Renfrew County
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Renfrew County
Renfrew County
County of Renfrew
The administration building of the county government
The administration building of the county government
Location of Renfrew County
Location of Renfrew County
Coordinates: 45°40?N 77°15?W / 45.667°N 77.250°W / 45.667; -77.250Coordinates: 45°40?N 77°15?W / 45.667°N 77.250°W / 45.667; -77.250
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Established1861
County seatPembroke (independent)
Municipalities
Area
 o Land7,419.00 km2 (2,864.49 sq mi)
Population
(2016)[1]
 o Total88,512
 o Density11.9/km2 (31/sq mi)
 o Population (census division)
102,394
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)613 and 343
Websitewww.countyofrenfrew.on.ca

Renfrew County is a county in the Canadian province of Ontario. It stands on the west bank of the Ottawa River. There are 17 municipalities in the county.

History

Bathurst District

When Carleton County was withdrawn from Bathurst District in 1838, Renfrew County was severed from part of the remaining Lanark County,[2] but the two remained united for electoral purposes.[3] By 1845, all lands in the District had been surveyed into the following townships:

Counties comprising Bathurst District (1845)
Lanark Renfrew
  • Bathurst
  • Beckwith
  • Drummond
  • Dalhousie
  • Darling
  • North Elmsley
  • North Burgess
  • Levant
  • Lanark
  • Montague
  • Ramsay
  • North Sherbrooke
  • South Sherbrooke
  • Admaston
  • Blithefield
  • Bagot
  • Bromley
  • Horton
  • McNab
  • Pakenham
  • Pembroke
  • Ross
  • Stafford
  • Westmeath

United Counties of Lanark and Renfrew

Effective January 1, 1850, Bathurst District was abolished, and the "United Counties of Lanark and Renfrew" replaced it for municipal and judicial purposes.[4] The counties remained united for electoral purposes in the Parliament of the Province of Canada, referred to as the County of Lanark,[5] until Renfrew gained its own seat in 1853.[6]

The separation of Renfrew from Lanark began in 1861, with the creation of a Provisional Municipal Council[7] that held its first meeting in June 1861.[8] The United Counties were dissolved in August 1866.[8]

Geographical evolution

The territory was originally described in 1838 as consisting of:

...the Townships of Packenham, McNab, Horton, Ross, Westmeath and Pembroke, together with the unsurveyed lands within the District of Bathurst, and all the islands in the Ottawa River, wholly or in greater part opposite to the said Townships and unsurveyed lands...[2]

In 1851, Pakenham was transferred to Lanark,[5] while Renfrew was expanded through the addition of:

...all that tract of land lying between the Western Boundaries of the Townships of Lavant, Blithfield, Admaston, Bromley, Stafford and Pembroke and the Ottawa River, and a line drawn parallel to the general course of the said Boundaries of the said Townships from the western corner of the Township of Clarendon to the Ottawa River.[5]

In 1860, the newly surveyed townships of Miller and Canonto were transferred to Frontenac County, while the townships of Raglan, Lyndoch, Radcliffe and Brudenell were added to Renfrew.[9] The final expansion of the County occurred in 1877-1878, with the transfer of the United Townships of Hagarty, Sherwood, Jones, Richards and Burns, and the United Townships of Head, Clara and Maria, from Nipissing District.[10]

Once all lands had been surveyed, the County consisted of the following townships:

Municipal reorganization (2001)

