Salonica Vilayet
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Salonica Vilayet

Vilâyet-i Selânik
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire
Salonica Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (1900).png
The Salonica Vilayet in 1900
o 1911[2]
o Established
Today part of Greece
 North Macedonia
Contemporary Ottoman map of the Salonica Vilayet

The Vilayet of Salonica[3] (Ottoman Turkish: ‎, Vilâyet-i Selânik) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire from 1867[4] to 1912. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 12,950 square miles (33,500 km2).[5]

The vilayet was bounded by the Principality (later Kingdom), of Bulgaria on the north; Eastern Rumelia on the northeast (after the Treaty of Berlin); Edirne Vilayet on the east; the Aegean Sea on the south; Monastir Vilayet and the independent sanjak of Serfije on the west (after 1881); the Kosovo Vilayet on the northwest.

The vilayet consisted of present Central and Eastern parts of Greek Macedonia and Pirin Macedonia in Bulgaria. Present Pirin Macedonia part of it was administrated as kazas of Cuma-y? Bala, Petriç, Nevrekop, Menlik, Ropçoz and Razl?k.[] It was dissolved after Balkan Wars and divided among Kingdom of Greece, Kingdom of Serbia and Tsardom of Bulgaria in 1913.

Administrative divisions

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[6]

1) Sanjak of Selanik (Thessaloniki, Kesendire, Karaferye, Vodina, Yenice-i Vardar, Langaza, K?lk (It was also called Avrathisar), Katrin, Aynaroz, Doyran, Usturumca, Tikve?, Gevgili)

2) Sanjak of Siroz (Serez, Zihne, Demirhisar, Razl?k, Cuma-y? Bala, Menlik, Nevrekop)

3) Sanjak of Drama (Drama, Kavala, Saraban, Ta?oz (It was later promoted to sanjak), Pravi?te, Dövlen)

4) Sanjak of Ta?oz (It was initially part of Sanjak of Drama, its center was Vulgaro)


According to the 1881/82-1893 Ottoman census the vilayet had a total population of 1.009.992 people, ethnically consisting as:[7]

According to the 1906/07 Ottoman census the vilayet had a total population of 921,359 people, ethnically consisting as:[8]

  • Muslims - 419.604
  • Orthodox Greeks - 263.881
  • Orthodox Bulgarians - 155.710
  • Jews - 52.395
  • Wallachians (Vlachs) - 20.486
  • Gypsies - 4.736
  • Catholic Greeks - 2.693
  • Oriental Armenians - 637
  • Protestants - 329
  • Catholic Armenians - 58
  • Latins - 31
  • Syrians - 4
  • Foreign citizens - 795

According to an estimate by Aram Andonian in 1908 there was the following ethnic distribution in the vilayet:[9]

  • Orthodox Bulgarians - 446,050
  • Muslim Turks - 333,440
  • Orthodox Greeks - 168,500
  • Muslim Bulgarians - 98,590
  • Jews - 55,320
  • Orthodox Vlachs - 24,970
  • Muslim Gypsies - 22,200
  • Mixed - 16,320



  1. ^ Geographical Dictionary of the World, p. 1626, at Google Books
  2. ^ Teaching Modern Southeast European History Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine. Alternative Educational Materials, p. 26
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Macedonia" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ Rumelia at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. ^ Europe by Éliseé Reclus, page 152
  6. ^ Selanik Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  7. ^ Kemal Karpat (1985), Ottoman Population, 1830-1914, Demographic and Social Characteristics, The University of Wisconsin Press, p. 158-159
  8. ^ Kemal Karpat (1985), Ottoman Population, 1830-1914, Demographic and Social Characteristics, The University of Wisconsin Press, p. 168-169
  9. ^ Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913; Edward J. Erickson; Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003; p.41


External links

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