Robert H. McNaught
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Robert H. McNaught

Robert H. McNaught (born in Scotland in 1956) is a Scottish-Australian astronomer at the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics of the Australian National University (ANU). He has collaborated with David J. Asher of the Armagh Observatory.

The inner main-belt asteroid 3173 McNaught, discovered by Edward Bowell at Anderson Mesa Station in 1981, was named after him by its discoverer, following a suggestion by David Seargent.[2]

Work

McNaught is a prolific discoverer of asteroids and comets, described as "the world's greatest comet discoverer"[3] and he participated in the Siding Spring Survey (SSS) using the ANU's Uppsala Southern Schmidt Telescope.[4] He discovered the Great Comet C/2006 P1 on 7 August 2006, the brightest comet in several decades, which became easily visible to the naked eye for observers in the Southern Hemisphere.[5] The SSS was the only active professional Near Earth Object survey in the Southern Hemisphere. The survey ended in 2013 after funding dried up.[6]

McNaught previously worked on the Anglo-Australian Near-Earth Asteroid Survey from 1990-1996.[7]

Other work

McNaught worked at the University of Aston's satellite-tracking camera originally outside Evesham in 1982, thereafter at Herstmonceux and more recently at Siding Spring. In his spare time he successfully conducts patrols for novae, identifies images of prenovae and unusual variable stars on survey plates, measures their positions, makes astrometric observations of comets and minor planets and photometric observations of comets and novae. He also carries out extensive observational and computational work on meteors, as well as on occultations by minor planets.

Funding issues

On 11 July 2012 it was announced that McNaught's funding from NASA was to be cut and he would be temporarily funded from the ANU. In late 2012, the ANU advised that it could no longer support the program and that funds would not be available from January 2013.[8]

Discoveries

List of cometary discoveries

In total, McNaught has discovered 82 comets.

Long-period

McNaught has discovered 44 long-period comets:

  • C/1987 U3 (a. k. a. 1987 XXXII, 1987b1)
  • C/2005 E2
  • C/2005 L2
  • C/2005 L3
  • C/2005 S4
  • C/2006 B1
  • C/2006 E1
  • C/2006 K1
  • C/2006 K3
  • C/2006 L2
  • C/2006 P1 (Great Comet of 2007)
  • C/2006 Q1
  • C/2007 K6
  • C/2007 M1
  • C/2007 P1
  • C/2007 T1
  • C/2007 Y2
  • C/2008 A1
  • C/2008 J4
  • C/2009 F2
  • C/2009 F4
  • C/2009 F5
  • C/2009 K5
  • C/2009 R1
  • C/2009 T1
  • C/2010 J2
  • C/2011 C1
  • C/2011 G1
  • C/2011 L2
  • C/2011 L3
  • C/2011 N2
  • C/2011 Q2
  • C/2011 R1
  • C/2012 C1
  • C/2012 H2
  • C/2012 K6
  • C/2012 T4
  • C/2012 Y3
  • C/2013 A1
  • C/2013 E1
  • C/2013 F3
  • C/2013 G2
  • C/2013 G7
  • C/2013 J3
  • C/2013 O3

Short period

McNaught has discovered 26 short-period comets:

  • 191P/McNaught
  • 220P/McNaught
  • 254P/McNaught
  • 260P/McNaught
  • 278P/McNaught
  • P/2004 R1 (McNaught)
  • P/2005 J1 (McNaught)
  • P/2005 L1 (McNaught)
  • P/2005 Y2 (McNaught)
  • P/2006 G1 (McNaught)
  • P/2006 H1 (McNaught)
  • P/2007 H1 (McNaught)
  • P/2008 J3 (McNaught)
  • P/2008 O2 (McNaught)
  • P/2008 Y3 (McNaught)
  • P/2009 Q5 (McNaught)
  • P/2009 S2 (McNaught)
  • P/2009 U4 (McNaught)
  • P/2010 J5 (McNaught)
  • P/2011 L1 (McNaught)
  • P/2011 P1 (McNaught)
  • P/2011 Q3 (McNaught)
  • P/2012 O1 (McNaught)
  • P/2012 O2 (McNaught)
  • P/2012 O3 (McNaught)
  • P/2013 J2 (McNaught)