Map showing the city of Pembroke, with the five towns and twelve townships of Renfrew County, Ontario.[11]
1
City of Arnprior
2
Town of Deep River
3
Town of Laurentian Hills
4
Town of Petawawa
5
Town of Renfrew
6
Township of Admaston/Bromley
7
Township of Bonnechere Valley
8
Township of Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan
9
Township of Greater Madawaska
10
Township of Head, Clara and Maria
11
Township of Horton
12
Township of Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards
13
Township of Laurentian Valley
14
Township of Madawaska Valley
15
Township of McNab/Braeside
16
Township of North Algona Wilberforce
17
Township of Whitewater Region
Current municipality consisting of the townships of
Town of Arnprior
Town of Deep River
Town of Laurentian Hills
  • Buchanan
  • McKay
  • Rolph
  • Wylie
Town of Petawawa
  • Petawawa
Town of Renfrew
Township of Admaston/Bromley
  • Admaston
  • Bromley
Township of Bonnechere Valley
  • Grattan
  • Sebastopol
  • South Alcona
Township of Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan
  • Brudenell
  • Lyndoch
  • Raglan
Township of Greater Madawaska
  • Bagot
  • Blythfield
  • Brougham
  • Griffith
  • Matawatchan
Township of Head, Clara and Maria
  • Clara
  • Head
  • Maria
Township of Horton
  • Horton
Township of Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards
  • Hagarty
  • Richards
Township of Laurentian Valley
  • Alice
  • Fraser
  • Pembroke
  • Stafford
Township of Madawaska Valley
  • Burns
  • Jones
  • Radcliffe
  • Sherwood
Township of McNab/Braeside
  • McNab
Township of North Algona Wilberforce
  • North Algona
  • Wilberforce
Township of Whitewater Region
  • Ross
  • Westmeath

The county seat, Pembroke, is a separated municipality.

Geography

Entering Renfrew County from Quebec on QC148

Renfrew County is known for its lakeside cottages and white-water rafting along the Ottawa River, and has more than 900 lakes.[12] It is located in the subregion of Southern Ontario named Eastern Ontario. Renfrew County is also the largest county in terms of area in Ontario, ahead of Hastings County.

Demographics

The figures below are for the Renfrew census division, which combines Renfrew County, Pembroke and the Pikwakanagan First Nations Reserve.

Arts and culture

At Wilno, Ontario Canada's Kashubian community celebrates their heritage.

Military

The county is home to CFB Petawawa and gives its name to The Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Renfrew County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b An Act to erect certain townships now forming parts of the Districts of Bathurst, Johnstown and Ottawa, into a separate District, to be called the District of Dalhousie, and for other purposes therein mentioned, S.U.C. 1838, c. 25, s. 23
  3. ^ An Act for better defining the limits of the Counties and Districts in Upper Canada, for erecting certain new Townships, for detaching Townships from some Counties and attaching them to others, and for other purposes relative to the division of Upper Canada into Townships, Counties and Districts, S.Prov.C. 1845, c. 7, Sch. A, B
  4. ^ An Act for abolishing the Territorial Division of Upper-Canada into Districts, and for providing temporary Unions of Counties for Judicial and other purposes, and for the future dissolutions of such Unions, as the increase of wealth and population may require, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 78, Sch. B
  5. ^ a b c An Act to make certain alterations in the Territorial Divisions of Upper Canada, S.Prov.C. 1851, c. 5, Sch. C
  6. ^ An Act to enlarge the Representation of the People of this Province in Parliament, S.Prov.C. 1853, c. 152, s. 2(19)
  7. ^ An Act to provide for the separation of the County of Renfrew from the County of Lanark, S.Prov.C. 1861, c. 51
  8. ^ a b Mitchell, S.E. (1919). "The County Council". In Smallfield, W.E.; Campbell, Rev. Robert (eds.). The Story of Renfrew: From the Coming of the First Settlers about 1820. Volume One. Renfrew: Smallfield & Son. p. 191.
  9. ^ An Act to amend "An Act respecting the Territorial Division of Upper Canada", S.Prov.C. 1860, c. 39
  10. ^ Proclamations of June 2, 1877 and January 6, 1878, implementing An Act to apply the Municipal Law to certain Townships in the District of Nipissing, S.O. 1877, c. 30
  11. ^ Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #5 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2006. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ Renfrew County, Ontario, Canada located in the Ottawa Valley, County of Renfrew
  13. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017.
  14. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved .
  15. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.

External links


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