Retroflex Nasal
Get Retroflex Nasal essential facts below. View Videos or join the Retroflex Nasal discussion. Add Retroflex Nasal to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Retroflex Nasal
Voiced retroflex nasal
?
IPA Number117
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ɳ
Unicode (hex)U+0273
X-SAMPAn`
Braille? (braille pattern dots-256)? (braille pattern dots-1345)
Audio sample

The voiced retroflex nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨?⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is n`.

Like all the retroflex consonants, the IPA symbol is formed by adding a rightward-pointing hook extending from the bottom of an en (the letter used for the corresponding alveolar consonant). It is similar to ⟨?⟩, the letter for the palatal nasal, which has a leftward-pointing hook extending from the bottom of the left stem, and to ⟨?⟩, the letter for the velar nasal, which has a leftward-pointing hook extending from the bottom of the right stem.

Features

Features of the voiced retroflex nasal:

  • Its manner of articulation is occlusive, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract. Because the consonant is also nasal, the blocked airflow is redirected through the nose.
  • Its place of articulation is retroflex, which prototypically means it is articulated subapical (with the tip of the tongue curled up), but more generally, it means that it is postalveolar without being palatalized. That is, besides the prototypical subapical articulation, the tongue contact can be apical (pointed) or laminal (flat).
  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
  • It is a nasal consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the nose, either exclusively (nasal stops) or in addition to through the mouth.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Enindhilyagwa yingarna [ji?a?a] 'snake'
Faroese ørn [oe] 'eagle'
Hindustani Hindi ? [a:] 'cold' See Hindustani phonology
Urdu
Kannada [e] 'dam'
Khanty Eastern dialects ??? [e] 'large'
Some northern dialects
Malayalam[1] [a] 'jaw'
Marathi ? [ba:] 'arrow' See Marathi phonology
Nepali [ä] 'egg' See Nepali phonology
Marshallese ?adikdik [r?iir?i?k] 'Knox Atoll'
Norwegian garn 'yarn' See Norwegian phonology
Odia [bi] 'old'
Pashto ‎/Ata? 'Attan'
Punjabi Gurmukhi [pura:?a:] 'old'
Shahmukhi
Swedish[2] garn 'yarn' See Swedish phonology
Tamil[3] ? [a?al] 'neck' See Tamil phonology
Telugu [go?ugu] 'murmur'
Vietnamese[4] anh tr? [a ?a] 'you pay' Allophone of /n/ before /?/ in Saigon dialect. See Vietnamese phonology

See also

Notes

References

  • Eliasson, Stig (1986), "Sandhi in Peninsular Scandinavian", in Anderson, Henning (ed.), Sandhi Phenomena in the Languages of Europe, Berlin: de Gruyter, pp. 271-300
  • Keane, Elinor (2004), "Tamil", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 34 (1): 111-116, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001549
  • Ladefoged, Peter (2005), Vowels and Consonants (Second ed.), Blackwell
  • Thompson, Laurence (1959), "Saigon phonemics", Language, 35 (3): 454-476, doi:10.2307/411232, JSTOR 411232

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Retroflex_nasal
 



 



 
Music Scenes