|Roosevelt Campobello International Park|
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
The Roosevelt cottage at Campobello (2011)
|Location||Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada|
|Nearest city||Saint John, New Brunswick|
|Area||11.01 km2 (4.25 sq mi)|
|Established||July 7, 1964|
|Governing body||Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission|
|Website||Roosevelt Campobello International Park|
Roosevelt Campobello International Park preserves the house and surrounding landscape of the summer retreat of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt and their family. It is located on the southern tip of Campobello Island in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, and is connected to the mainland by the Roosevelt Memorial Bridge, at Lubec, Maine in the United States. Here in August 1921, 39-year-old Roosevelt, who would go on to become the 32nd President of the United States, was stricken by a severe paralytic illness, believed to be polio at the time, leaving him permanently paralyzed from the waist down.:236 FDR was no longer able to stay at the "beloved island", but he sailed there in 1933 and visited briefly in 1936 and 1939.Eleanor Roosevelt loved the cool summer weather and visited many times with her children and friends. After her death in 1962, the family deeded the property to the governments of the U.S. and Canada. In 1964, they created the 2,800-acre (11 km2) International Park. The cottage, built in the Shingle Style and completed in 1897, was designed by Willard T. Sears.
The park is owned and administered by the Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission, created by international treaty signed by Governor General Georges Vanier, Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson, and President Lyndon B. Johnson on January 22, 1964. The park was established on July 7, 1964. Both countries provide financial support to the park. It is an affiliated area of Parks Canada and of the U.S. National Park Service.
The Roosevelt cottage, a wedding gift from Sara Delano Roosevelt