Sadiq Khan
Get Sadiq Khan essential facts below. View Videos or join the Sadiq Khan discussion. Add Sadiq Khan to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Sadiq Khan

Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan 2020.png
Khan in 2020
Mayor of London

9 May 2016
Boris Johnson
Member of Parliament
for Tooting

5 May 2005 - 9 May 2016
Tom Cox
Rosena Allin-Khan
Personal details
Sadiq Aman Khan

(1970-10-08) 8 October 1970 (age 50)
Tooting, London, England
Political partyLabour
Saadiya Ahmed
(m. 1994)
Alma materUniversity of North London
University of Law
AwardsSitara-e-Imtiaz (2018)
WebsiteOfficial website

Sadiq Aman Khan (; born 8 October 1970) is a British politician serving as Mayor of London since 2016. He previously was Member of Parliament (MP) for Tooting from 2005 until 2016. A member of the Labour Party, Khan is on the party's soft left and has been ideologically characterised as a social democrat.

Born in Tooting, South London, to a working-class British Pakistani family, Khan earned a law degree from the University of North London. He subsequently worked as a solicitor specialising in human rights issues and chaired the Liberty advocacy group for three years. Joining the Labour Party, Khan was a councillor for the London Borough of Wandsworth from 1994 to 2006 before being elected MP for Tooting at the 2005 general election. He was openly critical of several policies of Labour Prime Minister Tony Blair, including the 2003 invasion of Iraq and new anti-terror legislation. Under Blair's successor Gordon Brown, Khan was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government in 2008, later becoming Minister of State for Transport. A key ally of the next Labour leader, Ed Miliband, he served in Miliband's Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Secretary of State for Justice, Shadow Lord Chancellor and Shadow Minister for London.

Khan was elected Mayor of London at the 2016 mayoral election, defeating the Conservative candidate Zac Goldsmith, and resigned as an MP. As Mayor, he implemented the Hopper fare for unlimited bus and tram journeys for an hour, increased the cost and the area covered by the London congestion charge, and introduced new charges (the ULEZ and the T-Charge) for older and more polluting vehicles driving in the city. He also backed expansion at London City Airport and Gatwick Airport. He was a vocal supporter of the unsuccessful Britain Stronger in Europe and People's Vote campaigns for the UK to remain in the European Union, and attracted international attention for his Twitter arguments with United States President Donald Trump. He established the Commission for Diversity in the Public Realm following the 2020 George Floyd protests. Although Khan initially froze some Transport for London (TfL) fares, he has implemented transport fare rises since 2021 in return for a £1.6 billion bailout from the UK Government during the COVID-19 pandemic. He was re-elected as Mayor in May 2021, defeating the Conservative candidate Shaun Bailey.

He has been included in the Time 100 list of most influential people in the world.[1] Khan has been praised for making London's transport more accessible and reducing the number of polluting vehicles in central London;[2][3] however, he has been criticised for the rise in knife crime in the city and, mostly by those on the political right, for his response to crime in general.

Early life

Sadiq Aman Khan[4] was born on 8 October 1970 at St George's Hospital in Tooting, South London to a working-class Sunni Muslim family.[5][6][7] His grandparents migrated from Lucknow in United Provinces, British India to Pakistan following the partition of India in 1947.[5][8] His father Amanullah and mother Sehrun arrived in London from Pakistan in 1968.[8][9] Khan was the fifth of eight children, seven of whom were boys.[9] In London, Amanullah worked as a bus driver and Sehrun as a seamstress.[10][5]

Khan and his siblings grew up in a three-bedroom council flat on the Henry Prince Estate in Earlsfield.[11] He attended Fircroft Primary School and then Ernest Bevin School, a local comprehensive.[11] Khan studied science and mathematics at A-level, in the hope of eventually becoming a dentist. A teacher recommended that he read law instead, as he had an argumentative personality. The teacher's suggestion, along with the American television programme L.A. Law, inspired Khan to do so. He read Law at the University of North London (now London Metropolitan University).[5] His parents later moved out of their council flat and purchased their own home.[11] Like his brothers, Khan was a fan of sport, particularly enjoying football, cricket, and boxing.[11]

From his earliest years, Khan worked: "I was surrounded by my mum and dad working all the time, so as soon as I could get a job, I got a job. I got a paper round, a Saturday job--some summers I laboured on a building site."[5] The family continues to send money to relatives in Pakistan, "because we're blessed being in this country." He and his family often encountered racism, which led to him and his brothers taking up boxing at the Earlsfield Amateur Boxing Club.[5] While studying for his degree, between the ages of 18 and 21, he had a Saturday job at the Peter Jones department store in Sloane Square.[12]

Legal career

Before entering the House of Commons in 2005, Khan practised as a solicitor.[13] After completing his law degree in 1991, Khan took his Law Society finals at the College of Law in Guildford.[14][15] In 1994 he married Saadiya Ahmed, who was also a solicitor.[11]

Also in 1994, Khan became a trainee solicitor at a firm of solicitors called Christian Fisher;[13] the firm undertook mainly legal aid cases. The partners were Michael Fisher and Louise Christian.[16] Khan became a partner at the firm in 1997,[13] and like Christian, specialised in human rights law.[5] When Fisher left in 2002, the firm was renamed Christian Khan.[13][16][17] Khan left the firm in 2004, after he became the prospective Labour candidate for the Tooting parliamentary constituency.[13]

During his legal career, he acted in actions against employment and discrimination law, judicial reviews, inquests, the police, and crime, and was involved in cases including the following:

  • Bubbins vs The United Kingdom (European Court of Human Rights - shooting of an unarmed individual by police marksmen)[18]
  • HSU and Thompson v Met Police (wrongful arrest/police damages)[19]
  • Reeves v Met Police (duty of care to prisoners)[20]
  • Murray v CAB (discrimination)[21]
  • Ahmed v University of Oxford (racial discrimination against a student)[22]
  • Dr Jadhav v Secretary of State for Health (racial discrimination in the employment of Indian doctors by the health service)[23]
  • CI Logan v Met Police (racial discrimination)[24]
  • Supt Dizaei v Met Police (police damages, discrimination)[25]
  • Inquest into the death of David Rocky Bennett (use of restraints)[26]
  • Lead solicitor on Mayday demonstration 2001 test case litigation (Human Rights Act)[27]
  • Farrakhan v Home Secretary (Human Rights Act): in 2001, Khan represented the American Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan in the High Court and overturned a ban on him entering the United Kingdom, first imposed in 1986. The government subsequently won on appeal.[28][29]
  • In February 2000, Khan represented a group of Kurdish actors who were arrested by Metropolitan Police during a rehearsal of the Harold Pinter play Mountain Language, securing £150,000 in damages for the group for their wrongful arrest and the trauma caused by the arrest.[30]
  • McDowell and Taylor v Met Police: Leroy McDowell and Wayne Taylor successfully sued the Metropolitan Police for assault and false imprisonment.[31]
  • Represented Maajid Nawaz, Reza Pankhurst and Ian Nisbet in Egyptian court when they were arrested on charges of trying to revive Hizb ut-Tahrir.[32][33]

Parliamentary career

First term: 2005-2010

Sadiq Khan in 2009

Before entering Parliament, Khan represented Tooting as a councillor on Wandsworth Council from 1994 to 2006,[34] and was granted the title of Honorary Alderman of Wandsworth upon his retirement from local politics.[35]

In 2003, Tooting Constituency Labour Party decided to open its parliamentary selection to all interested candidates, including the incumbent MP since 1974, Tom Cox. This prompted Cox, then in his mid-70s, to announce his retirement rather than risk de-selection. In the subsequent selection contest, Khan defeated five other local candidates to become Labour's candidate for the seat. He was elected to Parliament at the 2005 general election.