Co-discoveries

McNaught is the co-discoverer of the following comets:

  • P/Catalina-McNaught (a.k.a. P/2008 S1, 2008 JK)
  • P/McNaught-Hartley (a.k.a. P/1994 N2, 1994 XXXI, 1994n)
  • Comet McNaught-Hartley (a.k.a. C/1999 T1)
  • Comet McNaught-Tritton (a.k.a. C/1978 G2, 1978 XXVII)
  • Comet McNaught-Watson (a.k.a. C/1999 S2)

Groups

Comets McNaught-Hughes
Comets McNaught-Russell
  • C/1991 C3 (a.k.a. 1990 XIX, 1991g)
  • C/1991 Q1 (a.k.a. 1992 XI, 1991v)
  • C/1991 R1 (a.k.a. 1990 XXII, 1991w)
  • C/1993 Y1 (a.k.a. 1994 XI, 1993v)
  • 262P/McNaught-Russell (a.k.a. 1994 XXIV, 1994u)

List of discovered minor planets

As of 2016, Robert McNaught is credited by the Minor Planet Center with the discovery and co-discovery of 483 minor planets during 1975-2005.[1]

3904 Honda 22 February 1988 list
4093 Bennett 4 November 1986 list
4128 UKSTU 28 January 1988 list
4129 Richelen 22 February 1988 list
4220 Flood 22 February 1988 list
4456 Mawson 27 July 1989 list
4499 Davidallen 4 January 1989 list
4504 Jenkinson 21 December 1989 list
4638 Estens 2 March 1989 list
4667 Robbiesh 4 November 1986 list
4678 Ninian 24 September 1990 list
4679 Sybil 9 October 1990 list
4699 Sootan 4 November 1986 list
4704 Sheena 28 January 1988 list
4710 Wade 4 January 1989 list
4713 Steel 26 August 1989 list
23 June 1990 list
4956 Noymer 12 November 1990 list
4974 Elford 14 June 1990 list
5007 Keay 20 October 1990 list
5061 McIntosh 22 February 1988 list
5066 Garradd 22 June 1990 list
5068 Cragg 9 October 1990 list
5133 Phillipadams 12 August 1990 list
5136 Baggaley 20 October 1990 list
20 October 1990 list
5277 Brisbane 22 February 1988 list
5329 Decaro 21 December 1989 list
5335 Damocles 18 February 1991 list
5378 Ellyett 9 April 1991 list
5380 Sprigg 7 May 1991 list
5382 McKay 8 May 1991 list
5441 Andymurray 8 May 1991 list
5470 Kurtlindstrom 28 January 1988 list
5475 Hanskennedy 26 August 1989 list
5558 Johnnapier 24 November 1989 list
26 March 1992 list
5625 Jamesferguson 7 January 1991 list
16 June 1991 list
20 September 1990 list
5680 Nasmyth 30 December 1989 list
5682 Beresford 9 October 1990 list
5691 Fredwatson 26 March 1992 list
5739 Robertburns 24 November 1989 list
9 October 1990 list
10 February 1991 list
5782 Akirafujiwara 7 January 1991 list
5786 Talos 3 September 1991 list
1 July 1992 list
5845 Davidbrewster 19 August 1988 list
5883 Josephblack 6 November 1993 list
5914 Kathywhaler 20 November 1990 list
5961 Watt 30 December 1989 list
6012 Williammurdoch 22 September 1990 list
6019 Telford 3 September 1991 list
1 October 1991 list
4 March 1989 list
30 January 1993 list
6130 Hutton 24 September 1989 list
6194 Denali 12 October 1990 list
6316 Méndez 9 October 1990 list
10 February 1991 list
6411 Tamaga 8 October 1993 list
29 October 1991 list
25 April 1992 list
6461 Adam 4 November 1993 list
6523 Clube 1 October 1991 list
6564 Asher 25 January 1992 list
6708 Bobbievaile 4 January 1989 list
6870 Pauldavies 28 July 1992 list
6906 Johnmills 19 November 1990 list
6907 Harryford 19 November 1990 list
6916 Lewispearce 27 July 1992 list
4 January 1989 list
7096 Napier 3 November 1992 list
7120 Davidgavine 4 January 1989 list
7170 Livesey 30 June 1987 list
9 October 1990 list
7247 Robertstirling 12 October 1991 list
7345 Happer 28 July 1992 list
7 November 1993 list
