|County of Renfrew|
The administration building of the county government
Location of Renfrew County
|County seat||Pembroke (independent)|
|o Land||7,419.00 km2 (2,864.49 sq mi)|
|o Density||11.9/km2 (31/sq mi)|
|o Population (census division)||102,394|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||613 and 343|
When Carleton County was withdrawn from Bathurst District in 1838, Renfrew County was severed from part of the remaining Lanark County, but the two remained united for electoral purposes. By 1845, all lands in the District had been surveyed into the following townships:
Effective January 1, 1850, Bathurst District was abolished, and the "United Counties of Lanark and Renfrew" replaced it for municipal and judicial purposes. The counties remained united for electoral purposes in the Parliament of the Province of Canada, referred to as the County of Lanark, until Renfrew gained its own seat in 1853.
The separation of Renfrew from Lanark began in 1861, with the creation of a Provisional Municipal Council that held its first meeting in June 1861. The United Counties were dissolved in August 1866.
The territory was originally described in 1838 as consisting of:
...the Townships of Packenham, McNab, Horton, Ross, Westmeath and Pembroke, together with the unsurveyed lands within the District of Bathurst, and all the islands in the Ottawa River, wholly or in greater part opposite to the said Townships and unsurveyed lands...
In 1851, Pakenham was transferred to Lanark, while Renfrew was expanded through the addition of:
...all that tract of land lying between the Western Boundaries of the Townships of Lavant, Blithfield, Admaston, Bromley, Stafford and Pembroke and the Ottawa River, and a line drawn parallel to the general course of the said Boundaries of the said Townships from the western corner of the Township of Clarendon to the Ottawa River.
In 1860, the newly surveyed townships of Miller and Canonto were transferred to Frontenac County, while the townships of Raglan, Lyndoch, Radcliffe and Brudenell were added to Renfrew. The final expansion of the County occurred in 1877-1878, with the transfer of the United Townships of Hagarty, Sherwood, Jones, Richards and Burns, and the United Townships of Head, Clara and Maria, from Nipissing District.
Once all lands had been surveyed, the County consisted of the following townships:
|Map showing the city of Pembroke, with the five towns and twelve townships of Renfrew County, Ontario.|
City of Arnprior
Town of Deep River
Town of Laurentian Hills
Town of Petawawa
Town of Renfrew
Township of Admaston/Bromley
Township of Bonnechere Valley
Township of Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan
Township of Greater Madawaska
Township of Head, Clara and Maria
Township of Horton
Township of Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards
Township of Laurentian Valley
Township of Madawaska Valley
Township of McNab/Braeside
Township of North Algona Wilberforce
Township of Whitewater Region
|Current municipality||consisting of the townships of|
|Town of Arnprior|
|Town of Deep River|
|Town of Laurentian Hills||
|Town of Petawawa||
|Town of Renfrew|
|Township of Admaston/Bromley||
|Township of Bonnechere Valley||
|Township of Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan||
|Township of Greater Madawaska||
|Township of Head, Clara and Maria||
|Township of Horton||
|Township of Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards||
|Township of Laurentian Valley||
|Township of Madawaska Valley||
|Township of McNab/Braeside||
|Township of North Algona Wilberforce||
|Township of Whitewater Region||
Renfrew County is known for its lakeside cottages and white-water rafting along the Ottawa River, and has more than 900 lakes. It is located in the subregion of Southern Ontario named Eastern Ontario. Renfrew County is also the largest county in terms of area in Ontario, ahead of Hastings County.
The figures below are for the Renfrew census division, which combines Renfrew County, Pembroke and the Pikwakanagan First Nations Reserve.