Khan was one of the Labour MPs who led the successful opposition to Prime Minister Tony Blair's proposed introduction of 90 days' detention without charge for those suspected of terrorism offences.[36] In recognition of this, The Spectator--a right-wing magazine then edited by Boris Johnson--awarded him the "Newcomer of the Year Award" at the 2005 Parliamentarian of the Year Awards.[36] The magazine's editorial board stated that he had received the award "for the tough-mindedness and clarity with which he has spoken about the very difficult issues of Islamic terror".[37] In August 2006, he was a signatory of an open letter to Tony Blair that was signed by prominent Muslims and published in The Guardian. The letter criticised UK foreign policy and in particular the 2003 invasion of Iraq, stating that Blair's policies had caused great harm to civilians in the Middle East and provided "ammunition to extremists who threaten us all".[38][39]

Khan meeting with British troops stationed in Kabul, Afghanistan in 2008

Khan had to repay £500 in expenses in 2007 in relation to a newsletter sent to constituents featuring a 'Labour rose', which was deemed to be unduly prominent. While the content of the newsletter was not deemed to be party political, the rose logo was found to be unduly prominent which may have had the effect of promoting a political party. There was no suggestion that Khan had deliberately or dishonestly compiled his expenses claims, which were not explicitly disallowed under the rules at that time. The rules were retrospectively changed disallowing the claim, which had previously been approved by the House of Commons authorities.[40][41]

On 3 February 2008, The Sunday Times[42] claimed that a conversation between Khan and prisoner Babar Ahmad - a constituent accused of involvement in terrorism - at Woodhill Prison in Milton Keynes had been bugged by the Metropolitan Police Anti-Terrorist Branch.[43] An inquiry was launched by the Justice Secretary, Jack Straw.[43] There was concern that the bugging contravened the Wilson Doctrine that police should not bug MPs. The report concluded that the doctrine did not apply because it affected only bugging requiring approval by the Home Secretary, while in Khan's case the monitoring was authorised by a senior police officer. The Home Secretary, Jacqui Smith, then announced a further policy review and said the bugging of discussions between MPs and their constituents should be banned.[44]

In June 2007, Blair stood down as both Prime Minister and Labour Party leader, to be replaced by Gordon Brown. Brown thought highly of Khan, who moved up the parliamentary ranks under Brown's Premiership.[38] Brown made Khan a party whip, who was therefore charged with ensuring that Labour-sponsored legislation made it through the parliamentary process to become law.[38] In July 2008, Khan helped push through a government proposal to permit the detention of those suspected of terror offences for 42 days without charge.[38] For his part in this, Khan was criticised by Liberty's Shami Chakrabarti and others, who claimed that Khan had contravened his principles on civil liberties issues.[38]

Sadiq Khan speaking in 2011

On Prime Minister Gordon Brown's Cabinet reshuffle of 3 October 2008, Khan was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government.[38][45][46]

In 2008, the Fabian Society published Khan's book, Fairness Not Favours. In this work, Khan argued that the Labour Party had to reconnect with British Muslims, arguing that it had lost the trust of this community as a result of the Iraq War.[47] He also said that British Muslims had their own part to play in reconnecting with politicians, arguing that they needed to rid themselves of a victim mentality and take greater responsibility for their own community.[48] In the House of Commons in January 2009, Khan criticised Pope Benedict XVI for the rehabilitation of Bishop Richard Williamson following his remarks about the Holocaust, a move he described as "highly unsavoury" and of "great concern".[49]

In June 2009 he was promoted to Minister of State for Transport.[48][46][50] In what was believed to be a first for an MP, Khan used his Twitter account to self-announce his promotion.[51] Though Khan was not a member of the cabinet, he attended meetings for agenda items covering his policy area,[52] thus becoming the first Muslim to sit in on the British Cabinet.[48] As Transport Minister, Khan supported plans to expand Heathrow Airport with the addition of a third runway.[53]

During this period, Khan served as chairman of the socialist Fabian Society,[54] remaining on its executive committee. In 2009, he won the Jenny Jeger Award (Best Fabian Pamphlet) for his writing "Fairness not Favours: How to re-connect with British Muslims".[55][56]

In March 2010, Khan publicly stated that for a second successive year he would not be taking a pay rise as an MP or Minister, declaring "At a time when many people in Tooting and throughout the country are having to accept pay freezes I don't think it's appropriate for MPs to accept a pay rise."[57]

Second and third term: 2010-2016

In 2010, Khan was re-elected as the MP for Tooting despite a swing against his party of 3.6% and a halving of his previous majority.[58] His campaign in Tooting had been supported by Harris Bokhari, who reportedly used anti-Ahmadiyya sentiment to mobilise Muslim voters at a mosque in Tooting to vote for Khan instead of the Liberal Democrat candidate, Nasser Butt, an Ahmadiyya.[59][60] In 2019, Bokhari was appointed to join Khan's new Diversity, Equality and Inclusion Advisory Group.[61] In the subsequent Labour leadership election Khan was an early backer of Ed Miliband, becoming his campaign manager.[62] In the wake of Labour's 2010 election defeat, Acting Leader Harriet Harman appointed Khan Shadow Secretary of State for Transport.[63] Khan orchestrated Ed Miliband's successful campaign to become Labour leader,[64] and was appointed to the senior roles of Shadow Lord Chancellor and Shadow Justice Secretary.[65]

Khan orchestrated Ed Miliband's successful campaign to become Labour Leader and later served in Miliband's Shadow Cabinet.

In April 2010 it was revealed that Khan had repaid falsely claimed expenses on two occasions, when literature was sent to his constituents. The first incident concerned letters sent out before the 2010 General Election which were ruled to have the "unintentional effect of promoting his return to office", the second a £2,550 repayment for Christmas, Eid, and birthday cards for constituents, dating back to 2006.[66] Under House of Commons rules, pre-paid envelopes and official stationery can only be used for official parliamentary business.[67][68][69] Khan's claim for the greetings cards was initially rejected, but he presented a new invoice no longer identifying the nature of the claim, and this was accepted. Khan attributed the improper claim for the cards to "inexperience" and human error and apologised for breaking the expenses rules.[70][71]

In early 2013, Miliband appointed Khan as the Shadow Minister for London, a position that he held in addition to his other responsibilities.[72][65] In December 2013, the Fabian Society published a collection of essays edited by Khan that was titled Our London.[72] Khan was also tasked with overseeing Labour's campaign for the 2014 London local elections,[53] in which the party advanced its control in the city, gaining hold of twenty of the thirty-two boroughs.[73] By this point, there was much talk of Khan making a bid for the London Mayoralty in 2016, when incumbent Mayor Boris Johnson would be stepping down.[72] His options were affected by the outcome of the 2015 general election; if Labour won, then he would be expected to become a government minister, but if they lost then he would be free to pursue the Mayoralty.[72] In December 2015, Khan voted against the Cameron government's plans to expand the bombing of targets in the Islamic State.[74]

Polls had suggested that Labour could be the largest party in a hung parliament following the 2015 general election, but ultimately the Conservatives secured victory.[75] In the vote, Khan was returned for a third term as MP for Tooting, defeating his Conservative rival by 2,842 votes.[76][77] He was one of 36 Labour MPs to nominate Jeremy Corbyn as a candidate in the Labour leadership election of 2015, but has said that he was "no patsy" to Corbyn and would stand up to him.[78][79] He later stated that he nominated Corbyn to "broaden the debate" but did not then vote for him.[80]

On 9 May 2016, Khan resigned as an MP by his appointment to the ancient office of Crown Steward and Bailiff of The Three Chiltern Hundreds, a customary practice in the UK. This triggered a by-election in Tooting to be held in June 2016.[81][82]

He is regularly named among the Top 100 London politicians in the London Evening Standards annual poll of the 1,000 most influential Londoners[83] and is an Ambassador for Mosaic Network,[84] an initiative set up by Prince Charles.

Mayor of London

In 2016, Sadiq Khan ran to become the mayor of London and was elected with 57% of the vote. He is London's first Muslim mayor and first ethnic minority mayor.[85] Khan was officially sworn in as Mayor in a multi-faith ceremony held in Southwark Cathedral the following day.[86] His first act as mayor was his appearance at a Holocaust memorial ceremony in a rugby stadium in North London,[87] although due to delays with the results of the election, he officially took office on 9 May.[88]

2016 candidacy

Nomination as Labour candidate

"An affordable and secure home to rent or buy, more jobs with higher wages for the lowest paid, making it easier to set up and run a successful business, reducing the cost of commuting, and making London's environment safer, healthier and less polluted."

