Rashid Ul Khairi
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Rashid Ul Khairi

Rashid ul Khairi or Allama Rashid-ul-Khairi (largely known as Musavire Gham ( )) (Urdu: ? ‎) (1868-1936) was an outstanding social reformer of British India and a reputed writer of Urdu Language.[1] His writing depicts the circumstances of women and what they had to face during his time in the Indian subcontinent. He was the founder of ISMAT (?), a social and literary magazine for women, which served the cause of Muslim women education in India and fought for their legal rights.[2] Khairi wrote more than 60 books, two of which were comedic i.e. Sath Ruhoon K Aamalnamay and Nani Ashu.[3][4]

Gail Minault, Professor of History at the University of Texas, in her book "Secluded Scholars" wrote that, "Rashid ul Khairi was a pioneer of women's right in the Islamic tradition and was one of the biggest bestsellers in the history of Urdu Novel. He saw the oppression of women, their physical and mental imprisonment and how they were deprived of their rights and he wanted to do some thing about it."[5]

According to Munshi Premchand, "Rashid ul Khairi was a great name in literature for women in Urdu and all those who know Urdu language should be grateful to him."

In the words of the great Urdu literature novelist Qurratulain Hyder, "Rashid ul Khairi was one of the greatest reformers of the nation in the twentieth century." On the demise of Khairi in 1936, Allama Iqbal wrote that, "His (Khairi's) death is a great loss to Urdu literature. Writer of such caliber are not born every day."[6]

See also


  1. ^ By Maneka Gandhi, Ozair Husain. The Complete Book of Muslim and Parsi Names.
  2. ^ https://www.thenews.com.pk/archive/amp/517084-impediments-in-promotion-of-urdu-analysed
  3. ^ Salman, Peerzada (14 December 2013). "Ismat's 105 years celebrated". dawn.com. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ "Rashidul Khairi's urdu books - Author Books". Rekhta. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ InpaperMagazine, From (10 June 2012). "COLUMN: Pioneers of women's right". dawn.com. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ "COLUMN: A feminist in her day". dawn.com. 27 September 2008. Retrieved 2018.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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