Ron Kind
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Ron Kind
Ron Kind
Ron Kind, Official Portrait, 115th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 3rd district

January 3, 1997
Steve Gunderson
Chair of the New Democrat Coalition

January 3, 2013 - January 3, 2017
Joe Crowley
Jim Himes

January 3, 2001 - January 3, 2005
Serving with Jim Davis, Adam Smith
Cal Dooley
Jim Moran
Tim Roemer
Ellen Tauscher
Personal details
Born
Ronald James Kind

(1963-03-16) March 16, 1963 (age 57)
La Crosse, Wisconsin, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Tawni Zappa
(m. 1994)
Children2
EducationHarvard University (AB)
London School of Economics
(MA)
University of Minnesota (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Ronald James Kind (born March 16, 1963) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Wisconsin's 3rd congressional district, since 1997. He is a member of the Democratic Party. The district is located in the western part of the state and is anchored by La Crosse, Eau Claire, Platteville, Stevens Point, Wisconsin Rapids, Prescott, and River Falls.

As of the start of the 117th Congress, Ron Kind is the senior member of Wisconsin's congressional delegation.

Early life, education and career

Kind was born and raised in La Crosse, the third of five children born to Greta and Elroy Kind. His is the fifth generation of his family to live in the area.[1] Kind's mother formerly worked as the assistant director of personnel in the La Crosse School District. His father had a 35-year career as a telephone repairman and union leader at the La Crosse Telephone Company.[1]

Kind attended the public schools in La Crosse and became a standout student athlete at Logan High School in both football and basketball. He accepted a scholarship to Harvard College, from which he graduated with honors in 1985. While attending Harvard, Kind played quarterback on the football team and worked during the summer for Wisconsin Senator William Proxmire in Washington. While working for Proxmire, he took part in investigations that helped determine the "winners" of the famous Golden Fleece Awards, presented by the senator to those responsible for government waste.[1]

Kind went on to receive a master's degree from the London School of Economics and a J.D. degree from the University of Minnesota Law School. He practiced law for two years at the law firm of Quarles and Brady in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Kind returned to his hometown of La Crosse to become an assistant district attorney. He later served as a state special prosecutor in several counties in western Wisconsin.[1]

U.S. House of Representatives

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Tenure

Kind was the House Democrat's Chief Deputy Whip under Steny Hoyer. He was co-founder of both the Upper Mississippi River Congressional Caucus and the Congressional Wildlife Refuge Caucus, and chair of the New Democrat Coalition. He voted with his party 87% of the time in the 112th Congress and 94% of the time in the 111th Congress.[8] During the 114th Congress Kind was ranked as the 19th most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives and the most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin in the Bipartisan Index. The Index was created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy and ranks members of the United States Congress by their degree of bipartisanship by measuring the frequency each member's bills attract co-sponsors from the opposite party and each member's co-sponsorship of bills by members of the opposite party.[9]

Kind has been a member of the influential Ways and Means Committee since 2007. His work on the Subcommittee on Health has been focused primarily on health care issues within small business. As a member of the Natural Resources Committee, he has worked on the restoration of the Mississippi River and has been especially concerned about invasive species that threaten the river's ecosystem. He also concentrates on agricultural reform.[10]

After the failed effort to unseat Governor Scott Walker in a June 2012 recall election, Kind said that Democrats should be proud of forcing recall elections despite the outcome. He said that his conversations with voters had convinced him that the only reason that Democrats lost was because people didn't think it was a proper use of the recall process.[11]

Kind opposed Nancy Pelosi's bids for the Speaker of the House in both 2006 and 2018. After winning control of the House in 2006, Pelosi asked Kind to resign from his position as Chief Deputy Whip.[12] In 2018, as Democrats were again poised to win a majority, he again noted his opposition, saying to The Hill: "I've been consistent in saying we're in desperate need of new leadership on both sides, as we move forward in the new Congress."[13] Kind followed through on his election pledge to oppose Pelosi and voted instead for Congressman John Lewis in the election for Speaker in 2019.[14]

On December 18, 2019, Kind voted for both articles of impeachment against President Donald J. Trump.[15]

