|Alternative names||Rawicz, Panna na nied?wiedziu, Ursus, Ursowic, Mied?wiada, Mied?wioda, Nied?wiada, Nied?wieda, Nied?wioda, Rawic, Rawita|
|Families||460 Polish names altogether: Amszy?ski, Bagocki, Baka?arowicz, Bandrowski, Bar (ennoblement 1593), Baranowski (ennoblement 1552), Bara?ski, B?kowski, Be?dowski, Be?zowski, Bia?onowicz, Biedrzychowski, Biedrzycki, Bielski, Bienieski, Binkbink, Biodra, Biskupski, Bliskowski, B?eszy?ski, Boche?ski, Bogda?ski, Boguski, Boguskowski, Borowski, Borszczowski, Boryczewski, Borysowski, Boryszewski, Borzewicki, Borzyszewski, Bo?ewicki, Brabantski, Bro?niowski, Bukowski, Bu?ajewski,Celejewski, Celejowski, Celgowski, Celigowski, Cemechowski, Chobrza?ski, Chobrzy?ski, Chociewski, Chody?ski, Chodzy?ski, Chrobrza?ski, Chrobrze?ski, Chro?licki, Cibowicz, Ciecierski, Cielgowski, Cieszycki, Ciszycki, Czekierski, Czekierstki, Czernski, Czerski, Czuryo, Czysta, ?wik?a, ?wilichowski, Dalmat, D?browski, Dembi?ski, Depolt, Depult, Der?gowski, Dergon, Dergo?ski, Derhun, Derkon, Derko?ski, D?bi?ski, Dobraniecki, Dobroniewski, Dobrzeniecki, Domaniewski, Dorostajski, Drzewicki, Drzewiecki, Duchnowski, Dziczkowski, Dzieko?ski, Dziewulski, Dzie?kowski, Fagel, Fajgel, Faygiel, Filipecki, Filipicki, Fribes (ennoblement 1791), Frybes (ennoblement 1791), Gadecki, Gadzicki, Gajecki, Galimski, Gali?ski, Gano, Ganolipski, Gawi?ski, Gaworski, Gawro?ski (ennoblement 1596), G?decki, G?dek, Giedowg, Gieszkowski, Gbkowski, Gniewosz, Godzicki, Go?y?ski, Gowarczewski, Goworek, Gozdziejowski, Górski, Grabkowski, Gr?dzki, Grot, Grotowski, Gudkowski, Guszkiewicz, Gut, Gutkowski, Ha?uzi?ski, Ho?uzi?ski, Homicki, Hrudziewicz, Hrudzina-Zaborowski (ennoblement 1777), Hudo, Jackowski, Jakubowicz, Jarewski, Jarocki, Jaroszyn, Jarowski, Jasie?ski, Jasiewicz, Jasilkowski, Jasi?ski, Jastkowski, Jaszczurowski, Jawojsz, Jawosz, Jawrysz, Jerome, Jeziorkowski, Kalnicki, Kamie?ski, Kami?ski, Karpowicz, Karwowski, Kasprowicz (ennoblement 1566), Kazimierski, Kazimirski, Kiemlicki, Kiemlicz, Kieniewicz, Klimczycki, Kliszowski, K?oczewski, K?oczowski, K?opocki, Kochan, Komorowski, Koni?ski, Korniowicz, Korni?owicz, Kosacki, Kosecki, Kosibski, Kosiecki, Kosi?ski, Kossacki, Kossecki, Kostro, Kostryc, Kozie?kowski, Kozio?kowski, Krajoszewski, Krasnowski, Krasowski, Krassowski, Kraszczy?ski, Kra?nicki, Kruczy?ski, Krukowski, Krzewski, Krzowski, Krzyczykowski, Krzyszczykowski, Kube?, Kujawski, Kurosz, Lang, Lasota, Lasotawicz, Lassota, Leniek, Linowski, Lipicki, Lipi?ski, ?akocki, kocki, towski, ?ubkowski, ?ubnicki, ?upnicki, Mager, Magier, Makocki, Ma?giewski, M?kocki, Mejnart, Mejsztowicz, Meleniewski, Melgiewski, Melin, Meysztowicz, M?cina, M?ci?ski, M?czyna, M?czy?ski, Michowski, Miechowski, Miedzikowski, Miedzikowski, Miedzykowski, Mikulczewski, Mikulski, Miku?owski, Miniga?, Mitrowski, Mnichowski, Mod?kowski, Mo?ko, Mosi?ski, Moszy?ski, Mys?owski, Mystkowski, Nadarski, Nakutowicz, Nasuta, Nasuta, Naszuta, Niedzia?kowski, Niemcewicz, Niesielkowski, Niesu?kowski, Nieszczewski, Nie?miejan, Niszczewski, Noskowski, Nosowski, Nossowski, Nowomiejski, Nowomiescki, Nowomski, Nowowski, No?ewski, No?owski, Nurzy?ski, Obelt, Okolski, Okólski