Khan's priorities as Mayor.[89]

After Labour's defeat at the 2015 general election, Khan resigned from the Shadow Cabinet.[90] He then announced himself as a candidate to be the Labour nominee for the London Mayoral elections of 2016.[90] Khan soon gained the support of prominent figures in the party, including former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, who was on Labour's leftist, socialist wing, and Oona King, who was on its centrist, Blairite wing.[91] He also received the backing of the Labour-affiliated GMB and Unite unions,[92] and the nomination of 44 of Labour's 73 parliamentary constituent parties in London, leaving him as one of the top two contenders.[92]

Khan's main rival was Conservative candidate Zac Goldsmith; Khan described him as a spoiled dilettante who "never finishes anything he starts".[93] A YouGov poll for LBC suggested that while the other main contender to be the Labour nominee, Tessa Jowell, would defeat Goldsmith in a mayoral election, Khan would not.[94] In hustings, Khan placed an emphasis on his working-class origins, which would play against Jowell's wealthier upbringing, and argued for the need for change in London, thereby insinuating that Jowell would represent too much continuity with the outgoing Johnson administration.[95] In September 2015, Khan was announced as the winning nominee.[96] He gained 48,152 votes (58.9%) against Jowell's 35,573 (41.1%).[96][97] He was the favourite candidate in all three voting categories; Labour Party members, members of affiliated trade unions and organisations, and registered supporters who had paid £3 in order to vote.[98]


Khan vowed that if elected, he would freeze public transport fares in London for four years.[93][99] He claimed that this would deprive Transport for London (TfL) of £452 million, but TfL stated that it would deprive them of £1.9 billion, taking into account projected population growth over this period.[100][101] Although he had previously backed Heathrow expansion, he now opposed it, instead calling for expansion at Gatwick Airport; he was likely aware that supporting the former was a vote loser in London.[102] Aware of the severe housing shortage in London, he also spoke of clamping down on foreign property investors,[103] and proposed the establishment of both a "London living rent" tenure and a not-for-profit lettings agency that could undercut commercial operators in order to ease the high cost of renting in the city.[104] He also called for house building on land owned by TfL, insisting that at least 50% of those constructed should be "genuinely affordable".[105]

The YouGov poll had revealed that 31% of Londoners stated that they would not be "comfortable" with a Muslim mayor.[94] Aware that many voters were suspicious regarding the loyalties of British Muslims to the British state, Khan emphasised his commitment to liberal social values.[106] As part of this, he declared his opposition to homophobia,[107] and said that he would have "zero tolerance for anti-Semitism".[108] He openly condemned Islamic extremism and called on the Muslim community to take a leading role in combating it, although at the same time acknowledged the Islamophobia that many British Muslims faced.[109] He also distanced himself from Corbyn,[110] rebuking Labour's socialist leader for his links to armed anti-Israel groups,[111] and criticising him for not singing the national anthem at an event commemorating the Battle of Britain.[112] Concerned that Corbyn's socialist platform was alienating many of London's businesses, Khan declared that he would be "the most pro-business mayor ever",[113] and met with groups such as the Federation of Small Businesses and City of London Corporation.[114] He also ensured that his campaign was run entirely separate from Corbyn.[115] Conversely, Goldsmith's Conservative campaign emphasised connections between Khan and Corbyn.[116] Both the Conservative campaign and several Conservative-aligned newspapers sought to tar Khan as an apologist for, or even sympathiser with, Islamic extremism.[117]

International press sources often focused on his religious identity,[118] with many right-wing American media outlets reacting with horror at his election.[119]

Khan won the election with 57% of the vote. The 1.3 million votes he received are the largest any UK politician has personally received to date.[120] Various press sources noted that Khan's election made him the first actively affiliated Muslim to become mayor of a major Western capital.[121][86]

Map of Greater London boroughs showing those that voted for Khan (red) and Goldsmith (blue) in the 2016 mayoral election


In 2021, Khan was re-elected for a second term, defeating the Conservative candidate Shaun Bailey. It is expected that he will continue to serve as Mayor until at least 2024.[122][123]


Khan and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry at London City Hall, October 2016

In August 2016, Khan declared his support for Owen Smith's failed bid to oust Jeremy Corbyn as Leader of the Labour Party. Although describing him as a "principled Labour man", Khan said that Corbyn had failed to gain popularity with the electorate and that Labour would not win a general election under Corbyn's leadership.[124]

On 8 January 2021, Khan announced a planned council tax rise of 9.5% to help fund policing and free transport for pensioners and schoolchildren in London. Mr Khan's proposal would see an overall increase of 9.5% or £31.59 a year for an average Band D council tax payer. Since his first budget in 2017-18, Mr Khan has increased the Greater London Authority's council tax precept by 31%, from £280 a year to £363.66 a year for a Band D property.[125] On the same day, Khan also ordered London residents to cease travelling after he declared the COVID-19 crisis in London a "major incident" with "out of control" spread, as infection rates for London were estimated to be around 1 in 30, with highs of 1 in 20 in some parts of the city.[126]

European Union and Brexit

In the buildup to the referendum on the UK's continuing membership of the European Union (EU), Khan was a vocal supporter of the 'Remain' camp.[127] He agreed to attend a Britain Stronger in Europe campaign event with the Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron to demonstrate cross-party support for remaining within the EU,[128][129] for which he was criticised by Labour Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell, who claimed that sharing a platform with the Conservatives "discredits us".[130] After the murder of MP Jo Cox during the campaign, Khan called for the country to "pause and reflect" on the manner in which the Leave and Remain camps had been approaching the debate, stating that it had been marred by a "climate of hatred, of poison, of negativity, of cynicism".[131] Following the success of the 'Leave' vote, Khan insisted that all EU citizens living in London were welcome in the city and that he was grateful for the contribution that they made to it.[132][133] He endorsed the Metropolitan Police's 'We Stand Together' campaign to combat the rise in racial abuse following the referendum,[134] and later backed the 'London is Open' campaign to encourage businesses, artists, and performers to continue coming to the city despite Brexit.[135]

On 20 October 2018, Khan marched with People's Vote protestors from Park Lane to Parliament Square in support of a referendum on the final Brexit deal.[136] The march was started by Khan and featured speeches by Delia Smith and Steve Coogan.[137] The organisers of the march said that almost 700,000 people took part. Police stated that they were unable to estimate the numbers involved[138][137][139] and a later police debriefing document prepared by Khan's Greater London Authority estimated the number to be 250,000.[140]

On 23 March 2019, Khan took part in the Put It to the People march in London in support of a second Brexit referendum.[141] Khan addressed a rally at the end of the march alongside SNP leader Nicola Sturgeon, Conservative peer Michael Heseltine, former Attorney General Dominic Grieve, Labour's deputy leader Tom Watson, and MPs Jess Phillips, Justine Greening and David Lammy.[142][143]

Diversity issues

Khan at Pride in London, July 2017

While fasting for the Islamic holy month of Ramadan in 2016, Khan declared that he would use the period as an opportunity to help "break down the mystique and suspicion" surrounding Islam in Britain and help to "get out there and build bridges" between communities, organising iftars to be held at synagogues, churches, and mosques.[144][145] He then appeared at a Trafalgar Square celebration of Eid al-Fitr, endorsing religious freedom and lambasting "criminals who do bad things and use the name of Islam to justify what they do".[146] Following the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, Khan attended a vigil in Old Compton Street, Soho, and insisted that he "will do everything in [his] power to ensure that LGBT Londoners feel safe in every part of our city";[147] later that month he marched in the LGBT Pride London parade.[148]

In June 2020, during the George Floyd protests in the United Kingdom, protesters sprayed graffiti on the Statue of Winston Churchill, Parliament Square over two successive days, including, following the inscription "Churchill", the words "was a racist".[149][150][151] As a result, Khan controversially announced that he had ordered the statue to be temporarily covered up to preserve it from further vandalism.[152]

On 9 June 2020, in response to the unrest, Khan said that he believed some statues of slavers in London "should be taken down",[153] and established the Commission for Diversity in the Public Realm in to do so.[154][155] Khan's 'Diversity Commission' is tasked with reviewing London's statues, street names, monuments, sculptures, artworks and other landmarks, with the potential for removal.[156] The commission is in response to the anti-racist protests which saw protesters topple a Statue of Edward Colston in Bristol, whilst also defacing a number of statues across the country.[157][158] That evening the statue of Robert Milligan, a merchant and slave trader, outside the Museum of London Docklands was removed by the local authority and the Canal & River Trust.[159]

On 11 June 2020, a joint statement from the Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust announced that the Statue of Robert Clayton, together with that of Thomas Guy, would be removed from public view and that they would work with Khan on the issue.[160][161][162][163]

Transport policies

On transport, Khan immediately announced the introduction of a "Hopper" bus ticket which would allow a passenger to take two bus and tram journeys within an hour for the price of one; it was intended to benefit those on low incomes most.[164][165] In January 2018, this system was upgraded to offer unlimited journeys and allowing travel on Tube or rail services in between.[166] In June 2016, Khan announced that his electoral pledge to prevent transport fare rises would only apply to "single fares" and pay as you go fares, and not daily, monthly, weekly, or yearly railcards; he was widely criticised for this.[167][168] That same month, he ordered TfL to ban any advertising on its network that was deemed to body shame or demean women.[169] In July he urged the government to allow TfL to take control of the failing Southern rail service,[170][171] and in August launched the 24-hour Night Tube service on Fridays and Saturdays, an idea initially proposed by Johnson.[172]

Khan backed expansion of London City Airport, removing the block on this instituted by Johnson's administration; environmentalist campaigners like Siân Berry stated that this was a breach of Khan's pledge to be London's "greenest ever" mayor.[173] Opposing expansion at Heathrow Airport, he urged Prime Minister Theresa May to instead support expansion at Gatwick Airport, stating that to do so would bring "substantial economic benefits" to London.[174]

In August 2020, Khan announced that Crossrail, a new east-west rail link through the centre of London, referred to as the Elizabeth Line, has been delayed again until 2022, requiring an additional £1.1 billion in funding to complete the project.[175] The line was originally due to open in 2018[176]

COVID-19 pandemic and government bailout

During the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, Khan was criticized for closing stations and reducing services on the tube network resulting in overcrowding and putting key workers travelling to work at risk.[177] On 17 March 2020 Khan announced the London Underground would begin running a reduced service due to the virus.[178] Khan shut down the Waterloo & City line, several tube stations and the Night Tube.[179] From 20 March, 40 tube stations were closed.[179]

A deserted Harrow-on-the-Hill station during the pandemic in August 2020

On 22 April, Khan warned that TfL could run out of money to pay staff by the end of April unless Boris Johnson's government stepped in.[180] Two days later, TfL announced it was furloughing around 7,000 employees, about a quarter of its staff, to help mitigate a 90% reduction in fare revenues.[181]

On 7 May, Transport for London, the capital's transport authority which Khan chairs, requested a £2 billion government bail-out to keep services running until September 2020.[182] Without an agreement with the government, deputy mayor for transport Heidi Alexander said TfL might have to issue a "Section 114 notice" - the equivalent of a public body going bust.[183] On 14 May, Khan and UK Government agreed a £1.6 billion emergency funding package to keep Tube and bus services running. To achieve the bailout package, Khan had raise TfL fares by 1% above inflation, which went against a pledge he made during his mayoral election campaign to not increase fares.[184] Transport Secretary Grant Shapps MP blamed Khan for the "poor condition of TfL's financial position" during his four years as Mayor.[185]

From 22 June 2020, Khan has implemented an increase in the London Congestion Charge to £15 a day, from £11.50. Its hours of operation have also been extended to 7am - 10pm every day, including weekends.[186] Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, teachers, police officers, firefighters and transport workers are also included in the charge, despite a campaign by the Metropolitan Police Federation to exempt them.[187]

Housing policies

In his first weeks as Mayor, Khan criticised foreign investors for treating homes in London as "gold bricks for investment", instead urging them to invest in the construction of "affordable homes" for Londoners through a new agency, Homes for Londoners, which would be funded by both public and private money.[188] Homes for Londoners is governed by a board and chaired by Khan. However, in contrast to one of his pre-election statements, he revealed that he no longer supported rent freezes in the city.[189] Insisting that he would "oppose building on the Green Belt, which is now even more important than when it was created", Khan vetoed the construction of a football stadium and two blocks of flats on Green Belt land in Chislehurst, after the plan had already been supported by Bromley Council.[190]

Khan launched a "No Nights Sleeping Rough" taskforce to tackle youth homelessness in London in October 2016.[191]

Air pollution

Khan on a visit to Amritsar, India in 2018

Khan has called air pollution "the biggest public health emergency of a generation."[192] In October 2017, he introduced the Toxicity Charge (T-charge); operating within the same hours and zone as the London congestion charge, the T-Charge levied a £10 fine on top of that for older and more polluting vehicles (typically diesel and petrol ones registered before 2006) that do not meet Euro 4 standards.[193] In that same year, he announced plans to establish a replacement: an "Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ)" across London that would charge owners of the most polluting cars a fine of £12.50 per day on top of the congestion charge.[194] The all day, every day (except on Christmas Day)[195] zone was introduced in 2019 in Central London, applying to diesel cars and vans whose engines aren't at the latest Euro 6 standard as well as most petrol cars over 14 years old; in addition, non-compliant buses, coaches and lorries will have to pay £100.[196] The zone will be extended to the North and South Circulars in October 2021.[194] It resulted in a drop of the worst polluting vehicles entering the zone each day from 35,578 in March 2019 to 26,195 in April after the charge was introduced.[197]

Khan criticised the UK government in June 2017 for its lack of drive in improving general air quality.[198] He stated that the government's action plan on the issue lacked "serious detail, fails to tackle all emission sources, such as from buildings, construction or the river, and does not utilise the government's full resources and powers", reflecting its low prioritisation of the issue in the past.[198]

In September, he announced that the first 50 air quality audits for primary schools in the worst-polluted areas of the city had been launched with the objective to reduce air pollution around public schools.[199] The audits will continue until the end of 2017, with reports being published in 2018.[192][199]

Crime and policing

Since Khan became Mayor, crime rates in London have been increasing in every reporting year,[200] whereby London is currently "experiencing an upsurge in serious violent crime, particularly among teenagers and young men".[201] In figures released by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), crime in London was five times higher than the rest of the United Kingdom in 2019. Knife crime saw a 28 percent increase from 67 percent in 2018 to 86 percent in 2019.[202]

While knife crime in London fell for three years in a row, down from 14,159 in 2010-2011 to 9,680 in 2014-15, under Boris Johnson, Khan's predecessor as Mayor of London, Khan has presided over an increase in knife crime to 12,061 offences in 2016-17 and 14,695 in 2017-18.[201] In February 2018, reported murders in London exceeded those in New York City for the first time.[203] London recorded 45 murders during January through March 2018 whereas New York recorded 38.[204]

In an interview with LBC, Khan accepted responsibility for rising crime in London as the Police and Crime Commissioner for the city, but blamed budgetary cuts by the UK Conservative Government.[205] Khan stated that knife crime is "rising across England & Wales" and that it is "clearly a national problem that requires national solutions."[206] Following the 2019 London Bridge stabbing Khan stated, "You can't disaggregate terrorism and security from cuts made to resources of the police, of probation, the tools that judges have ... The key thing is we need to support the police and security service. (...) The point I am making is we can be safer, with more police and more resources."[207]

