San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte
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San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte
San Nicolas
Municipality of San Nicolas
Robinsons Place Ilocos Norte
Robinsons Place Ilocos Norte
Official seal of San Nicolas
Map of Ilocos Norte with San Nicolas highlighted
Map of Ilocos Norte with San Nicolas highlighted
San Nicolas is located in Philippines
San Nicolas
San Nicolas
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°10?21?N 120°35?45?E / 18.1725°N 120.59583°E / 18.1725; 120.59583Coordinates: 18°10?21?N 120°35?45?E / 18.1725°N 120.59583°E / 18.1725; 120.59583
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region
ProvinceIlocos Norte
District2nd District
Barangays24 (see Barangays)
 o Type
 o MayorAlfredo P. Valdez Jr.
 o Vice MayorEdistio P. Valdez
 o CongressmanEugenio Angelo M. Barba
 o Electorate24,507 voters (2019)
 o Total40.18 km2 (15.51 sq mi)
(2015 census)[3]
 o Total36,736
 o Density910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
+63 (0)77
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Income class2nd municipal income class
Revenue (?)143,379,358.85 (2016)
Native languagesIlocano

San Nicolas (Ilocano: Ili ti San Nicolas; Filipino: Bayan ng San Nicolas), officially the Municipality of San Nicolas, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 36,736 people.[3]


The present name of San Nicolas was given in the year 1733, after Saint Nicholas de Tolentino who was believed to have protected the people against floods, earthquakes, fires, typhoons and other calamities. It is significant that in Ilocos Norte, only San Nicolas was named after a Saint.

Like any other town in the ancient province of (Ilocos Province)San Nicolas was established by (Augustinian)missionaries. Vigan, the first Spanish mission center in this region, was founded in 1575. In the year 1572, when the Spaniards first explored the Laoag (Padsan) River, they met hostile resistance from the natives of San Nicolas and Laoag. In another expedition dispatched from Vigan in 1584 San Nicolas was established and Laoag followed a year later.

San Nicolas Catholic Church built in 1701 is one of the oldest buildings in this province. Its original structure is one of the must see places of the town. The Church and the attached Santa Rosa Academy Building, the well preserved Municipal Hall and the old Town Plaza sprawled between them constitute the heart of the town center. These buildings and structures are originally built and continue to be festooned with earthen bricks, which is among the products of the surviving local.


San Nicolas is 484 kilometres (301 mi) from Metro Manila and 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Laoag City, the provincial capital.


The Municipality of San Nicolas is politically divided into 24 barangays:

Names of Barangay Type BarangayNo. Local Names
San Agustin Rural 21 Bugnay
San Baltazar Urban 2
San Bartolome Urban 4
San Cayetano Urban 12
San Eugenio Urban 13
San Fernando Urban 11
San Francisco Urban 1
San Gregorio Urban 14
San Guillermo Rural 22 Catuguing
San Ildefonso Urban 3
San Jose Urban 15
San Juan Bautista Urban 6
San Lucas Urban 9
San Marcos Rural 16 Payas
San Miguel Urban 7
San Pablo Rural 20
San Paulo Urban 10
San Pedro Rural 18 Bingao
San Lorenzo Rural 19
Santa Monica Rural 24 Nagrebcan
Santa Cecilia Rural 23 Barabar
Santa Asuncion Rural 17 Samac
San Silvestre Urban 5
San Rufino Urban 8


San Nicolas has a tropical savanna climate with warm to hot temperatures year round. Temperatures dips sightly during the winter months between December to February.

Climate data for San Nicolas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.4
Average low °C (°F) 18.8
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.8
Average rainy days 1 1 1 2 8 15 17 20 15 8 5 2 95
Source: PAG-ASA[4]


In the 2015 census, the population of San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte, was 36,736 people,[3] with a density of 910 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,400 inhabitants per square mile.


Christianity is the predominant religion in the Philippines and is likewise the same in San Nicolas. Among the Christian denominations, the Catholic and Philippine Independent Churches make up the majority. Other Christian denominations represented in the town include Baptists, Pentecostals, Mormons, Charismatics and Jehovah's Witnesses. Below are the religious building situated in San Nicolas:

  • Calvary Baptist Church (Barangay 14)
  • Everlasting Baptist Church (Barangay 15)
  • Free Gospel Church (Barangay 2)
  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses (Barangay2)
  • Saint Nicholas de Tolentino Parish Church (Barangay3)
  • Iglesia Filipina Independiente (Barangay3)
  • Church of Jesus Latter-Day Saints (Barangay2)
  • Church of Jesus Latter-Day Saints (Barangay21)
  • Iglesia ni Cristo (Barangay1)
  • Jesus is Lord (Barangay12)


Pottery making is the main trademark of San Nicolas. It was introduced by the Spaniards mainly in Barangay 8, and they called it Alfareria, meaning "Art of Pottery". Other traditional crafts include the making of Tagapulot, Lapida, Chicharon and Longganisa. The town also has a large ricefields.

San Nicolas is known for its car stores and sales. In Ilocos Norte, San Nicolas is the only one who has new car dealers. There are also many businesses inside Robinson's Mall and SM Save More.

Local government

Municipal Mayor: Alfredo P. Valdez, Jr.
Municipal Vice Mayor: Edistio P. Valdez

Municipal Councilors:

  • Angel Miguel L. Hernando
  • Moera Joy N. Galing-Luna
  • Joseph Lister B. Butay
  • Ariel B. Villa
  • Norberto D. Dadiz, Sr.
  • Erico R. Ruiz, Jr.
  • Luciano R. Caraang
  • Jessie Julito P. Pumaras, Sr.

ABC President: Juanito P. Ulep, Jr.

PPSK President: Inno Ma. Angelo Paulo O. Hernando

Government seal

Shield, derived from the Provincial Seal of Ilocos Norte

Gear, symbolizes the systematic livelihood of the people of San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte

Tong and Hammer, represents the blacksmithing and labor

Jar, signifies the pottery industry which dates back to the Spanish time

Hide, denotes tannoing and leather craft

Water, represents the irrigation system that produces two croppings a year

Carabao Head, the common work-animal; friend of the farmer; symbolizes agriculture


San Nicolas is a place of historic buildings. Examples are San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Church and San Nicolas Municipal Hall.

  • Damili Festival- A festival annually celebrated at the last week of December to showcase the tradition of San Nicolenos. And the highlights of the festival is the Damili Street Daance and Showdown Competition usually held every December 28.
  • Valdez Center-The biggest project of Venvi Group of Companies. Robinsons Mall, 365 Plaza, Freddo, Balai Condominium, and McDonald's San Nicolas, Venvi IT Park (Accenrture, a BPO Company), VYV San Nicolas (EGS, a BPO Company) are situated here. More infrastructure is seen to rise in this place. this is the center of business in San Nicolas and also business center of Ilocos Norte.
  • Robinsons Ilocos Norte -The first full-operating mall in the province, was built in San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte. Opening last December 3, 2009, it makes a good income to the town and the province. Last December 18, 2012 the mall expansion was announced.
  • Northwestern University Ecotourism Park and Botanical Gardens-A member of the Botanic Garden Conservation International (BGCI), which caters to the conservation of important indigenous plant species of the province which are now on the verge of extinction.
  • St. Nicholas de Tolentino Parish Church
  • San Nicolas Town Plaza
  • Buabo-Buabo
  • Valdes Residencia
  • Valdez-Lardizabal House - used in World War II as a Headquarters of the Japanese Army and also used in the American Regime.
  • San Nicolas Municipal Hall


High Schools

  • San Nicolas National High School (SNNHS) - is the most popular high school destination for teens living in the urban-part of the town. It is also the most populated school in San Nicolas. As of S.Y. 2015-2016 the school's attendance is than 1,500 of students. The school offers various curriculum. (Special Science Curriculum, SPA, Open High, SPED, and Regular)
  • Bingao National High School - formerly SNNHS Bingao Campus. But last June 9, 2015,the school was announced to be a different school from SNNHS.
  • Santa Rosa Academy - the least populated school in San Nicolas and town's only private and Catholic School. Named after St. Rose of Lima, the patron saint of one of its founders. It is one of the oldest schools in the Diocese of Laoag. It was established in 1936 by the late Msgr. Fidel Albano, together with the late Miss Rosa Valdes, Mrs. Teresa Llopis Zabala and Miss Castora Bonoan.

Elementary Schools

  • San Nicolas Elementary School - also known as Central School, located at Barangay3.
  • Eladio V. Barangan Memorial Elementary School - Located at Barangay14
  • Cayetano Bumanglag Memorial Elementary School - Formerly Payas Elementary School, located at Barangay16
  • Catuguing Elementary School - Located at Barangay22
  • Asuncion Elementary School - Located at Barangay17
  • Bugnay Elementary School - Located at Barangay21
  • Bingao Elementary School - Located at Barangay18
  • Filipinas East Elementary School - Formerly Filipinas Elementary School-Main Campus and located at Barangay7 (East)
  • Filipnas West Elementary School - Formerly Filipinas Elementary School-Annex Campus and located at Barangay7 (West)
  • Pasion Barangan Memorial Elementary School - Located at Barangay24
  • Barabar Elementary School - Located at Barangay23

Health facilities

  • The Black Nazarene Hospital, Inc - located in Barangay 2
  • Municipal Health Center - located in Barangay 3
  • Gertes Hospital - located in Barangay 15
  • Mamaclay Clinic - located in Barangay 7


Basketball is widely played in the town.Every year,there is a competition in Basketball sponsored by the local government.As the countries' National Game, Sepak Takraw is also played.Volleyball,Baseball,Softball and Badminton is also played mainly in schools.

Sister cities


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Ilocos Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "Climatic Normals of the Philippines (1951-1985) (PAGASA 1987)" (PDF). PAGASSA. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903-2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Ilocos Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 2016.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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