Issues and political positions

Agricultural issues

While he represents some of the country's most productive dairy farms, Kind has for many years supported reforms to U.S. agricultural subsidy programs.[16] In 2007, Kind upset Democratic House leaders by co-sponsoring—with Republican congressman Jeff Flake—a bill that would have eliminated subsidies for those earning over $250,000 while increasing funding for conservation and rural development. At the time, the bill split the Democratic caucus which had previously agreed to a similar bill which set the cutoff at $1,000,000—in order to placate rural farm-state Democrats. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who had worked to make the original bill accommodating for those rural Democratic interests, was upset with Kind's proposal. Agricultural Committee Chairman Collin Peterson said Kind was, "a lone ranger on this, and he's dividing the caucus, and I don't appreciate it."[17] Kind's proposal was ultimately referred to committee and never saw a vote.[18]

Child labor

In February 2012, Kind applauded the U.S. Department of Labor for agreeing to re-examine a proposed rule that would prohibit children from working on family farms—a rule that was intended to curb child labor. "These rules would create an unnecessary burden on our family farmers," said Kind. "They don't make sense and don't take into account the way our family farms operate."[19]

In July 2014, Kind introduced a bill that would prohibit the import of goods made by child labor, slave labor, or forced labor. "The United States must be a leader in elevating labor standards around the world. As a nation, it's critical that we stand united against exploitative labor practices in any country," said Kind.[20]

Childhood obesity

Kind and Colorado Senator Mark Udall introduced the Healthy Kids Outdoors Act, aimed at encouraging and supporting children's outdoor activities.[21][22] He has been the House sponsor of the FIT Kids Act for the last several House sessions. The Act would require school districts to report on students' physical activity and to give youngsters health and nutritional information.[23]

In 2011, Kind wrote a piece about "the childhood obesity epidemic," in which he promoted both the FIT Kids Act and the Healthy Kids Outdoors Act. He said that healthy bodies lead to healthy minds, and that his FIT Kids Act would push parents and the public by requiring states and school districts to report on children's physical activity. As for the Healthy Kids Outdoors Act, it "provides state-level incentives to develop five-year state strategies to connect children, youth and families with nature and promote outdoor recreation in communities."[24]

Environment

Kind speaks at U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service opening ceremony

In October 2017, Kind announced a plan to protect the Mississippi River. It involved "four main parts: creating jobs by supporting recreation, tourism and navigation; maintaining railroad safety; supporting the Mississippi River Restoration Program; and promoting the 'Conservation on the Farm' bill.[25]

Gun control

Up through and during the 2012 campaign, Kind opposed any form of enhanced gun control, but after the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting he seemed to be open to it, saying, "We're going to have to have a discussion while also keeping in mind the concerns of law-abiding, safety-conscious gun owners in America." He added, "I just don't see where armed guards or teachers with guns in our schools means freedom for our children."[26]

WIZM reported in February 2018 that Kind was one of a relatively small number of Democrats who had received contributions from the National Rifle Association. Since 2009, he had accepted $7,950 in from various NRA political action committees. He had also collected $5,400 from the Connecticut-based National Shooting Sports Foundation, which calls itself "The Firearms Industry Trade Association." The NRA endorsed Kind in 2010.[27]

Health care

Kind supported and voted for the Affordable Care Act, denying at a public event that insurers were cancelling insurance. Rather, they were signing customers up "with new plans that are compliant with ACA." He insisted that under five percent of the population would lose their insurance under Obamacare and that most would "get a much better deal in the healthcare exchange—good price and much better benefits than what they were paying before." He added that young people are "probably going to get a real good deal" under Obamacare.[28]

Kind voted against the 2017 Republican health-care bill. "I thought it was a bad piece of legislation," he said, "both in the process of how it came together and the impact it will have for people back home."[29]

Immigration

In October 2014, Kind said he supported "comprehensive immigration reform that secures our borders, helps our farmers and businesses meet their labor needs, and fairly addresses the millions of undocumented individuals in the shadows."[30] On October 20, 2017, Kind spoke up in defense of DACA, saying that Dreamers "are as American as anyone else's children."[31]

When then-presidential candidate Donald Trump called in 2015 for temporarily banning all Muslims from entering the United States, Kind said Trump was "playing in the same huddle as ISIS" and was making ISIS recruiting easier by playing into the terrorist group's narrative.[32]

In January 2017, Kind issued a statement in which he maintained that "President Trump's Executive Order blocking refugees and people from select Muslim countries from entering the United States does not reflect who we are as a nation. We cannot start discriminating based on religion. Instead of helping keep our country safe it will jeopardize our national security by giving ISIS and other terror groups another recruitment tool and making it harder for our allies in Muslim nations to work with us on counter-terrorism operations."[33]