z Oko?a, Olendski, Olendzki, Ole?ski, Ol?cki, Ol?dzki, Ol?ski, Olpi?ski, Olszewski, Olszowski, O?dak, O?dakowski, Oski, Osska, Ostasz, Ostrowski, Oszka, Otrembus, Owsianko, Owsiany, O?arowski, O?ga, Pachniewski, Pankracki, Paroski, Patawin, Pawe?ecki, P?koszewski, Piasecki, Plaskota, P?askot, P?askota, P?odzi?ski (ennoblement 1592), Podczaski, Podczaszy?ski, Podd?bski, Poderski, Podko?ski, Porazi?ski, Prandota, Prosi?ski, Prusie?ski, Prusi?ski, Pruszy?ski, Przyjemski, Przysta?owicz, Pukiel, Pukinicki, Pukl, Rabcewicz, Raciborski, Racibórzy?ski, Radkowski, Radli?ski, Radomyski, Radziejowski, Radzymi?ski, Rafa?, Rajkowski, Rakacewicz, Rakocy, Rapcewicz, Rawa, Rawicz, Raykowski, R?blewski, Regulski, Reszcze?ski, Reszczy?ski, Rewecki, Rewucki, Reykowski, Rogoli?ski, Rojek, Rokicki, Rokotnicki, Rososki, Rudzie?ski, Rudzi?ski, Rusiecki, Ruzdzi?ski, Rybka, Ryczkowski, Rzepi?ski, Saczy?ski, Samborzecki, S?czy?ski, Sib, Siedlecki, Siestrzy?ski, Skawi?ski, Skinder, Skowieski, Skubicz, Skubisz, Skubysz, S?upecki, Smiarowski, Smorczewski, Snopek, Snopkowski, So?omerecki, So?omereski, Sowi?ski (ennoblement 1592), Staczek, Staczko, Stanowski, Stecki, Stocki, Stolnicki, Straszewski, Sulistrowski, Suliszewski, Sum, Swiniowski, Szabli?ski, Szabra?ski, Szach?acki, Szaci?ski, Szczerba, Szczerbanienko, Szczerba?, Szczerbowicz, Szczyci?ski, Szotarski, Szuliszewski, Szumowicz, Szyd?owski, ?miarowski, ?wi?tnicki, ?wierzbi?ski, ?winiowski, Tadajewski, Tadajowski, T?kiel, T?zowski, Tczy?ski, Trzci?ski, Twaróg, Ursyn-Kornu?owicz, Ursyn-Niemcewicz, Ursyn-Rusiecki, Urzelowski, U?arowski, Wagner (ennoblement 1662), Warsz, Warszawski, Warszewski, W?grzynowicz, Wierci?ski, Wisimirski, Witanowski, Wojaczy?ski, Wojaty?ski, Wojcicki, Wolski (ennoblement 1591), Wo?mi?ski, Wo?ucki, Wo?nicki, Wo?nie?ski, Wo?nie?ski, Wójcicki, Wóycicki, Wóyci?ski, Wr?cki, Wrocze?ski, Wrzelowski, Wszeborski, Wyszomierski, Wyszomirski, Zaborowski, Zackowski, Zacnolaski, Zaczek, Zaczkowski, Za?wilichowski, Zaichowski, Zakaszewski, Za?uska, Za?uski, Zawada (ennoblement 1571) (Zowada, Sowada), Zawadowski, Zdembi?ski, Zd?bi?ski, Zdrzalik, Zdziechowski, Zegrzda, Zegzdra, Zelasowski, Ziemacki, Ziemak, Zodowski, ?elaskowski, ?elazkowski, ?elazny, ?elazo, ?elazowski, ?elichli?ski, ?odowski, ?okowski, ?wan|
The ancestry of first bearers of Rawicz (the Rawici clan) is debated. Version supported by Polish chronicler Jan D?ugosz points out branch of Czech (Bohemian) Vr?ovci clan, version supported by Polish heraldist Kasper Niesiecki (as better) says that their origin is pagan Polish.
Lot of families were later legally adopted into the clan or ennobled with this coat of arms, some misattributed to the clan by similarity of arms, names or by simple error or usurpation.
Nowadays it (or its modification) is used as coat of arms of several Polish settlements.
Main version (in others colours may differ):
Shield Or (gold) with a bear (probably ursus arctos) Sable (black) facing dexter (right) with a maiden on its back. The maiden, vested in royal attire Gules (red) and a crown Or, with flowing hair and hands upraised a little and expanded, all proper. Out of the crest coronet, between two antlers proper, a bear facing dexter. His left arm in front is lowered, and another one holds a rose on a stem, all proper, which the bear carries to his snout.
The Vr?ovci (whose branch was probably the root of some Rawicz bearers) took part in cruel power struggles that occurred in Bohemia on the turn of the first millennium. Together with P?emyslids led by Boleslaus II the Pious they rivalised with Slavniki clan. During the struggles five members of rival Slavniki clan: Sob?bor, Spytimír, Pobraslav, Po?ej, and ?áslav were murdered. They were brothers of Czech missionary and bishop st. Adalbert of Prague (Czech: Svatý Vojt?ch, Polish: ?wi?ty Wojciech). In 995 he damned the murderers(Vr?ovci).
In historical records Czech duke Svatopluk of P?emyslids clan is accused of ordering to kill Mutyna and two his sons: Bo?ej and Boraszek also Unis?aw and Domis?aw (all of them belonged to the Vr?ovci family) during similar power struggles thirteen years later.
Being horrified by those events some of Vr?ovci fled to Poland, where they were received with honours by king Boles?aw III Krzywousty who gave them lands in the duchy of Masovia, that were foundation of future Rawa Voivodeship.
Rawicz is an old coat of arms, one of the oldest used in Poland. According to the legend it was imported from Lorraine (where it is first mentioned in 1003) prior to 1109. According to a legend, the symbol was brought to Lorraine from England, where it was awarded to the descendants of Canute the Great.
The ancestry of first bearers of Rawicz (the Rawici clan) is debated:
In 1410 Rawicz bearers took part in the Battle of Grunwald. Among 50 Polish gonfalons (regiments) one (the 26th) took the field under Rawa coat of arms and was led by Christian of Ostrów, Kraków castellan. He was also a war councilor, one of the seven chief members of General Headquarters of W?adys?aw II Jagieo. In addition, one of the Rawicz bearers is marked for his military valour in the Battle of Koronowo that occurred shortly after the Grunwald. This knight's name was Christian of Goworzici, Rawa coat of arms.
(Jan D?ugosz, Annales seu cronici incliti regni Poloniae)
According to the legend, an English king died without leaving a properly perfected testament, so his last will was expressed from the world beyond. He left a crown and all immovable property to his son, and all movables - to his daughter. Being instigated by his councilors, the Prince decided to fulfill his father's will nominally. He ordered to drive a black bear (which undoubtedly was a unit of king's movable property) to a Princess' bedchamber. In case of Princess' death that seemed inevitable, the King's wish would be fulfilled and Princess' failure to manage the movables would be proven. However, the Princess did not only tame the beast but even rode out her chamber on its back, upraising her hands and calling for justice. Her brother made sure that truth and heaven take sister's side. He asked her pardon and married her off to a Duke of Lorraine, with all due property as a portion. As a keepsake Princess gave her descendants a coat of arms with a girl riding a bear depicted on it. This coat of arms was called "Rawicz". It symbolizes ability to overcome difficulties with honour, to change confusion into victory.
This legend is stated in a well-known Polish armorial "Orbis Polonus" assembled by Szymon Okolski in 1641-1643.
Notable bearers of this coat of arms include: