Ronneby
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Ronneby
Ronneby
Bergslagen in Ronneby
Bergslagen in Ronneby
Coat of arms of Ronneby
Coat of arms
Ronneby is located in Blekinge
Ronneby
Ronneby
Ronneby is located in Sweden
Ronneby
Ronneby
Coordinates: 56°12?N 15°17?E / 56.200°N 15.283°E / 56.200; 15.283Coordinates: 56°12?N 15°17?E / 56.200°N 15.283°E / 56.200; 15.283
CountrySweden
ProvinceBlekinge
CountyBlekinge County
MunicipalityRonneby Municipality
Charter1882
Area
 o Total7.75 km2 (2.99 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2010)[1]
 o Total12,029
 o Density1,552/km2 (4,020/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Ronneby is a locality and the seat of Ronneby Municipality in Blekinge County, Sweden with 12,029 inhabitants in 2010.[1]

Ronneby is regarded as the heart of "the Garden of Sweden", and in 2005 the park "Brunnsparken" in Ronneby was voted Sweden's most beautiful park. 2006 the park was voted Europe's 4th most beautiful park.[2] The church Heliga Kors kyrka was founded in the 12th century, modified and extended until the 15th century, and badly damaged during Northern Seven Years' War in the 16th century.

History

The city's oldest surviving city privileges are from 1387. The first recorded spelling of the name (around the year 1300) is Rotnæby, "the village upon the roaring (river)", so named because of the rapids on the spot. In the Middle Ages, Ronneby was an important trading and shipping town.

In 1564, Ronneby was the location of a bloody battle during the Northern Seven Years' War between the Swedish and the Danish armies during which the Swedes under King Erik XIV besieged the city, killed many inhabitants (Ronneby Bloodbath) and burnt it to the ground.[3] Erik later reported that "The Water was red from blood of the Danes." The number of victims was heavily exaggerated, for different propagandistic reasons, by both sides.[]

Following the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, whereby Blekinge and other southern provinces became Swedish, a navy base was built in Karlskrona – east of Ronneby – which accordingly was granted city rights, while revoking the city rights of Ronneby.

But Ronneby did attract some industries in the 18th century. Besides the industry, it also hosted the Ronneby spa, with water believed to have healing qualities. The park around the spa can still be visited. The first source of chalybeate (ferruginous) water was found in May 1705. But the high period of the spa was in the 19th century.

After a fire in 1864, Ronneby was rebuilt according to a check pattern, which is still the model of today. Ronneby finally regained its city title in 1882. From 1971 it is the seat of the larger Ronneby Municipality.

In the 1970s, the local diving club discovered a shipwreck off the coast of Ronneby that was eventually identified by archaeologists as Gribshunden, a 15th-century Danish warship.[4][5] The shipwreck is significant as one of the best-preserved wreckages from the early modern period.[4][6][7]

Arms

Ronneby did use a coat of arms with the letter R between a star and a crescent at least since 1542. In 1882, the arms were redesigned, with the R substituted with the Ronnebyå River. The same coat of arms is used today by the municipality.

Images

Panorama of Ronneby

Education

  • Knut Hahn Secondary School, a school aimed primarily at students in their late teens. It was completely renovated in 2004, at a cost of well over 100 million SEK (roughly 16 million USD). It is funded and run by the Ronneby Municipality. It features most of the national programmes, teaching arts, science, industrial work and economics among many other subjects. It has about 700 students.
  • Blekinge Institute of Technology (moved to Karlskrona in August 2010)

Ronneby also has many schools for lower ages, all run by the municipality save for a secondary school which is run by a company, called Thoren Framtid.

Climate

Ronneby has an oceanic climate (Cfb), similar to most of Southern Sweden. The climate is very similar to neighbouring city Karlshamn, but has a somewhat higher rainfall and cooler nights throughout the year at the site located inside the premises of the local airport.

Climate data for Ronneby Airport 2002-2018; extremes since 1946
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
15.1
(59.2)
19.2
(66.6)
26.6
(79.9)
28.2
(82.8)
32.6
(90.7)
33.3
(91.9)
33.2
(91.8)
27.5
(81.5)
22.2
(72.0)
14.6
(58.3)
12.0
(53.6)
33.3
(91.9)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
8.3
(46.9)
14.4
(57.9)
19.2
(66.6)
24.8
(76.6)
26.6
(79.9)
28.9
(84.0)
27.5
(81.5)
22.5
(72.5)
17.0
(62.6)
12.0
(53.6)
8.7
(47.7)
30.1
(86.2)
Average high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
2.4
(36.3)
6.4
(43.5)
12.2
(54.0)
17.2
(63.0)
20.3
(68.5)
22.9
(73.2)
21.9
(71.4)
17.9
(64.2)
11.7
(53.1)
7.0
(44.6)
3.6
(38.5)
12.1
(53.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) -0.7
(30.7)
-0.5
(31.1)
2.1
(35.8)
6.5
(43.7)
11.4
(52.5)
14.7
(58.5)
17.5
(63.5)
16.8
(62.2)
13.1
(55.6)
8.0
(46.4)
4.4
(39.9)
1.2
(34.2)
7.9
(46.2)
Average low °C (°F) -3.2
(26.2)
-3.3
(26.1)
-2.2
(28.0)
0.8
(33.4)
5.5
(41.9)
9.0
(48.2)
12.1
(53.8)
11.7
(53.1)
8.3
(46.9)
4.3
(39.7)
1.8
(35.2)
-1.3
(29.7)
3.6
(38.5)
Mean minimum °C (°F) -14.9
(5.2)
-13.3
(8.1)
-10.7
(12.7)
-5.7
(21.7)
-1.8
(28.8)
2.6
(36.7)
6.4
(43.5)
4.8
(40.6)
0.1
(32.2)
-4.6
(23.7)
-7.1
(19.2)
-11.7
(10.9)
-17.5
(0.5)
Record low °C (°F) -31.8
(-25.2)
-27.7
(-17.9)
-25.0
(-13.0)
-12.0
(10.4)
-6.0
(21.2)
-2.5
(27.5)
2.0
(35.6)
0.7
(33.3)
-4.6
(23.7)
-11.0
(12.2)
-17.5
(0.5)
-23.4
(-10.1)
-31.8
(-25.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54.6
(2.15)
36.7
(1.44)
33.3
(1.31)
28.9
(1.14)
45.1
(1.78)
60.3
(2.37)
77.9
(3.07)
67.9
(2.67)
48.2
(1.90)
73.1
(2.88)
69.1
(2.72)
57.5
(2.26)
652.6
(25.69)
Source #1: SMHI Open Data[8]
Source #2: SMHI Monthly Data 2002-2018[9]

Sports

These are two of the more prominent sports clubs in Ronneby:

  • Ronneby BK, association football
  • Fredriksbergs BK, bandy

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-09. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Information about the park on the site of the municipality. Retrieved: 6.05.2012
  3. ^ Peterson, Gary Dean (2007): "Warrior Kings of Sweden. The Rise of an Empire in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries." McFarland. p.55ff.
  4. ^ a b Warming, Rolf (2015-07-01). "Gribshunden: Significance and Preliminary Investigations". Combat Archaeology. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Einarsson, Av Lars. "Ett skeppsvrak i Ronneby skärgård" [A shipwreck in the archipelago of Ronneby] (PDF) (in Swedish). Kalmar Läns Museum (Kalmar County Museum). Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Medieval ship's 'sea monster' figurehead raised from Baltic". BBC News. 2015-08-12. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Zolfagharifard, Ellie (2015-08-11). "A 'monster' emerges from the Baltic sea: Ferocious wooden figurehead that adorned a Danish warship surfaces after 500 years". Daily Mail. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "SMHI öppen data för Ronneby-Bredåkra" (in Swedish). Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
  9. ^ "Yearly and Monthly Statistics". SMHI. 28 June 2019.

External links


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Ronneby
 



 



 
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