Recommended Records
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Recommended Records

Recommended Records
ReR logo2005.png
FoundedMarch 1978
FounderChris Cutler
Distributor(s)R?R Megacorp (UK)
R?R USA (US)
Locus Solus (Japan)
GenreRock in Opposition, avant-rock, experimental music
Country of originEngland
LocationThornton Heath, London
Official websitewww.rermegacorp.com

Recommended Records (R?R) is a British independent record label and distribution network founded by Chris Cutler in March 1978. R?R features largely "Rock in Opposition" and related music, but it also distributes selected music released on other independent labels.

In 1982 Cutler established November Books, the publishing wing of Recommended Records, and between 1985 and 1997, Recommended Records and November Books published R?R Quarterly, a "quarterly" sound-magazine edited by Cutler.[1]

In 1989 Recommended Records became known as R?R Megacorp with a turnover of £180,000 in 1994.[2]

History

When English avant-rock group Henry Cow toured Europe between 1975 and 1977 they encountered many bands in a similar situation to their own: they were forced to operate outside the music industry that refused to recognise their music. In 1978 these groups got together and formed Rock in Opposition (RIO).[2] To provide a record label and distribution network for these artists, Chris Cutler of Henry Cow established Recommended Records (R?R) as a model for a non-profit music company.[3] When RIO folded as an organisation in late 1979, R?R continued RIO's work by representing and promoting marginalised musicians and groups. R?R became a "virtual RIO",[4] and "part of the continuing legacy of RIO".[3]

R?R founder, Chris Cutler, November 2007.

Recommended Records grew from "Ré", a private record label in 1978 to "R?R Megacorp" in 1989, an internationally recognised independent record company with distributors worldwide.[2] They have consistently introduced new and interesting artists from around the world, many of whom might never have been able to release records. They have always put the artist first and commercial viability second.[3]

Evolution of the name

When Henry Cow split up in 1978, Chris Cutler created a record label called for his own projects with a distribution arm called Recommended Distribution, so called because he personally "recommended" the titles they distributed. The intention was to import and distribute new, interesting and experimental music from all over the world to the United Kingdom.[2]

In 1979, Cutler established the Recommended label for releases other than his own. In 1987, he combined the Ré and Recommended labels to form R?R, and at the same time Recommended Distribution became a worker's cooperative enabling Cutler to concentrate on running the RéR label and writing R?R's mail order catalogue. This arrangement worked for a few years, but in 1989, due to enormous unpaid debts from Recommended Distribution, Cutler was forced to restart his own distribution system again, and R?R became R?R/Recommended. Recommended Distribution went on to become These Records, an affiliated label. R?R/Recommended became known as R?R Megacorp with a website and online shopping facilities.[3][5]

R?R logos

Just as Recommended Records's name evolved over the years, so did its logo. Here are examples from 1979 and 1998:

Recommended Records logo, 1979.
RéR Recommended logo, 1998.

Imprints

Recommended Records has the following imprints:

Affiliated labels

A distribution network of affiliated labels exists throughout the world to promote experimental, unusual and innovative music. While many of these labels are distinct operations, they share a common musical ethic. Some of these affiliated labels are:

Artists

These are some of the artists that have had music released or re-released on the Recommended Records label.

R?R compilations

See also

References

  1. ^ Cutler, Chris. "Biography". Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d Wright, Patrick (11 November 1995). "Resist Me, Make Me Strong: On Chris Cutler" (PDF). The Guardian. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d Cutler, Chris (1984). "Necessity and Choice in Musical Forms, Part III, Rock in Opposition". File Under Popular: Theoretical and Critical Writings on Music. London: November Books. ISBN 0-946423-01-6.
  4. ^ "20 years of Rock In Opposition: Interview with Chris Cutler (1998)". Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ Gross, Jason (March 1997). "Chris Cutler". Perfect Sound Forever. Retrieved 2011.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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