1 October 1992 list
9 August 1994 list
20 November 1990 list
24 March 1992 list
7604 Kridsadaporn 31 August 1995 list
7660 Alexanderwilson 5 November 1993 list
20 September 1990 list
13 February 1991 list
3 July 1994 list
20 October 1993 list
21 August 1977 list
8028 Joeengle 30 August 1991 list
8030 Williamknight 29 September 1991 list
20 April 1993 list
8113 Matsue 21 April 1996 list[A]
8115 Sakabe 24 April 1996 list[B]
29 November 1991 list
8218 Hosty 8 May 1996 list
10 May 1996 list[C]
8283 Edinburgh 30 September 1991 list
8368 Lamont 20 February 1991 list
26 August 1989 list
8515 Corvan 4 September 1991 list
20 May 1990 list
20 May 1990 list
20 May 1990 list
8899 Hughmiller 22 September 1995 list
30 August 1991 list
9349 Lucas 30 September 1991 list
9391 Slee 14 August 1994 list
28 April 1990 list
9594 Garstang 4 September 1991 list
1 June 1975 list
9843 Braidwood 4 January 1989 list
9 October 1990 list
7 January 1991 list
7 February 1991 list
10 March 1991 list
9 April 1992 list
25 September 1994 list
12 March 1996 list
9984 Gregbryant 18 April 1996 list[D]
9985 Akiko 12 May 1996 list[A]
25 February 1988 list
30 September 1991 list
10188 Yasuoyoneda 14 May 1996 list[B]
1 October 1991 list
21 July 1989 list
12 October 1990 list
10736 Marybrück 22 February 1988 list
10737 Brück 25 February 1988 list
10773 Jamespaton 7 January 1991 list
10841 Ericforbes 12 August 1994 list
13 August 1988 list
4 January 1989 list
20 November 1990 list
30 September 1991 list
17 April 1994 list
31 May 1995 list
7 January 1991 list
18 March 1991 list
2 September 1991 list
30 December 1989 list
9 October 1990 list
12 October 1991 list
15 August 1994 list
12446 Juliabryant 15 August 1996 list[D]
12 October 1990 list
1 October 1991 list
12819 Susumutakahasi 12 May 1996 list[B]
25 February 1988 list
10 August 1988 list
30 December 1989 list
10 March 1991 list
15 June 1993 list
4 November 1993 list
13176 Kobedaitenken 21 April 1996 list[A]
4 January 1989 list
4 January 1989 list
4 January 1989 list
20 October 1990 list
18 March 1991 list
29 September 1991 list
30 September 1991 list
2 October 1991 list
13551 Gadsden 26 March 1992 list
13 August 1988 list
9 October 1990 list
13957 NARIT 7 January 1991 list
2 September 1991 list
21 September 1989 list
5 September 1991 list
14420 Massey 30 September 1991 list
30 September 1991 list
21 April 1993 list
21 September 1993 list
7 January 1991 list
4 November 1986 list
28 January 1988 list
25 February 1988 list
7 January 1991 list
1 October 1991 list
12 October 1991 list
20 October 1993 list
7 November 1993 list
15368 Katsuji 14 May 1996 list[B]
9 October 1990 list
9 October 1990 list
28 December 1995 list
2 March 1989 list
30 December 1989 list
27 April 1990 list
17 September 1990 list
9 October 1990 list
20 October 1990 list
19 November 1990 list
23 October 1993 list
22 February 1988 list
4 January 1989 list
27 April 1990 list
5 September 1991 list
30 September 1991 list
17503 Celestechild 26 March 1992 list
17555 Kenkennedy 4 November 1993 list
17640 Mount Stromlo 15 August 1996 list[D]
18376 Quirk 30 September 1991 list
28 September 1991 list
19 August 1992 list
18412 Kruszelnicki 13 June 1993 list
18413 Adamspencer 13 June 1993 list
9 May 1996 list
15 August 1996 list[D]
14 October 1996 list
30 December 1989 list
30 December 1989 list
