Samuel of Speyer
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Samuel of Speyer

Samuel ben Kalonymus he-Hasid of Speyer (Hebrew: ‎), was a Tosafist, liturgical poet, and philosopher of the 12th century, surnamed also "the Prophet" (Solomon Luria, Responsa, No. 29). He seems to have lived in Spain and in France. He is quoted in the tosafot to Yebamot (61b) and So?ah (12a), as well as by Samuel b. Meïr (RaSHBaM) in his commentary on Arbe Pesa?im (Pes. 109a).[1]

He was the first of the Chassidei Ashkenaz, and the father of Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg.

Samuel was the author of a commentary on the treatise Tamid, mentioned by Abraham b. David in his commentary thereon, and of a liturgical poem, entitled Shir ha-Yi?ud, divided into seven parts corresponding to the seven days of the week. This poem is a philosophical hymn on the unity of God, for which Ibn Gabirol's Keter Malkut served as the basis. Like the latter, Samuel he-?asid treats of the divine nature from the negative side, that is to say, from the point of view that God is not like man. The Hebrew, if not very poetical, is pure; but foreign words are used for the philosophical terms. The recitation of the poem was forbidden by Solomon Luria; but other rabbis, among whom was Samuel Judah Katzenellenbogen, who wrote a commentary on it, decided to the contrary. On the different opinions concerning the authorship of the Shir ha-Yi?ud see L. Dukes in Orient, Lit. vii., cols. 483, 484.[1]

According to legend, he was said to have created a golem which accompanied him on his travels and served him, but could not speak.[2]

Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography

External links


  1. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901-1906). "SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HE-?ASID OF SPEYER". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Trachtenberg, Joshua (2004) [Originally published 1939]. Jewish Magic and Superstition. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 85. ISBN 9780812218626.

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