The Lord Carr of Hadley
Carr in 1951
|Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer|
4 March 1974 - 11 February 1975
|Secretary of State for the Home Department|
18 July 1972 - 4 March 1974
|Lord President of the Council|
Leader of the House of Commons
7 April 1972 - 5 November 1972
|Secretary of State for Employment|
20 June 1970 - 7 April 1972
|Member of Parliament|
28 February 1974 - 15 January 1976
|Member of Parliament|
23 February 1950 - 28 February 1974
|Member of the House of Lords|
15 January 1976 - 17 February 2012
|Born||11 November 1916|
|Died||17 February 2012(aged 95)|
|Alma mater||Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge|
Leonard Robert Carr, Baron Carr of Hadley, PC (11 November 1916 - 17 February 2012) was a 20th Century British Conservative Party politician who was the Home Secretary of the United Kingdom from 1972 to 1974.
Robert Carr was educated at Westminster School and Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, where he read Natural Sciences, graduating in 1938. After graduation he applied his knowledge of metallurgy at John Dale & Co, the family metal engineering firm.
In Edward Heath's government he served as Secretary of State for Employment and was responsible for the modernising Industrial Relations Act 1971, which balanced the introduction of compensation for unfair dismissal with curbs on the freedom to strike and the virtual abolition of closed shop agreements. The Industrial Relations Act 1971 was deeply disliked by the trade unions whose industrial action lead to the three day week and ultimately to the defeat of the government. The victorious Labour Party promptly repealed the Industrial Relations Act, replacing it with their own Trade Union and Labour Relations Act 1974 which, while scrapping the "offensive" provisions, effectively re-enacted the remainder of Carr's 1971 Act.
In 1971 he escaped injury when The Angry Brigade anarchist group exploded two bombs outside his house. More than thirty years later a member of the group issued a public apology to Carr, and sent him a Christmas card.
In 1972 he served a brief period as Lord President of the Council and was then appointed Home Secretary after the resignation of Reginald Maudling. After his defeat in the first ballot of the 1975 Conservative leadership contest, Edward Heath asked Carr to "take over the functions of leader" until a new leader was elected.
Carr died 17 February 2012 at the age of 95 years. His body was buried in the graveyard of St. Peters Church, in the Gloucestershire village of Farmington. He was survived by his wife, Joan, and two daughters.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Mitcham
1950 – 1974
| Member of Parliament for Carshalton
1974 – 1976
as Secretary of State for
Employment and Productivity
| Secretary of State for Employment
1970 – 1972
| Lord President of the Council
| Leader of the House of Commons|
| Home Secretary
1972 – 1974