20 May 1990 list
18 March 1991 list
30 September 1991 list
21 June 1995 list
20 May 1990 list
20002 Tillysmith 10 March 1991 list
30 September 1991 list
20043 Ellenmacarthur 2 March 1993 list
12 June 1994 list
22 September 1995 list
3 August 1999 list
11 November 1999 list
28 January 1988 list
8 May 1991 list
21073 Darksky 4 September 1991 list
26 July 1992 list
13 June 1993 list
13 June 1993 list
18 June 1993 list
14 August 1994 list
11 August 1994 list
21262 Kanba 24 April 1996 list[A]
30 September 1991 list
1 October 1991 list
18 June 1993 list
28 July 2000 list
28 January 1988 list
19 August 1988 list
20 October 1990 list
10 March 1991 list
30 September 1991 list
28 March 1996 list
28 January 1988 list
27 July 1989 list
24680 Alleven 30 December 1989 list
20 May 1990 list
9 October 1990 list
30 September 1991 list
30 September 1991 list
1 October 1991 list
1 October 1991 list
6 December 1994 list
4 January 1989 list
1 October 1991 list
3 August 1994 list
24 October 1994 list
20 December 1995 list
19 August 1990 list
9 October 1990 list
8 November 1990 list
2 September 1991 list
1 October 1991 list
1 October 1991 list
27 July 1992 list
28 August 1994 list
3 September 1999 list
22 February 1988 list
29 September 1991 list
4 January 1989 list
30 December 1989 list
9 October 1990 list
20 October 1993 list
29 January 1995 list
15 March 1996 list
11 July 1996 list
1 July 2000 list
20 September 1990 list
9 November 1991 list
4 September 1992 list
13 June 1993 list
20 October 1993 list
9 August 1994 list
6 November 1993 list
19 March 1994 list
21 March 1994 list
27 April 1990 list
19 August 1992 list
2 September 1992 list
15 June 1993 list
12 June 1994 list
29 January 1995 list
29 August 2000 list
30 September 1991 list
1 October 1991 list
11 September 1999 list
6 October 1999 list
15 October 1999 list
28 January 1988 list
7 January 1991 list
10 September 1994 list
19 August 1988 list
46568 Stevenlee 30 September 1991 list
24 February 1993 list
18 April 1993 list
18 April 1996 list
21 November 1989 list
30 December 1989 list
3 September 1991 list
30 September 1991 list
13 June 1993 list
20 October 1993 list
21 October 1993 list
7 February 1995 list
7 February 2000 list
17 September 1990 list
12 February 1991 list
9 November 1991 list
2 September 1992 list
16 August 1994 list
26 August 1994 list
24 February 1995 list
30 December 1989 list
28 July 1992 list
6 August 2000 list
9 October 1990 list
20 October 1990 list
1 October 1991 list
1 April 1994 list
2 June 1994 list
11 September 1994 list
3 October 1994 list
26 January 1996 list
3 August 1999 list
6 August 2000 list
6 August 2000 list
29 August 2000 list
22 February 1988 list
20 February 1991 list
1 July 1992 list
31 January 1993 list
14 June 1993 list
20 October 1993 list
6 March 2002 list
28 July 1992 list
13 June 1993 list
13 June 1993 list
26 August 1995 list
15 October 1999 list
28 January 1988 list
1 October 1991 list
3 September 1995 list
7 October 1999 list
30 September 1991 list
1 October 1991 list
12 August 1994 list
22 February 1988 list
21 July 1989 list
4 September 1992 list
24 May 1993 list
3 September 1999 list
9 February 2000 list
4 August 2000 list
6 August 2000 list
4 January 1989 list
9 October 1990 list
26 July 1992 list
24 February 1995 list
24 February 1995 list
22 May 1996 list[D]
