Royal City in Poland
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Royal City in Poland
Medal commemorating the Law on the Cities

In the history of Poland, a royal city or royal town (Polish: miasto królewskie) was an urban settlement within the crown lands (Polish: królewszczyzna).[1]

The most influential royal cities enjoyed voting rights during the free election period in Poland (1572-1791). These cities were Gda?sk, Warsaw, Kraków, Pozna?, Lviv, Vilnius, Toru?, Lublin, Kamianets and Elbl?g. Other important royal cities included Gniezno (ecclesiastical capital of Poland and former capital of early medieval Poland), P?ock (former capital of medieval Poland), Grodno (general sejm location alongside Warsaw), Bydgoszcz and Piotrków (Crown Tribunal locations alongside Lublin).

Law on the Cities

On April 18, 1791, the Great Sejm adopted the Free Royal Cities Act (full title: "Miasta nasze królewskie wolne w pa?stwach Rzeczypospolitej" - "Our Free Royal Cities in the States of the Commonwealth"), included as Article III into the Constitution of May 3, 1791.

The law granted a number of privileges for the residents of royal cities. Many of these privileges and rights have already been enjoyed by major royal cities, and the law effectively equalized all royal cities in this respect. It also includes some rights earlier enjoyed only by szlachta.

Royal cities by region

Warsaw in the 18th century
Gda?sk in the 16th century
Pozna? in the 17th century

Crown of the Kingdom of Poland

Greater Poland Province

Elbl?g in the 18th century
Toru? in the 17th century

Lesser Poland Province

Kraków, Kleparz and Kazimierz in the 17th century - agglomeration of three royal cities
Lviv in the 17th century
Lublin in the 17th century
Kamianets-Podilskyi in the 17th century
Przemy?l in the 17th century
Sandomierz in the 17th century
Che?m in the 18th century
Biecz in the 17th century
Lutsk in the 18th century

Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Vilnius in the 17th century
Grodno in the 16th century
Kaunas in the 17th century
Brest in the 17th century
Mogilev in the 18th century
Trakai in the 17th century

Royal castles and residences

Examples of Polish royal castles and residences found in former royal cities of Poland:

Old towns

Examples of Polish royal cities historic centers include:

See also

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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