Whilst Khan has been Mayor, London's murder rate is at a ten-year high. The Metropolitan police recorded 149 homicides in 2019 up to 30 December. In five years the homicide rate has increased by more than 50%, from 94 cases in 2014.[208]

Political image and views

Writing for The Spectator, the political commentator Nick Cohen described Khan as a centre-left social democrat,[209] while the journalist Amol Rajan termed him "a torch-bearer for the social democratic wing" of the Labour Party.[210] The BBC describe Khan as being located on the party's soft left.[211] In an article for Al Jazeera, the Marxist commentator Richard Seymour described Khan as a centrist,[212] while Matt Wrack, the General Secretary of the Fire Brigades Union, characterised Khan as belonging to "that part of the Labour Party that was in government under Blair and Brown".[213] The journalist Dave Hill described Khan as a social liberal.[214]

Khan at a 2019 Eid al-Fitr event in Trafalgar Square, London

Khan has described himself as a "proud feminist".[214] In April 2019, Khan joined the Jewish Labour Movement.[215] He criticised the Trump administration's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.[216] Khan said the British government should apologise for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in British-ruled India.[217] Khan condemned the plans for a protest march against Narendra Modi's government over India's treatment of Kashmir during the Hindu festival of Deepavali.[218]

Khan considers himself as a practising Muslim.[219][220] He quotes from the Quran and hadith when discussing terrorism.[59] He received death threats from Islamic extremists after voting in favour of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act.[221][222] He was also threatened by the far-right group Britain First, which in 2016 threatened to take "direct action" against Khan where he "lives, works and prays" as part of an anti-Muslim campaign.[223]

Khan with former president Bill Clinton at the Clinton Global Initiative, September 2016

Journalist Dave Hill has said that Khan was "savvy, streetwise and not averse to a scrap",[224] whilst also describing him as having a "joshing, livewire off-stage personality" which differed from the formal image he often projected while onstage.[225] Khan used to perform stand-up comedy before running for Mayor, including a ten-minute money-raising Stand Up for Labour routine. Comedian Arthur Smith stated that Khan could become a "good club-level comedian one day".[226] During the 2016 Mayoral campaign, Goldsmith referred to Khan as "a caricature machine politician... the sort of politician who justified peoples' mistrust in politics", as evidence citing Khan's U-turn on supporting Heathrow expansion.[227] Another rival in the 2016 Mayoral campaign, George Galloway of the Respect Party, referred to Khan as a "flip-flop merchant" and a "product of the Blairite machine".[228]

There has been an ongoing political feud between Khan and former US president Donald Trump since 2016, when Khan criticised Trump over his proposed "Muslim ban" and Trump responded by attacking Khan a number of times on Twitter over the next several years.[229] Shortly before Trump's 2019 state visit to the UK, Khan compared Trump to "European dictators of the 1930s and 40s".[230] Upon arrival, Trump responded on Twitter by calling him a "stone-cold loser" and comparing him to another mayor he also targets, Bill de Blasio.[231]

On 9 June 2020, Khan said that he believed some statues of slavers in London "should be taken down",[153] and established the Commission for Diversity in the Public Realm to do so.[154][155]


Personal life

Khan is a practising Muslim who observes the fast during Ramadan and regularly attends Al-Muzzammil Mosque in Tooting.[240][241][242][221][241] Journalist Dave Hill described Khan as "a moderate, socially liberal Muslim".[146] Khan has expressed the view that "too often the people who are 'representing' the Islamic faith aren't representative, they're angry men with beards. And that is not what Islam is about."[107]

Khan married Saadiya Ahmed, a fellow solicitor, in 1994. They have two daughters,[5] both raised in the Islamic faith.[243] He is a supporter of Liverpool F.C.[244]

See also


  1. ^ "Sadiq Khan: The World's 100 Most Influential People". Time 100. Time. 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ Rogers, Alexandra (17 September 2019). "Sadiq Khan's Ulez charge cuts polluting vehicles by over a third and bags TfL £51m". CityAM. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Bayley, Sian (23 July 2019). "London pollution: High levels detected by 40% of capital's air quality sensors". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ Sabbagh, Dan (24 March 2021). "Ex-Johnson aide running 'smear campaign' against Sadiq Khan, says Labour". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Eaton, George. "The pugilist: Sadiq Khan's quest to become mayor of London". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 2016. His grandparents emigrated from India to Karachi, Pakistan following Partition; his parents emigrated from Pakistan to London shortly before his birth.
  6. ^ Rowena Mason and Simon Hattenstone (31 May 2015). "Sadiq Khan says 'aspiration' will be Labour leadership race's most overused word". The Observer. Archived from the original on 1 June 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Victory for Sadiq Khan highlights tolerant face of London". Financial Times. 7 May 2016. Archived from the original on 26 June 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Sadiq Khan makes historic border crossing from India to Pakistan on foot". London Evening Standard. 6 December 2017. Archived from the original on 7 December 2017.
  9. ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 14.
  10. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 14-15.
  11. ^ a b c d e Hill 2016, p. 15.
  12. ^ Cooper, Goolistan (1 February 2016). "Sadiq Khan recounts life lessons learned working at Chelsea department store". GetWestLondon. Archived from the original on 2 June 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d e Hattenstone, Simon (31 May 2015), "Sadiq Khan: 'Ruthless? No. Decency can get you to the top in politics'", The Guardian, archived from the original on 5 May 2017, retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ Hill 2016, p. 16.
  15. ^ "Sadiq Khan, biography", Senate Media, 2015, archived from the original on 4 June 2016, retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ a b Bawdon, Fiona (December 2015), "Claims that Sadiq Khan's former human rights firm 'was worth millions' queried by lawyers", Legal Action magazine, Legal Action Group, archived from the original on 17 January 2018, retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ Christian, Louise (May 2015), "Dear Sadiq Khan. When you left Christian Khan to become an MP, you said you could bring about more change as a politician than a lawyer. What happened?", Legal Action magazine, Legal Action Group, archived from the original on 26 June 2017, retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ Martin, Neil (24 February 2006). "Bubbins v United Kingdom: Civil Remedies and the Right to Life - Martin - 2006 beav". Modern Law Review. Wiley Online Library. 69 (2): 242-249. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2230.2006.00583_1.x.
  19. ^ Magrath, Paul (28 February 1997). "Law report: Juries to be given guidance on awards against police". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 6 December 2017.
  20. ^ Law Lords Department. "House of Lords - Commissioners of Police for the Metropolis v. Reeves (A.P.) (Joint Administratix of the Estate of Martin Lynch, Deceased)". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  21. ^ Rodionova, Zlata (7 June 2011). "Latest British Employment Law News". Independent.
  22. ^ "Latest British Employment Law News". Emplaw. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ "Jadhav v Secretary of State for Health". NTL. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  24. ^ "Black officer's 'six figure sum' payout". BBC News. 13 November 2003.
  25. ^ Ali Dizaei
  26. ^ "David 'Rocky' Bennett Inquiry Report. News from Christian Khan Solicitors, London UK". Christian Khan. 5 February 2004. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  27. ^ "Austin and another v Metropolitan Police Commissioner - [2009] All ER (D) 227 (Jan)". LexisNexis. 28 January 2009. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  28. ^ Hill 2016, p. 19.
  29. ^ "Farrakhan UK ban overturned". BBC News. 31 July 2001. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016.
  30. ^ Verkaik, Robert (2 February 2000). "£150,000 for police raid on Kurdish Pinter play". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012.
  31. ^ "Analysis: Officers' fear of being branded racist has done little to reduce bias over suspects". The Independent. London. 8 November 2002.[dead link]
  32. ^ "BBC NEWS | UK | England | Egypt trial Britons' case resumes". BBC News. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  33. ^ "6 months since the detention of British men --in Egypt - UK Indymedia". Indymedia UK. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  34. ^ "Elections - London Datastore". Retrieved 2021.
  35. ^ Archived 4 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine, politics
  36. ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 20.
  37. ^ "Parliamentarian of the Year". The Spectator. 19 November 2005. Archived from the original on 16 June 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  38. ^ a b c d e f Hill 2016, p. 27.
  39. ^ "Minister criticises Muslim letter". BBC News. 12 August 2006. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 2009.
  40. ^ "Microsoft Word - Baker-Bruce-Khan - CRC Rep.doc" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 October 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  41. ^ "Minister's rose emblem broke rule". BBC News. 13 December 2007. Archived from the original on 17 October 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  42. ^ Michael Gillard; Jonathan Calvert (3 February 2008). "Police bugged Muslim MP Sadiq Khan". The Sunday Times. London. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008.
  43. ^ a b "Khan welcomes 'bugging' inquiry". BBC News. 3 February 2008. Archived from the original on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 2011.
  44. ^ Dodd, Vikram (22 February 2008). "Bugging of MP on prison visit did not break the rules, inquiry finds". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 31 August 2014. Retrieved 2009.
  45. ^ "Ministerial Team" (PDF), Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, Department for Communities and Local Government, archived from the original (PDF) on 26 November 2008.
  46. ^ a b "Sadiq Khan, Former MP, Tooting, profile", TheyWorkForYou, TheyWorkForYou, archived from the original on 25 May 2017, retrieved 2017
  47. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 27-28.
  48. ^ a b c Hill 2016, p. 28.
  49. ^ Prince, Rosa (29 January 2009). "Minister criticises Pope for pardoning Holocaust denial bishop". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 2009.
  50. ^ Harding, Eleanor (6 June 2009). "Tooting MP Sadiq Khan named first Muslim cabinet minister in Gordon Brown's reshuffle". The Wandsworth Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 June 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  51. ^ Banerjee, Subhajit (7 June 2009). "Minister appointment on Twitter". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 June 2009. Retrieved 2011.
  52. ^ Channel 4 News (20 October 2009), FactCheck: an all-white cabinet?, Channel 4, archived from the original on 25 November 2013, retrieved 2017.
  53. ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 30.
  54. ^ "Executive Committee - The Fabian Society - where the British left thinks". Fabian Society. Archived from the original on 11 October 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  55. ^ Khan, Sadiq; Jameson, Hannah; Katwala, Sunder (2008). "Fairness not Favours How to reconnect with British Muslims (full text)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 October 2016.
  56. ^ Khan, Sadiq (2008). "Fairness, not favours, for Muslims (opinion)". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 December 2016.
  57. ^ "Minister: All MPs should give up their ?1,000 pay rise". London Evening Herald. 8 March 2010. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  58. ^ "Rivals attack 'nasty' campaign as Sadiq Khan survives". Evening Standard. 7 May 2010.
  59. ^ a b Knight, Sam (24 July 2017). "Sadiq Khan takes on Brexit and terror". New Yorker. New York. Retrieved 2021.
  60. ^ Oakes, Omar (14 October 2010). "Tooting election race infected by anti-Ahmadiyya hate campaign". Sutton and Croydon Guardian. London. Retrieved 2021.
  61. ^ The Voice (17 February 2021). "Debbie Weekes-Bernard to chair new board on inequality". London. Retrieved 2021.
  62. ^ Harding, Eleanor (15 May 2010). "EXCLUSIVE: 'I'm backing Ed Miliband', says Sadiq Khan MP". Your Local Guardian. Wandsworth. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012.
  63. ^ "Exclusive: 'Bitter-sweet' promotion for Sadiq Khan MP". Wandsworth Guardian. 14 May 2010. Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  64. ^ Hill 2016, p. 29.
  65. ^ a b "Rt Hon Sadiq Khan". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 7 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  66. ^ Kirkup, James (12 April 2010). "General election 2010: Transport minister Sadiq Khan in election expenses row". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 23 November 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  67. ^ Beckford, Martin (9 December 2010). "MPs' expenses: 17 MPs were re-elected after secret deals on expenses". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  68. ^ Beckford, Martin (10 December 2010). "MPs' expenses: the secret deals revealed". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  69. ^ "'Secretly' resolved MPs' expenses cases made public". The Guardian. London. 9 December 2010. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  70. ^ Brown, David (16 March 2010). "Transport Minister Sadiq Khan repays 2500 pounds wrongly claimed on expenses". London. Retrieved 2021.
  71. ^ "Minister repays £2,500 expenses". BBC News. 15 March 2010. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  72. ^ a b c d Hill 2016, p. 31.
  73. ^ Hill 2016, p. 32.
  74. ^ Hill 2016, p. 96.
  75. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 32-33.
  76. ^ Hill 2016, p. 33.
  77. ^ "Tooting Constituency - Parliamentary election results May 2015". Wandsworth Council. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016.
  78. ^ "Who nominated who for the 2015 Labour leadership election?". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015.
  79. ^ "Londoners should not let Corbyn 'experiment' with city - PM". BBC News. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016.
  80. ^ Deacon, Michael (4 April 2016). "Why won't Labour's Sadiq Khan say he supports Jeremy Corbyn?". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016.