6 August 2000 list
22 September 2000 list
11 December 2000 list
2 May 2002 list
25 February 1988 list
4 November 1993 list
25 February 2000 list
1 October 1991 list
13 June 1993 list
19 March 1994 list
2 April 1994 list
6 December 1994 list
22 September 1995 list
13 September 1999 list
25 February 2000 list
2 June 2000 list
105211 Sanden 29 July 2000 list
6 March 2002 list
21 April 2003 list
9 August 1996 list[D]
1 July 2000 list
14 August 2002 list
22 April 2003 list
29 January 1995 list
6 March 2002 list
14 August 2002 list
1 June 1995 list
3 September 1995 list
28 December 1995 list
14 August 2002 list
14 August 2002 list
18 July 2003 list
11 August 1996 list
22 July 2001 list
6 March 2002 list
22 July 2001 list
16 September 1990 list
4 September 1991 list
6 August 2000 list
18 July 2003 list
29 August 2000 list
22 July 1977 list
19 March 1994 list
2 July 2003 list
4 March 1990 list
1 October 1991 list
11 September 1994 list
5 October 1994 list
8 May 1996 list
6 March 2002 list
14 August 2002 list
12 August 1994 list
24 March 1996 list
2 April 2005 list
26 February 1996 list
14 August 2002 list
6 March 2002 list
26 August 1989 list
21 April 2003 list
18 July 2003 list
2 June 2003 list
17 July 2001 list
24 February 1995 list
2 September 1992 list
1 June 1995 list
18 July 2003 list
6 March 2002 list
30 August 1998 list
17 September 1990 list
13 September 1999 list
9 February 2000 list
18 July 2003 list
22 November 2004 list
6 March 2002 list
24 February 1995 list
8 June 2003 list
22 September 2005 list
22 April 2003 list
29 October 1994 list
25 February 1995 list
7 February 1995 list
4 August 2000 list
13 April 2004 list
31 March 2004 list
6 August 2000 list
6 March 2002 list
6 March 2002 list
6 March 2002 list
16 October 1999 list
18 September 2003 list
29 August 2000 list
6 March 2002 list
4 February 2000 list
18 March 1991 list
24 November 1995 list
6 August 2000 list
4 January 2004 list
22 September 1990 list[E]
15 December 2003 list
5 July 2005 list
21 October 1992 list
2 April 2005 list
6 March 2002 list
18 August 1995 list
6 February 2002 list
17 August 1999 list
6 December 1994 list
3 August 1999 list
Co-discovery made with:
A H. Abe
B Y. Ikari
C T. Kojima
D J. B. Child
E P. McKenzie

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(3173) McNaught". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names - (3173) McNaught. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 263. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_3174. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ Mobberley, Martin (2011). Hunting and imaging comets. New York: Springer. p. 75. ISBN 9781441969057.
  4. ^ "Earth-threatening space rocks hunted by ANU". Media releases. Australian National University. 6 April 2004. Retrieved 2007.
  5. ^ Kronk, Gary. "C/2007 P1 (McNaught)". Cometography. Retrieved 2013.
  6. ^ Safi, Michael (20 October 2014). "Earth at risk after cuts close comet-spotting program, scientists warn". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "AANEAS". Mt Stromlo Observatory. Archived from the original on 29 February 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ Vlahos, Perry (20 December 2012). "Who's on night watch?". Sydney Morning Herald.

External links


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