Robert Wallop
Get Robert Wallop essential facts below. View Videos or join the Robert Wallop discussion. Add Robert Wallop to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Robert Wallop

Robert Wallop (20 July 1601 - 19 November 1667) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times from 1621 to 1660. He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War and was one of the regicides of King Charles I of England.[1]

Early life

Wallop was the only son of Sir Henry Wallop of Farleigh Wallop, Hampshire, and his wife, Elizabeth Corbet, daughter of Robert Corbet of Moreton Corbet, Shropshire.

Career

In 1621, Wallop was elected Member of Parliament for Andover and re-elected in 1624. In 1625, he was elected MP for Hampshire and re-elected in 1626. He was elected MP for Andover again in 1628 and sat until 1629, when King Charles decided to rule without parliament for eleven years.[2]

Wallop refused to contribute towards the Bishops' War of 1639-40 out of antipathy to the king. In April 1640, he was elected MP for Andover for the Short Parliament and was re-elected for the Long Parliament in November 1640.[2]

He supported parliament in the Civil War, joining in all the subsequent votes against the king. Nevertheless, the king had such confidence in Wallop's honour that in 1645 he said to Parliament he should be willing to put the militia into Wallop's hands with many noblemen and others upon such terms as his commissioners at Uxbridge had agreed upon; however, this proposal was rejected.[3] Wallop survived Pride's Purge to sit in the Rump Parliament and was named by the army grandees as one of the 59 commissioners who sat in judgement at the trial of Charles I. He attended the trial and sat in the Painted Chamber 15 and 22 January and in Westminster Hall 22 and 23 January, but he did not sign the death warrant.[4]

Under the Commonwealth, Wallop was elected one of the Council of State in 1649 and 1650; however, he submitted to Cromwell's government with very great reluctance, having a determined preference for a republic. He was willing to work against the Cromwellian interest to restore his preferred parliament as a proof of his sentiments and courage. For example, when Cromwell wished to form the First Protectorate Parliament to help in the government of the Protectorate, Cromwell wished to keep Sir Henry Vane out of the parliament. He prevented Vane being returned at Kingston upon Hull and Bristol, though it was said Vane had the majority of votes in those two cities. Wallop supported Vane and used his influence to have Vane chosen by the borough of Whitchurch, Hampshire, which so enraged the Cromwellian faction that they sent a menacing letter to Wallop which was signed by most of the justices of the peace for the county. The letter stated that if Wallop continued to support Vane, they would oppose Wallop's attempt to become an MP. Wallop ignored them, assisted Vane and was elected MP for Hampshire in 1654 in spite of the opposition of the justices of the peace.[5] Wallop was re-elected in 1656 and 1659.[2]

After the fall of the Cromwellian interest, Wallop showed his sincere zeal for the Long Parliament as the support of the republic, and they procured him a seat in 1659 in their council of state. In the following December, having assisted with others in securing Portsmouth, he received their thanks for the good and important services he had rendered them.[5] In April 1660, he was elected MP for Whitchurch in the Convention Parliament, but did not take part in its proceedings and was disabled from sitting on 11 June.[2]

At the restoration of the monarchy, Wallop was excepted from receiving any benefit of his estate under the Act of Indemnity and subjected to further punishment. He was brought up to the bar of the House of Commons with Lord Monson and Sir Henry Mildmay. After being required to confess his guilt, he was sentenced to be degraded from his gentility, drawn upon a sledge to and under the gallows at Tyburn with a halter around his neck and to be imprisoned for life. This sentence was solemnly executed upon him on 30 January 1662, which was the anniversary of the king's execution.[6] He died on 19 November 1667 and his body was sent to Farleigh Wallop to be interred with his ancestors.[6]

Family life

Wallop married Ann Wriothesley, daughter of Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, by whom he had a son, Henry Wallop, his only child. Henry, through the interest of the then Lord High Treasurer, his maternal uncle Thomas Wriothesley, was permitted to enjoy those estates which his father's treason had forfeited. The biographer Mark Noble suggests that it was most probable on account of his family connection to Wallop that Thomas Wriothesley was so extremely strenuous in favour of those regicides who had surrendered.[6]

Henry married Dorothy Bluet, youngest daughter of John Bluet, and had four sons: Robert, who died in his father's lifetime; Henry, who became heir to his father, but died unmarried; John, who next enjoyed the estate; and Charles, who died unmarried before his father.[7] On 11 June 1720, King George I created Wallop's grandson, John, who became heir to the great estates of the family, Baron Wallop of Farley Wallop and Viscount Lymington, both in the county of Southampton.

References

  1. ^ David Plant, Robert Wallop, Regicide, 1601-67, British Civil Wars and Commonwealth website. Retrieved 11 July 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d History of Parliament Online - Wallop, Robert
  3. ^ Noble, pp. 301,302
  4. ^ Noble, p. 302
  5. ^ a b Noble, p. 303
  6. ^ a b c Noble, p. 304
  7. ^ Noble, p. 305
Attribution
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "The lives of the English regicides: and other commissioners of the pretended High court of justice, appointed to sit in judgement upon their sovereign, King Charles the First" Volume II, by Mark Noble (1798)
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Richard Venables
John Shuter
Member of Parliament for Andover
1621-1624
With: John Shuter
Succeeded by
Henry Wallop
Henry Shuter
Preceded by
Sir Daniel Norton
Sir Robert Oxenbridge
Member of Parliament for Hampshire
1625-1626
With: Henry Whitehead 1625
Henry Wallop 1626
Succeeded by
Henry Wallop
Daniel Norton
Preceded by
Henry, Lord Paulet
John Shuter
Member of Parliament for Andover
1628-1629
With: Ralph Conway
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Andover
1640-1653
With: Sir Richard Wynn, 2nd Baronet 1640
Sir Henry Rainsford 1640-1641
Henry Vernon 1641-1642
Sir William Waller 1642-1648
Succeeded by
Not represented in Barebones Parliament
Preceded by
Richard Norton
Richard Major
John Hildesley
Member of Parliament for Hampshire
1654-1659
With: Richard Norton
Richard Lord Cromwell 1654-1656
Edward Hooper 1654-1656
John Bulkeley 1654-1656
Richard Major 1654
John St Barbe 1654
Francis Rivett 1654
William Goffe 1656
Thomas Cole 1656
Richard Cobb 1656
Succeeded by
Richard Norton
Preceded by
Gabriel Beck
Robert Gough
Member of Parliament for Andover
1659-1660
With: Sir William Waller 1660
Succeeded by
Sir John Trott, 1st Baronet
John Collins
Preceded by
Not represented in the restored Rump
Member of Parliament for Whitchurch
1660
With: Giles Hungerford
Succeeded by
Henry Wallop
Giles Hungerford

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Robert_Wallop
 



 



 
Music Scenes