Marijuana legalization

Kind has evolved on the issue of marijuana legalization. While running for re-election in 2014, he indicated his support for medical marijuana, but opposed "the full legalization of recreational marijuana." Though he also noted, "Colorado and Washington State have taken the lead to decriminalize marijuana. We should watch those experiments closely before deciding to legalize recreational marijuana nationally."[30] Six year later, when the House of Representatives considered a standalone bill for the legalization of marijuana in December 2020, Kind voted in favor.[34]

Student loans and higher education

In 2010, Kind supported the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act, which expanded Pell Grants and ended the policy of federally-subsidized private student loans.[35] The act was ultimately incorporated into the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, which was signed by President Obama in March of 2010.[36]

In 2017, Kind introduced the Bank on Students Emergency Loan Refinancing Act which would have enabled borrowers with outstanding student loans to refinance at an interest rate below 4%. Kind intended to get this reform attached to the planned reauthorization of the Higher Education Act.[37] Despite getting 136 co-sponsors, the bill was never released from committee.[38]

Taxation and retirement

In 2017, Kind rejected the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 as a rehash of failed trickle-down economics policies. He indicated he personally supported tax reform to simplify the tax code, but accused the Republicans of blowing up the deficit in their rush to cut taxes for their corporate allies, saying the Republican plan would lead to future cuts to Medicare and Social Security and would not invigorate the economy.[31]

Kind was an early co-sponsor of the bipartisan SECURE Act of 2019, which contained a number of provisions to expand access to retirement planning options and to encourage employers to set up retirement plans for workers. The bill, originally introduced in late March 2019, was passed into law in December 2019 as part of the fiscal year 2020 federal appropriations bill.[39]

Trade

Kind was the lone Wisconsin Democrat to support free trade with China, despite pressure from unions that claimed trade with China is costing jobs.[40][41]

The La Crosse Tribune reported in January 2014 that Kind was coming "under increasing criticism from those on the left who say his support of new free-trade agreements will kill jobs." For example, he urged fellow House members to vote for the Trans-Pacific Partnership—a comprehensive agreement with 11 other Pacific nations, vilified by both Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump. "As a member of his district I'm frustrated with Ron Kind because I've been a supporter in the past," said activist Karli Wallace. "It's a little embarrassing to me that he seems to wants to position himself as the fig leaf of bipartisanship that can help this skate through Congress somehow." Kind also supported a measure that would allow future such deals to be negotiated without congressional involvement. "It's actually a crippling of democracy," said Bill Brockmiller, president of the Western Wisconsin AFL-CIO. "Whether or not you support the TPP, fast-track authority to a lot of people's thinking is an archaic way of passing things and an offense to democracy."[42][43]

At the Democratic National Convention in 2016, after Kind had spoken to a group of Wisconsin delegates, he was surrounded by protesters hecking him for his support of the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal. "There's confusion; people are conflating trade with trade agreements," Kind insisted. "The trade that's going on absent trade agreements has not worked well for us: China, Brazil, India. We don't have trade agreements with those countries."[44]

Ultimately, at the direction of President Donald Trump, the U.S. withdrew from consideration of the TPP, and the remaining members consolidated the agreement into the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, which came into force in 2018.[45]

Veterans issues

Kind announced in May 2014 that he would ask for the establishment of an independent bipartisan commission to investigate conditions at VA hospitals.[46]

War on Terrororism

On October 10, 2002, Kind voted for the Authorization to use military force against Iraq.[47] He later expressed regret for that vote, saying in 2008, "It was the wrong war at the wrong time for the wrong reason," Kind explained.[48] and in 2016, "My great regret is that if you look at the Iraq resolution that we had to vote on, there were multiple steps that had to be taken before the use of force. My great regret is realizing now that President Bush wasn't interested in those steps. He ordered the troops in when it wasn't a last resort."

In a January 2007 letter to President Bush, Kind and a dozen-odd other Members of Congress wrote that success in Iraq "requires regional cooperation and positive engagement from all neighboring states. The history of the Middle East is too vast, too complex and too tumultuous to expect progress without an integrated diplomatic effort and multinational support from all of Iraq's neighbors. History is replete with centuries of marked violence and failed crusades, perpetrated by ignorance, arrogance and dogma."[49][50]

In September 2014, Kind said that he opposed "sending any military combat troops in order to deal with ISIS," but expressed support for President Obama's "decisions to use targeted airstrikes in Syria and Iraq to degrade and destroy ISIS, and to send service members to assist Iraqi and Kurdish forces with training and intelligence."[51]

Political campaigns

While running for re-election in 1994, long-time incumbent congressman Steve Gunderson announced that it would be his last term in the House, representing Wisconsin's 3rd congressional district.[52] Ron Kind, then an assistant district attorney in La Crosse, moved quickly to set up a campaign operation. In April 1995, he took a leave of absence from the district attorney's office and by June he boasted an extensive campaign operation across the district.[53] In September 1995, Kind made his campaign official and announced his candidacy.[54] A year-long, five-way Democratic primary contest ensued; Kind prevailed in the September 1996 primary election, carrying 46% of the vote.[55] In the general election, he faced Republican James Harsdorf, a former Wisconsin state senator. At the time of the 1996 election, only two democrats had represented Wisconsin's 3rd congressional district over the course of the 20th century and only one in the last 88 years; the election was hotly contested with national political figures appearing in support of both congressional candidates. Kind's campaign attacked Harsdorf for his stated support for polarizing national Republican leaders such as Newt Gingrich and Dick Armey, and used it to link him to unpopular Republican policies such as cutting Medicare;[56] Harsdorf bashed Kind as "another lawyer running for Congress." In the general election, Kind prevailed with 52% of the vote.[55] Kind didn't face another contest nearly that close until 2010.

2006

In 2006, Kind faced a surprise primary challenge from La Crosse activist Charles "Chip" DeNure, who ran unsuccessfully for Mayor in 2001 and had flirted with several other mayoral campaigns. He challenged Kind over the issue of the Iraq War, with DeNure declaring his support for a timetable to withdraw American forces. DeNure also claimed the September 11 attacks were "an inside job by terrorists within the U.S. government."[57] Kind ultimately won 83% of the primary vote and went on to defeat Republican Paul R. Nelson with 65% of the vote in the general election.[58][59]

2010

In late 2009, Kind considered running for Governor of Wisconsin in 2010 but ultimately said that instead, he would push in Congress for health-care reform. "My first responsibility must be to get affordable and accessible health care reform passed this year for all Wisconsin families," he said. "That is why I cannot run for governor. I have a responsibility and duty to the people of Wisconsin to continue work on the health care reform agenda ahead of us."[60] The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reported, however, that he had given up on running for governor "after a poll showed that few Wisconsinites knew him."[61]

In the midst of the difficult and controversial passage of the Affordable Care Act and the Tea Party protests of 2009 and 2010, Wisconsin media described Kind as facing "what is widely considered his toughest re-election challenge." His Republican opponent, state senator Dan Kapanke, who represented much of the central portion of the district, "focused almost exclusively on three core Republican issues—less spending, lower taxes, and smaller government."[62] Kapanke also criticized Kind for allegedly soliciting thousands of dollars in 2007 from a group of Eau Claire doctors.[63] Despite a national Republican wave, which also saw Republicans win every statewide office in Wisconsin, Kind survived the challenge from Kapanke with just over 50% of the vote.[64]

2012

There was talk that Kind might run for the U.S. Senate in 2012 to replace the retiring Herb Kohl, but he decided not to mount a primary challenge to fellow member of congress Tammy Baldwin, who had already announced a senate run.[65] There was also a push to draft Kind to run for governor against Scott Walker in the 2012 gubernatorial recall election.[66]

Kind ultimately decided to run for reelection to Congress. He faced retired U.S. Army Colonel Ray Boland in the November election and won 64% of the general election vote.[67]

2016

In 2016, seeking his eleventh term in Congress, Kind faced a primary challenge from Eau Claire teacher Myron Buchholz. Buchholz was an outspoken supporter of U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders, who had been defeated in the 2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries but had carried Kind's congressional district in the Wisconsin presidential primary. For his part, Kind said, "I think that people have gotten to know me. I will not apologize for trying to find common ground in divided government," and defended his support for the Trans-Pacific Partnership, an issue which was polarizing working-class voters.[68] Kind defeated Myron Buchholz, 81% to 19%, in the primary, and faced no Republican challenger in the general election.[69][70]

2018

In April 2017, The Hill reported that Kind was a "prime target" for Republicans in the 2018 elections.[71] The article cited a number of concerns for Kind, including the fact that Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump had carried his congressional district in the 2016 presidential election. The Cook Political Report also cited Kind's district as the 25th most Republican-trending district currently held by a Democrat. Kind was also facing criticism over the fact that a veteran who had died after taking an off-label mixture of pills prescribed to him by the Tomah VA had previously contacted Kind's congressional office.[71]

