The signature of the Register of the Treasury was found on almost all United States currency until 1923, along with that of the Treasurer of the United States. Four of the five African Americans whose signatures have appeared on U.S. currency were Registrars of the Treasury (Blanche K. Bruce, Judson W. Lyons, William T. Vernon and James C. Napier).
African-Americans were dismayed early in the administration of Woodrow Wilson. Wilson appointed an African-American, Adam E. Patterson, for the position of Register of the Treasury. Southern senators, like Hoke Smith, James K. Vardaman, and Ben Tillman, were opposed to Patterson because of his race. They said they were opposed to any African-American for an office which would put them over Caucasian women. Patterson quickly withdrew his name, and, therefore, was unconfirmed. Wilson appointed a white man, Gabe E. Parker, to the Register of Treasury. Parker was the first white man to hold the position in fifteen years.
|Name||Dates served||Name||Dates served|
|Lucius E. Chittenden||April 17, 1861||to||August 10, 1864||Judson Whitlocke Lyons||April 7, 1898||to||April 1, 1906|
|S. B. Colby||August 11, 1864||to||September 21, 1867||William Tecumseh Vernon||June 11, 1906||to||March 14, 1911|
|Noah L. Jeffries||October 5, 1867||to||March 15, 1869||James Carroll Napier||March 15, 1911||to||September 30, 1913|
|John Allison||April 3, 1869||to||March 23, 1878||Gabe E. Parker||October 1, 1913||to||December 31, 1914|
|Glenni William Scofield||April 1, 1878||to||May 20, 1881||Houston Benge Teehee||March 24, 1915||to||November 20, 1919|
|Blanche Kelso Bruce||May 21, 1881||to||June 5, 1885||William S. Elliott||November 21, 1919||to||January 24, 1922|
|William Starke Rosecrans||June 8, 1885||to||June 19, 1893||Harley V. Speelman||January 25, 1922||to||September 30, 1927|
|James Fount Tillman||July 1, 1893||to||December 2, 1897||Walter Orr Woods||October 1, 1927||to||January 17, 1929|
|Blanche Kelso Bruce||December 3, 1897||to||March 17, 1898||Edward E. Jones||January 22, 1929||to||May 31, 1933|
Senator Bruce was also the first black man to preside over the Senate and the first whose signature appeared on all the nation's paper currency (as Register of the Treasury starting on May 18, 1881)