Municipality and town
Church of Ramiriquí
Location of the municipality and town of Ramiriquí in the Boyacá department of Colombia
|Founded||21 December 1541|
|Founded by||Pedro Durán|
|o Mayor||Omar Junco Espinosa|
|o Municipality and town||146.5 km2 (56.6 sq mi)|
|o Urban||7.25 km2 (2.80 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,325 m (7,628 ft)|
|o Municipality and town||10,015|
|o Density||68/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)|
Ramiriquí is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Boyacá, part of the subregion of the Márquez Province. Ramiriquí borders the department capital Tunja in the north, in the south Chinavita and Zetaquirá, in the east Rondón and Ciénaga and in the west Chivatá, Tibaná and Jenesano.
Ramiriquí was named after the last cacique; Ramirique. In the Chibcha language of the Muisca Ramirraquí means "white earth". An alternative etymology is Ca-mi-quiquí which means "our strength over the grasslands".
The area of Ramiriquí was inhabited by the Muisca before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the 1530s. The northern Muisca Confederation was ruled from nearby Hunza, present-day Tunja, after the mythological and brutal cacique Goranchacha moved the capital there from Ramiriquí. The first ruler of Hunza was Hunzahúa after whom the city was named.
The modern town was founded on December 21, 1541 by Spanish friar Pedro Durán.