  81. ^ "Sadiq Khan resigns as MP for Tooting". UK Parliament. 10 May 2016. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  82. ^ Simon, Harris. "Sadiq Khan resigns triggering Tooting by-election". ITV News. ITV News. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  83. ^ "London's 1000 most influential people 2010: Politics". London Evening Standard. 26 November 2010. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  84. ^ "Ambassadors". Mosaic. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  85. ^ Homa Khaleeli (7 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's victory won't end Islamophobia, but it offers hope". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017.
  86. ^ a b Hooper, Ryan; Hughes, David (7 May 2016). "Warm Welcome as Sadiq Khan is Sworn in as Mayor of London". Press Association. Archived from the original on 2 June 2016.
  87. ^ "Sadiq Khan Attends Holocaust Memorial as First Official Mayoral Act". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  88. ^ "Sadiq Khan Vows To Be 'Mayor For All Londoners'". Sky News. 7 May 2016. Archived from the original on 9 May 2016. Retrieved 2016. But because of the processes involved, he won't be technically in office until just after midnight on Monday.
  89. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 74-75.
  90. ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 35.
  91. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 37-39.
  92. ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 40.
  93. ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 103.
  94. ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 62.
  95. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 42-43.
  96. ^ a b Hill 2016, pp. 73-74.
  97. ^ Wintour, Patrick. "Sadiq Khan elected as Labour's candidate for mayor of London". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 September 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  98. ^ Hill 2016, p. 74.
  99. ^ "Sadiq Khan pledges four-year freeze of all fares if elected Mayor". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 15 November 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  100. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 127-128.
  101. ^ "Sadiq Khan's fare freeze would cost £1.9bn, says TfL". BBC News. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  102. ^ Hill 2016, p. 47.
  103. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 52-53.
  104. ^ Hill 2016, p. 53.
  105. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 131-133.
  106. ^ Hill 2016, p. 82.
  107. ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 83.
  108. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 82-83.
  109. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 94-95.
  110. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 81-82.
  111. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 79-80.
  112. ^ Hill 2016, p. 79.
  113. ^ Hill 2016, p. 84.
  114. ^ Hill 2016, p. 109.
  115. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 116-117.
  116. ^ Hill 2016, p. 98.
  117. ^ Hill 2016, p. 93.
  118. ^ Henley, Jon (6 May 2016). "Global press reaction to Sadiq Khan a mix of curiosity and ignorance". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 January 2017.
  119. ^ Millward, David (7 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's victory as London Mayor alarms American right as US liberals say result will resonate far beyond City Hall". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 July 2016.
  120. ^ "How Sadiq Khan won the London mayoral election". New Statesman.
  121. ^ James, William; Piper, Elizabeth (7 May 2016). "Labour's Khan becomes first Muslim mayor of London after bitter campaign". Reuters. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  122. ^ "Sadiq Khan reelected as London mayor for second term". The Guardian. Retrieved 2021.
  123. ^ Jamieson, Alastair (7 May 2021). "Sadiq Khan wins second term as London mayor". The Independent. Retrieved 2021.
  124. ^ Syal, Rajeev (21 August 2016). "Jeremy Corbyn supporters dismiss Sadiq Khan's criticisms". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 December 2016.
  125. ^ BBC. "London council tax rise 'to fund free travel and police". BBC News.
  126. ^ "Covid-19: 'Major incident' declared by London Mayor Sadiq Khan". BBC News. BBC News. BBC. 8 January 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  127. ^ "Sadiq Khan warns Labour has a 'responsibility' to win EU referendum remain vote". The Telegraph. 9 June 2016. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016.
  128. ^ Sparrow, Andrew (30 May 2016). "David Cameron and Sadiq Khan plan pro-EU joint appearance". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 September 2016.
  129. ^ "PM hails 'extraordinary coalition' as he joins Sadiq Khan in EU campaign". Business Insider. 31 May 2016. Archived from the original on 1 June 2016.
  130. ^ Hughes, Laura. "Labour splits as John McDonnell attacks Sadiq Khan for sharing a platform with David Cameron". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 4 July 2016.
  131. ^ Mason, Rowena (17 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan calls for more respectful tone in EU referendum debate". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016.
  132. ^ Johnston, Chris (25 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan tells London's Europeans they remain welcome". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 24 August 2016.
  133. ^ Elledge, Jonn (24 June 2016). "London mayor Sadiq Khan to EU citizens: "You are welcome here"". City Metric. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016.
  134. ^ Sleigh, Sophia (8 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan launches crackdown on Brexit vote hate crime". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016.
  135. ^ Razaq, Rashid (22 July 2016). "Jessie Ware joins Sadiq Khan's call to show #LondonIsOpen in music showcase". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 25 July 2016.
  136. ^ Vox Pops on the march (20 October 2018). What really happened at the anti-Brexit rally in London (Video). Australian News Network via YouTube. Retrieved 2018.
  137. ^ a b Gallagher, Charlotte (20 October 2018). "People's Vote march: Hundreds of thousands attend London protest". BBC News. Retrieved 2018.
  138. ^ Helm, Toby; Savage, Michael; Courea, Eleni (20 October 2018). "Almost 700,000 march to demand 'people's vote' on Brexit deal". The Observer. Retrieved 2018. The centre of London ground to a halt as an estimated 700,000 people from all over the UK marched peacefully on parliament to demand a second referendum on Brexit.
  139. ^ Busby, Mattha (20 October 2018). "People's Vote march: '700,000' rally for new Brexit referendum - as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018. Organisers claim that 700,000 people attended.
  140. ^ Malnick, Edward (5 January 2019). "People's Vote march head-count less than half as high as claimed". The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 2019.
  141. ^ Forrest, Adam; Rahim, Zamira (23 March 2019). "Brexit march: '1 million' Put It To The People protesters stage historic rally for a second referendum". The Independent. Retrieved 2019.
  142. ^ Staff writer (23 March 2019). "Sturgeon joins London People's Vote march". BBC News. Retrieved 2019.
  143. ^ Hughes, Clyde (23 March 2019). "1 million rally in London for 2nd Brexit vote". UPI. Retrieved 2019.
  144. ^ Crerar, Pippa (6 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan: I'll use Ramadan to help build bridges between communities". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 13 June 2016.
  145. ^ Mortimer, Caroline (5 June 2016). "Ramadan 2016: Sadiq Khan wants to use Islamic holy month to reduce suspicion of Muslims". The Independent. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017.
  146. ^ a b Hill, Dave (10 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan speaks for peaceful Islam at Trafalgar Square Eid festival". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 16 July 2016.
  147. ^ Khan, Sadiq (14 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan: I'll work to preserve London's record of being LGBT-friendly". Archived from the original on 29 June 2016.
  148. ^ "Thousands join Pride parade in London". BBC News. 25 June 2016. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016.
  149. ^ Perring, Rebecca (8 June 2020). "Winston Churchill statue desecrated for second day as protesters daub 'racist' on monument". Retrieved 2020.
  150. ^ O'Grady, Sean (8 June 2020). "Churchill was a politically complex man - but he was certainly a racist". The Independent. Retrieved 2020.
  151. ^ "Black Lives Matter protesters spray 'racist' on Winston Churchill statue". 8 June 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  152. ^ Dearden, Lizzie (12 June 2020). "Winston Churchill and Nelson Mandela statues covered up ahead of Black Lives Matter counter-protests". The Independent.
  153. ^ a b Morris, Nigel (9 June 2020). "Sadiq Khan says London slave trader statues could be pulled down after review". Retrieved 2020.
  154. ^ a b "London launches commission to review diversity of public realm landmarks, statues, and monuments". Archinect News. 9 June 2020.
  155. ^ a b "UK municipal leaders reassess statues linked to slave trade". Financial Times. 9 June 2020.
  156. ^ Press, JILL LAWLESS Associated. "London may remove statues as Floyd's death sparks change". Retrieved 2020.
  157. ^ "London mayor launches commission to review diversity in public realm - Xinhua |". Retrieved 2020.
  158. ^ "London launches commission to review diversity of public realm landmarks, statues, and monuments". Archinect. Retrieved 2020.
  159. ^ Burford, Rachael (9 June 2020), "Statue of 18th century slaver Robert Milligan in east London removed after pressure from campaigners", Evening Standard, retrieved 2020
  160. ^ Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust (11 June 2020). "Joint statement about Thomas Guy and Robert Clayton statues".
  161. ^ Roach, April (11 June 2020). "Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital to remove two statues linked to slave trade". Evening Standard.
  162. ^ team, London SE1 website. "Future of Thomas Guy statue in question as slavery row grows". London SE1. Retrieved 2020.
  163. ^ "Guy's Hospital considers taking down controversial statue of businessman who profited from slavery". ITV News. Retrieved 2020.
  164. ^ Crerar, Pippa. "Sadiq Khan confirms new £1.50 one-hour 'hopper' London bus ticket". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 June 2016.
  165. ^ "GLA - Over 100 million journeys made on 'Hopper' fare". Transport for London. 11 September 2017. Retrieved 2020.
  166. ^ "GLA - Unlimited Hopper fare launches this month". Transport for London. 2 January 2018. Retrieved 2020.
  167. ^ Speed, Barbara (9 June 2016). "Has Sadiq Khan already broken his promise of a fares freeze?". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 1 July 2016.
  168. ^ Cowburn, Ashley (8 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan accused of breaking flagstone electoral promise to freeze London transport fares". The Independent. Archived from the original on 31 December 2017.