Kind also faced a potential primary challenge in 2018 from 36-year-old LGBTQ advocate Juliet Germanotta, who described herself as transgender, HIV positive, and a democratic socialist.[72] However, in February 2018, Germanotta was charged on an outstanding warrant in New York City for the theft of a $4,800 ring.[73] Germanotta ultimately failed to gather enough signatures to appear on the primary ballot, and Kind avoided a primary.[74]

Despite Republican hopes for the district, on November 6, 2018, Kind was easily reelected, defeating Republican Steve Toft with 59% of the vote.[75]

Personal life

Kind and his wife, Tawni, live in his hometown of La Crosse.[76] She is an official court reporter for the County Court system. They have two sons, Johnny (born in August 1996), a sophomore at UW-River Falls and Matthew (born in May 1998).[76]

Kind is a member of the La Crosse Optimists Club, a leader in the Boys and Girls Club, and the La Crosse YMCA. He is also on the board of directors for Coulee Council on Alcohol or Other Drug Abuse. His wife organizes the annual Congressional Art Competition for high school artists in western Wisconsin.[77]

Controversies

Rangel ethics probe

In October 2009, The Hill profiled Kind, focusing on his challenge to "the Democratic status quo." While calling him "an influential voice on...ethics," The Hill also noted that Kind had refused to join in the effort that year to have Ways and Means Chairman Charles Rangel (D-N.Y.) step down amid an ethics probe involving Rangel's taxes. "We're all ultimately human and none of us are perfect and we're all prone to mistakes from time to time," Kind had explained. "If that becomes that new standard - that any mistake is subject to dismissal or losing their position - then that's going to be a very tough standard for each and every member to have to live up to."[78]

Pay-for-talk controversy

In October 2010, two doctors at the OakLeaf Surgical Hospital in Eau Claire charged that Kind had demanded campaign donations before meeting them to discuss the Children's Health and Medical Protection Act. Kind denied the accusation. One of the accusers, a surgeon who requested anonymity, asserted in a sworn statement that a Kind aide explained that he "typically requires a contribution of $10,000 for a one to two-hour personal meeting and $25,000 for a half-day meeting." [79]

Electoral history

U.S. House

Year Election Date Elected Defeated Total Plurality
1996[55] Primary Democratic 13,685 46.01% Dem. 8,582 28.86% 29,741 5,103
Dem. 5,370 18.06%
Dem. 1,108 3.73%
Dem. 996 3.35%
General Democratic 121,967 52.10% Rep. 112,146 47.90% 234,113 9,821
1998[80] General Democratic 128,256 71.55% Rep. 51,001 28.45% 179,257 77,255
2000[81] General Democratic 173,505 63.74% Rep. 97,741 35.91% 271,246 75,764
2002[82] General Democratic 131,038 62.82% Rep. 69,955 33.54% 208,581 61,083
Lib. 6,674 3.20%
2004[83] General Democratic 204,856 56.43% Rep. 157,866 43.49% 363,008 46,990
2006

[58][59]

Primary Democratic 39,765 83.66% Dem. 7,744 16.29% 47,529 32,021
General Democratic 163,322 64.79% Rep. 88,523 35.12% 252,087 74,799
2008[84] General Democratic 225,208 63.19% Rep. 122,760 34.44% 356,400 102,448
Lib. 8,236 2.31%
2010[64] General Democratic 126,380 50.28% Rep. 116,838 46.49% 251,340 9,542
Ind. 8,001 3.18%
2012[67] General Democratic 217,712 64.08% Rep. 121,713 35.82% 339,764 95,999
2014[85] General Democratic 155,368 56.46% Rep. 119,540 43.44% 275,161 35,828
Ind. 128 0.05%
2016[69][70] Primary Democratic 33,320 81.24% Dem. 7,689 18.75% 41,016 25,631
General Democratic 257,401 98.86% Rep. 169 0.06% 260,370 254,601
2018[75] General Democratic 187,888 59.65% Rep. 126,980 40.31% 314,989 60,908
2020[86][87] Primary Democratic 53,064 80.59% Dem. 12,765 19.39% 65,841 40,299
General Democratic 199,870 51.30% Rep. 189,524 48.64% 389,618 10,346

