Register of the Treasury
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Register of the Treasury

The Register of the Treasury was an office of the United States Treasury Department. In 1919, the Register became the Public Debt Service which, in 1940, became the Bureau of the Public Debt.

The signature of the Register of the Treasury was found on almost all United States currency until 1923, along with that of the Treasurer of the United States. Four of the five African Americans whose signatures have appeared on U.S. currency were Registrars of the Treasury (Blanche K. Bruce, Judson W. Lyons, William T. Vernon and James C. Napier).[1][2][3]

African-Americans were dismayed early in the administration of Woodrow Wilson. Wilson appointed an African-American, Adam E. Patterson, for the position of Register of the Treasury. Southern senators, like Hoke Smith, James K. Vardaman, and Ben Tillman, were opposed to Patterson because of his race. They said they were opposed to any African-American for an office which would put them over Caucasian women. Patterson quickly withdrew his name, and, therefore, was unconfirmed. Wilson appointed a white man, Gabe E. Parker, to the Register of Treasury. Parker was the first white man to hold the position in fifteen years.[4]

Registers of the Treasury

The Treasury had eighteen Registers between 1861 and 1933.[5]

Name Dates served Name Dates served
Lucius E. Chittenden April 17, 1861 to August 10, 1864 Judson Whitlocke Lyons April 7, 1898 to April 1, 1906
S. B. Colby August 11, 1864 to September 21, 1867 William Tecumseh Vernon June 11, 1906 to March 14, 1911
Noah L. Jeffries October 5, 1867 to March 15, 1869 James Carroll Napier March 15, 1911 to September 30, 1913
John Allison April 3, 1869 to March 23, 1878 Gabe E. Parker October 1, 1913 to December 31, 1914
Glenni William Scofield April 1, 1878 to May 20, 1881 Houston Benge Teehee March 24, 1915 to November 20, 1919
Blanche Kelso Bruce May 21, 1881 to June 5, 1885 William S. Elliott November 21, 1919 to January 24, 1922
William Starke Rosecrans June 8, 1885 to June 19, 1893 Harley V. Speelman January 25, 1922 to September 30, 1927
James Fount Tillman July 1, 1893 to December 2, 1897 Walter Orr Woods October 1, 1927 to January 17, 1929
Blanche Kelso Bruce December 3, 1897 to March 17, 1898 Edward E. Jones January 22, 1929 to May 31, 1933


  1. ^ Turkel, Stanley (2005). Heroes of the American Reconstruction: Profiles of Sixteen Educators, Politicians and Activists. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 6. ISBN 0-7864-1943-1. Senator Bruce was also the first black man to preside over the Senate and the first whose signature appeared on all the nation's paper currency (as Register of the Treasury starting on May 18, 1881)
  2. ^ Holden, Henry M. (2006). To Be a U.S. Secret Service Agent. St Paul, Minnesota: Zenith Imprint. p. 90. ISBN 0-7603-2293-7.
  3. ^ "African Americans on Currency". Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Harvey, George (1913). "The North American Review". New York City: Franklin Square. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  5. ^ "Registers of the Treasury". USPaperMoney.Info. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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