  169. ^ Lewis, Kayleigh (13 June 2016). "Body-shaming adverts to be banned on London transport by Sadiq Khan". The Independent. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017.
  170. ^ Johnston, Chris (20 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan seeks Transport for London takeover of Southern". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 July 2016.
  171. ^ Mortimer, Caroline (20 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan says Southern Rail should be placed under Tfl control after months of commuter misery". The Independent. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016.
  172. ^ Weaver, Matthew (19 August 2016). "Sadiq Khan to launch London's night tube service". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016.
  173. ^ Crerar, Pippa (11 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's help for London City Airport expansion 'breaks green pledge'". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016.
  174. ^ Crerar, Pippa. "Sadiq Khan urges Theresa May to back Gatwick Airport expansion with second runway". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 25 July 2016.
  175. ^ Murphy, Jonathan Prynn, Joe (21 August 2020). "Double blow as Crossrail delayed until 2022 with £450m more needed". Retrieved 2021.
  176. ^ Gill, Oliver (18 April 2019). "Sadiq Khan accused of 'losing control' as Crossrail crisis costs economy up to £4bn". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2021.
  177. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (19 March 2020). "London tube to close many stations because of coronavirus" – via
  178. ^ "Coronavirus: Pictures show London's empty streets". BBC News. 17 March 2020. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  179. ^ a b "Coronavirus: London cuts Tube trains and warns 'don't travel unless you really have to'". Sky News. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  180. ^ "Coronavirus: London transport 'may run out of money by end of month'". BBC News. BBC. 22 April 2020. Archived from the original on 23 April 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  181. ^ "Coronavirus: Transport for London furloughs 7,000 staff". BBC News. 24 April 2020. Archived from the original on 24 April 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  182. ^ McDonald, Henry (7 May 2020). "London needs £2bn to keep transport system running until autumn". Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 May 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  183. ^ "Coronavirus: Transport for London expects to lose £4bn". BBC News. BBC. 13 May 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  184. ^ "Coronavirus: Transport for London secures emergency £1.6bn bailout". BBC News. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  185. ^ "Transport for London extraordinary funding and financing". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2020.
  186. ^ Khan, Sadiq (16 June 2020). "Temporary changes to the Congestion Charge to secure safe recovery". Transport for London. Retrieved 2021.
  187. ^ Weaver, Matthew (20 May 2020). "Petition calls for key workers to be exempt from London congestion charge". Guardian.
  188. ^ Booth, Robert (25 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan condemns foreign investors' use of London homes as 'gold bricks'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 22 June 2016.
  189. ^ Foster, Dawn (27 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan attacks empty luxury flats, but his housing policies are also void". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016.
  190. ^ May, Luke (22 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan rejects football stadium plans to protect Bromley's green space". Bromley Times. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016.
  191. ^ Crerar, Pippa (6 October 2016). "Sadiq Khan launches taskforce to help young people sleeping rough in London". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  192. ^ a b Taylor, Matthew (13 September 2017). "London's most polluted schools to be given air-quality audits". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  193. ^ Chapman, Ben (23 October 2017). "T-charge: What is the new London emissions charge and how will it affect you?". The Independent. Retrieved 2020.
  194. ^ a b "Sadiq Khan plans world's first ultra-low emission zone across huge swathe of London". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  195. ^ "Ultra Low Emission Zone". Transport for London. Retrieved 2020.
  196. ^ Topham, Gwyn (6 April 2019). "London prepares for launch of ultra-low emissions zone". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020.
  197. ^ Taylor, Matthew (16 May 2019). "ULEZ cuts number of worst polluting cars in central London" – via
  198. ^ a b Taylor, Matthew (23 June 2017). "Sadiq Khan: Gove must get a grip on 'life and death' air pollution crisis". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  199. ^ a b "Audit to protect 'pupils from toxic air'". BBC News. 13 September 2017. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  200. ^ Clark, D. "Crime rate per 1,000 population in London from 2010/11 to 2019/20". Statista. Retrieved 2021.
  201. ^ a b "Boris Johnson blames Sadiq Khan for London knife crime 'scandal'". BBC News. BBC News. 23 July 2018. Retrieved 2021.
  202. ^ France, Anthony (17 July 2020). "London crime rising five times faster than rest of England, report reveals". Evening Standard. Retrieved 2021.
  203. ^ Lies, Damned Lies, And Statistics: Why London's Murder Rate Is Not Higher Than NYC's
  204. ^ "FactCheck: Is London really deadlier than New York?". Channel 4 News. Retrieved 2018.
  205. ^ "London mayor accepts responsibility for crime situation as he blames police cuts".
  206. ^ Kerr, Chloe (7 April 2018). "Met police set up new task force to deal with violent crime". Daily Express. Retrieved 2019.
  207. ^ Justice system playing 'Russian roulette' with public, says terror expert The Guardian
  208. ^ Dodd, Vikram. "Number of homicides in London climbs to 10-year high". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020.
  209. ^ Nick Cohen (10 February 2016). "Would Jeremy Corbyn prefer George Galloway to be Mayor of London?". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 11 February 2016.
  210. ^ Amol Rajan (15 September 2015). "After Boris, Mayor Khan for London?". Politico. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016.
  211. ^ Esther Webber (7 May 2016). "London mayor: The Sadiq Khan story". BBC News. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016.
  212. ^ Richard Seymour (8 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's victory and free Londonistan". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016.
  213. ^ Watts, Joe (22 August 2016). "Sadiq Khan faces backlash after saying Jeremy Corbyn election win is 'extremely unlikely'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017.
  214. ^ a b Hill, Dave (16 August 2016). "Sadiq Khan's first 100 days as London mayor: how is he doing?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 February 2017.
  215. ^ Oster, Marcy. "London Mayor Sadiq Khan joins Jewish Labour movement". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 70 Faces Media. Retrieved 2019.
  216. ^ "Sadiq Khan blasts Trump over Jerusalem: Mayor says President has made peace less likely in the Middle East". London Evening Standard. 7 December 2017.
  217. ^ "London mayor Sadiq Khan says UK must apologise for India massacre". BBC News. 7 December 2017.
  218. ^ "London Mayor condemns plans to hold anti-India march over Kashmir on Diwali". The Hindu. 20 October 2019.
  219. ^ Jane Onyanga-Omara, 5 things to know about London's first Muslim mayor Archived 16 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine, USA Today (May 6, 2017).
  220. ^ Tim Hume. "Sadiq Khan elected first London Muslim mayor". CNN.
  221. ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 58.
  222. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  223. ^ Olivia Blair, Britain First threatens to target London Mayor Sadiq Khan with 'direct action' Archived 12 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine, The Independent (May 25, 2016).
  224. ^ Hill 2016, p. 101.
  225. ^ Hill 2016, p. 59.
  226. ^ "Sadiq Khan: 'I used to do stand-up'". Chortle. 2016. Archived from the original on 27 September 2016.
  227. ^ Hill 2016, p. 116.
  228. ^ Hill 2016, p. 139.
  229. ^ Weaver, Matthew (16 June 2019). "Timeline: Donald Trump's feud with Sadiq Khan". The Guardian. Retrieved 2019.
  230. ^ "It's un-British to roll out the red carpet for Donald Trump - Sadiq Khan", The Guardian, 1 June 2019
  231. ^ Trump attacks London mayor in tweets before landing - CNN Video, retrieved 2019
  232. ^ "Parliamentarian of the Year". The Spectator. 19 November 2005. Retrieved 2019.
  233. ^ "Winners honoured at British Muslim Awards". Asian Image. 31 January 2013. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  234. ^ "British Muslim Awards 2016". Asian World. 17 February 2016. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  235. ^ "See all our incredible GQ Men Of The Year 20th Anniversary issue cover stars". British GQ.
  236. ^ "The University of Law awards Sadiq Khan". University Business. Retrieved 2019.
  237. ^ "President Mamnoon confers civil awards on Yaum-i-Pakistan". Dawn.
  238. ^ "RIBA Honorary Fellowships 2018 announced". Retrieved 2019.
  239. ^ "Middle Temple". Retrieved 2019.
  240. ^ "London elects its first Muslim mayor and the journalism world rightly notes its importance". 9 May 2016. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  241. ^ a b Sherwood, Harriet (7 May 2016). "'This is our moment': Tooting Muslims laud Sadiq Khan victory". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 12 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  242. ^ "Sadiq hosts Eid celebrations". Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  243. ^ Crerar, Pippa; Edwardes, Charlotte (13 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan says 'I'm like a stressed Victorian dad' in revealing interview about his family and religion". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016.
  244. ^ Webber, Esther (7 May 2016). "FA Cup: London mayor: The Sadiq Khan story". BBC News. Retrieved 2021.


  • Hill, Dave (2016). Zac Versus Sadiq: The Fight to Become London Mayor. Double Q. ISBN 978-1-911079-20-0.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Tom Cox
Member of Parliament
for Tooting

Succeeded by
Rosena Allin-Khan
Political offices
Preceded by
Parmjit Dhanda
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
Succeeded by
Shahid Malik
Preceded by
The Lord Adonis
Minister of State for Transport
Succeeded by
Theresa Villiers
Shadow Secretary of State for Transport
Succeeded by
Maria Eagle
Preceded by
Jack Straw
Shadow Secretary of State for Justice
Succeeded by
Shadow Lord Chancellor
Preceded by
Tessa Jowell
Shadow Minister for London
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Boris Johnson
Mayor of London
Party political offices
Preceded by
Anne Campbell
Chair of the Fabian Society
Succeeded by
Suresh Pushpananthan

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes