Rumelian Turkish
Get Rumelian Turkish essential facts below. View Videos or join the Rumelian Turkish discussion. Add Rumelian Turkish to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Rumelian Turkish
Balkan Gagauz
Native toTurkey, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Kosovo
Native speakers
(331,000 cited 1993)[1]
(adults only)
Latin script,[]Cyrillic alphabet[]
Language codes

Balkan Gagauz, or Rumelian Turkish, is a Turkic language spoken in European Turkey, in Dulovo and the Deliorman area in Bulgaria and in the Kumanovo and Bitola areas of North Macedonia.[2] Dialects include Gajal, Gerlovo Turk, Karamanli, Kyzylbash, Surguch, Tozluk Turk, Yuruk (Konyar, Yoruk), Prizren and Macedonian Gagauz. Although it is mutually intelligible with both Gagauz[2] and Turkish to a considerable degree, it is usually classified as a separate language due to foreign influences from neighboring languages spoken in the Balkans.


Seven varieties have been accorded ISO 639-3 language codes: Danubian, Gajol, Gerlovo Turks, Kyzylbash, Razgrad, Surguch, Tozluk Turks.[3]


Surguch Yoruk
7,000 320,000

Population total all countries: 331,000 without children (Johnstone 1993),[2] 418,000 (cited 2014).[4]


  1. ^ Balkan Gagauz at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ a b c Ethnologue entry for Balkan Gagauz Turkish
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Turquie: situation générale". Retrieved 22 August 2020.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes