zenith in western Asia under Bartatua, and the Saqqez region was their political center.[3] During the pre-Islamic era Saqqez and its surrounding area made up a small country, Sagapeni, believed to be related to the ancient Iranian Sakas (Scythians) from which the city's name derives. Saqqez has two parts: historic and new.

Covered row of stores
Jewish bazaar in Saqqez
Rear area of buildings, with two trees
Naqshbandi Khanqahh in the Saqqez bazaar

Wildlife

Grassy plain, with low mountains in the background
Kamatouh plain

Saqqez has a variety of wildlife, including bears (wrch), wolves, squirrels, partridge, eagles, foxes, antelope, quail and hogs.

Climate

At an altitude of 1,476 metres (4,842 feet), Saqqez has a Mediterranean continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa) with hot, very dry summers and cold, snowy winters. Summers feature large diurnal temperature variation due to decreased air density at high altitude and low humidity. In 1969 Saqqez recorded a temperature of -36 °C (-33 °F), the lowest ever recorded by an Iranian weather station until Kheirabad Zanjan recorded -36.4 °C (-33.5 °F) on January 29, 1997.[4][5] Saqqez again reached −36 °C. during the February 3-9 1972 Iran blizzard. Saqqez unofficially reached -45.8 °C (-50.4 °F) in December 2006 and -42.3 °C (-44.1 °F) in January 2007, the lowest temperatures recorded in an Iranian city.[6][7]

Climate data for Saqqez, Iran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
20
(68)
24
(75)
29
(84)
34.4
(93.9)
39
(102)
43
(109)
42
(108)
39
(102)
32
(90)
26
(79)
22.2
(72.0)
43
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
4.7
(40.5)
11.0
(51.8)
17.3
(63.1)
23.1
(73.6)
29.8
(85.6)
34.3
(93.7)
34.2
(93.6)
29.8
(85.6)
22.2
(72.0)
13.4
(56.1)
6.1
(43.0)
19.03
(66.25)
Average low °C (°F) -8.1
(17.4)
-6.7
(19.9)
-1.2
(29.8)
3.6
(38.5)
6.6
(43.9)
9.5
(49.1)
14.0
(57.2)
13.4
(56.1)
8.3
(46.9)
4.4
(39.9)
-0.3
(31.5)
-4.6
(23.7)
3.24
(37.83)
Record low °C (°F) -33
(-27)
-36
(-33)
-27.6
(-17.7)
-9
(16)
-5
(23)
-0.6
(30.9)
3.8
(38.8)
4.8
(40.6)
-0.4
(31.3)
-7
(19)
-24
(-11)
-32
(-26)
-36
(-33)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 66.6
(2.62)
58.7
(2.31)
79.5
(3.13)
83.6
(3.29)
52.0
(2.05)
5.8
(0.23)
2.9
(0.11)
2.5
(0.10)
1.4
(0.06)
27.8
(1.09)
56.9
(2.24)
61.7
(2.43)
499.4
(19.66)
Average precipitation days 8.5 8.3 10.0 9.8 7.0 1.2 0.7 0.6 0.5 4.3 6.2 8.1 65.2
Average relative humidity (%) 73 70 64 58 52 40 35 33 33 47 63 71 53
Mean monthly sunshine hours 121.5 142.2 177.4 213.1 287.1 345.1 357.4 344.3 311.1 254.3 174.1 123.4 2,851
Source: Synoptic Stations Statistics

Gallery

References

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Saqqez can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3082379" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ The Cambridge ancient history, Volume 3, Part 2, By Cambridge University Press, see page 565, ISBN 0-521-22717-8
  4. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/08/feb/1191.html
  5. ^ http://www.irimo.ir/english/monthly&annual/map/province/zanjan.asp Archived 2011-06-15 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ http://www.irimo.ir Iranian Meteorological Organisation's "Century weather stats data bank"

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Saqqez
 



 



 
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