References

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  60. ^ Associated Press (September 24, 2009). "Kind won't run for Wisconsin governor". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2018.
  61. ^ Umhoefer, Dave (September 24, 2009). "Eyes on Barrett as Kind opts out of governor's race". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2018.
  62. ^ Lindquist, Eric (October 24, 2010). "Kind's toughest challenge". Eau Claire Leader-Telegram. Retrieved 2018.
  63. ^ Lindquist, Eric. "Rep. Kind wins tight contest". Eau Claire Leader-Telegram. p. A1. Retrieved 2020.
  64. ^ a b 2010 Fall General Election Results Summary (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin Government Accountability Board. December 1, 2010. p. 3. Retrieved 2020.
  65. ^ Stewart, Rebecca (September 15, 2011). "Rep. Ron Kind declines senate bid". CNN. Retrieved 2012.
  66. ^ "Kind, Obey avoid confirming recall petition signatures". WXOW. Archived from the original on April 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012 – via Wayback Machine.
  67. ^ a b Canvass Results for 2012 Presidential and General Election - 11/6/2012 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin Government Accountability Board. December 26, 2012. p. 3. Retrieved 2020.
  68. ^ Bergquist, Lee (July 24, 2016). "Election 2016: Ron Kind faces challenge in August Democratic primary". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2020.
  69. ^ a b Canvass Results for 2016 Partisan Primary - 8/9/2016 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin Government Accountability Board. September 30, 2016. p. 3. Retrieved 2020.
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  71. ^ a b Kamisar, Ben (April 27, 2017). "Lawmakers targeted as district politics shift". The Hill. Retrieved 2018.
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  73. ^ "Potential Ron Kind challenger will be extradited to New York to face larceny charge". La Crosse Tribune. February 14, 2018. Retrieved 2020.
  74. ^ "No primary for Kind or GOP challenger Toft". The Chippewa Herald. June 4, 2018. Retrieved 2020.
  75. ^ a b Canvass Results for 2018 General Election - 11/6/2018 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin Elections Commission. February 22, 2019. p. 4. Retrieved 2020.
  76. ^ a b "About | Congressman Ron Kind". U.S. House of Representatives, Office of Congressman Ron Kind. Retrieved .
  77. ^ "Elect Ron Kind for Congress - Wisconsin Third Congressional District". Ronkind.org. Retrieved .
  78. ^ Crabtree, Susan. "Killing them with Kind-ness: Rep. Kind uses diplomacy to challenge leaders". The Hill. Retrieved 2018.
  79. ^ Bice, Daniel. "Political mystery unfolds in Western Wisconsin". Milwaukee-Wisconsin Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2018.
  80. ^ Barish, Lawrence S.; Meloy, Patricia E., eds. (1999). "Elections". State of Wisconsin 1999-2000 Blue Book (Report). State of Wisconsin. p. 862. Retrieved 2020.
  81. ^ Results of Fall General Election - 11/07/2000 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin State Elections Board. May 10, 2001. p. 3. Retrieved 2020.
  82. ^ Results of Fall General Election - 11/05/2002 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin State Elections Board. December 2, 2002. p. 4. Retrieved 2020.
  83. ^ Results of Fall General Election - 11/02/2004 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin State Elections Board. December 1, 2004. p. 3. Retrieved 2020.
  84. ^ Results of Fall General Election - 11/04/2008 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin State Elections Board. December 1, 2008. p. 3. Retrieved 2020.
  85. ^ Canvass Results for 2014 General Election - 11/4/2014 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin Government Accountability Board. November 26, 2014. p. 3. Retrieved 2020.
  86. ^ Canvass Results for 2020 Partisan Primary - 8/11/2020 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin Government Accountability Board. August 26, 2020. p. 2. Retrieved 2020.
  87. ^ Canvass Results for 2020 General Election - 11/3/2020 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin Elections Commission. November 18, 2020. p. 2. Retrieved 2020.

Further reading

  • Profile at the Democratic Party of Wisconsin (archived)

External links


Party political offices
Preceded by
Cal Dooley
Jim Moran
Tim Roemer
Chair of the New Democrat Coalition
2001-2005
Served alongside: Jim Davis, Adam Smith
Succeeded by
Ellen Tauscher
Preceded by
Joe Crowley
Chair of the New Democrat Coalition
2013-2017
Succeeded by
Jim Himes
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Steve Gunderson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 3rd congressional district

1997-present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Kay Granger
United States Representatives by seniority
39th
Succeeded by
Jim McGovern

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Ron_Kind
 



 



 
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