San Bartolomeo All'Isola
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San Bartolomeo All'Isola
Basilica of St. Bartholomew on the Island
Basilica di San Bartolomeo all'Isola
Basilica S. Bartholomaei in Insula
San Bartolomeo all'isola September 2015-1.jpg
Façade of San Bartolomeo all'Isola on the Tiber Island
Religion
AffiliationRoman Catholic
RiteOriental rite
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusMinor basilica, Rectory church
LeadershipCardinal Blase Joseph Cupich[1]
Year consecrated10th Century
Location
LocationTiber Island, Rome, Italy
San Bartolomeo all'Isola is located in Rome
San Bartolomeo all'Isola
Shown within Rome
San Bartolomeo all'Isola is located in Rome
San Bartolomeo all'Isola
San Bartolomeo all'Isola (Rome)
Geographic coordinates41°53?25?N 12°28?42?E / 41.89028°N 12.47833°E / 41.89028; 12.47833Coordinates: 41°53?25?N 12°28?42?E / 41.89028°N 12.47833°E / 41.89028; 12.47833
Architecture
TypeChurch
Specifications
Direction of façadeNorthwest
Length45 metres (148 ft)
Width22 metres (72 ft)
Width (nave)12 metres (39 ft)
Website
www.sanbartolomeo.org

The Basilica of St. Bartholomew on the Island (Italian: Basilica di San Bartolomeo all'Isola, Latin: Basilica S. Bartholomaei in Insula) is a titular minor basilica, located in Rome, Italy. It was founded in 998 by Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor and contains relics of St. Bartholomew the Apostle.[2] It is located on Tiber Island, on the site of the former temple of Aesculapius, which had cleansed the island of its former ill-repute among the Romans and established its reputation as a hospital, continued under Christian auspices today.

Its Cardinal priest has been Cardinal Blase Cupich since 19 November 2016.

Basilica di San Bartolomeo all'Isola, with the Torre dei Caetani behind

History

In Roman times, the Temple of Aesculapius stood on the site of the modern church. The entire Isola Tiberina had actually been covered in marble in an effort to make the island look like a ship. The prow can still be seen today.[3]

Emperor Otto built this church, which was initially dedicated to his friend Adalbert of Prague. It was renovated by Pope Paschal II in 1113 and again in 1180, after its rededication upon the arrival of the relics of the apostle Bartholomew. The relics were sent to Rome from Benevento, where they had arrived from Armenia in 809. The relics are located within an ancient Roman porphyry bathtub with lions' heads, under the main altar. The marble wellhead bears the figures of the Savior, Adalbert and Bartholomew and Otto III.

The church was badly damaged by a flood in 1557 and was reconstructed, with its present Baroque façade, in 1624, to designs of Orazio Torriani. Further restorations were undertaken in 1852. The interior of the church preserves fourteen ancient Roman columns and two lion supports that date from the earliest reconstruction of the basilica.

The inscriptions found in S. Bartolomeo, a valuable source illustrating the history of the Basilica, have been collected and published by Vincenzo Forcella.[4]

In 2000, San Bartolomeo was dedicated by Pope John Paul II to the memory of the new martyrs of the 20th and 21st century.

Exterior

In the center of the piazzetta before the church is a four-sided guglia with saints in niches by the sculptor Ignazio Jacometti, erected here in 1869.

The 12th-century tower near the church, the Torre dei Caetani, is all that remains of the medieval castello erected on the island by the Pierleoni.

Interior

San Bartolomeo houses the memorial to new martyrs of the 20th and 21st century, which was dedicated by Pope John Paul II in 2000. This memorial is taken care of by the Community of Sant'Egidio, who also painted the icon on the main altar. One of the relics that are kept as part of the memorial is the piece of rock that was used in 1984 to kill Blessed Jerzy Popie?uszko.[5]

List of Cardinal priests

San Bartolomeo all'Isola was established as a titulus (Titulus S. Bartholomaei in Insula) of a Cardinal Priest by Pope Leo X on 6 July 1517.[6] The current holder of the title is Cardinal Blase J. Cupich, Archbishop of Chicago.

References

  1. ^ "Titular churches and diaconates of the new cardinals, 19.11.2016" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 19 November 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ S. Prete, "Reliquie e culto di S. Bartolomeo ap. dal Medio Oriente a Roma all'Isola Tiberina", Studi e Ricerche sull'Oriente Cristiano, Rome 5.3 (1982:173-181)
  3. ^ "Isola Tiberina Is Adorably Tiny, Old & Roman". The Huffington Post. Huffington Post. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ V. Forcella, Inscrizioni delle chese e d' altre edifici di Roma, dal secolo XI fino al secolo XVI Volume IV (Roma: Fratelli Bencini, 1874), pp. 527-540.
  5. ^ "Father Popieluszko in Rome pantheon of modern martyrs". thenews.pl. Polskie Radio S.A. 12 August 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ David M. Cheney, Catholic-Hierarchy: San Bartolomeo all'Isola. Retrieved: 03/09/2016.
  • Touring Club Italiano (TCI), 1965. Roma e dintorni

External links

Further reading

  • Richiello, Maria. S. Bartolomeo all'Isola: storia e restauro (Rome) 2001.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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