Raimonds V%C4%93jonis
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Raimonds V%C4%93jonis
Raimonds V?jonis
Flickr - Saeima - 10.Saeimas deput?ts Raimonds V?jonis.jpg
9th President of Latvia

July 8, 2015 - 8 July 2019
Laimdota Straujuma
M?ris Ku?inskis
Arturs Kri?j?nis Kari
Andris B?rzi
Egils Levits
Minister of Defence

22 January 2014 - 7 July 2015
Valdis Dombrovskis
Laimdota Straujuma
Artis Pabriks
Raimonds Bergmanis
Minister of Environmental Protection and Regional Development

7 November 2002 - 25 October 2011
Einars Rep?e
Indulis Emsis
Aigars Kalv?tis
Ivars Godmanis
Valdis Dombrovskis
Vladimirs Makarovs
Edmunds Spr?d?s
Personal details
Born (1966-06-15) 15 June 1966 (age 53)
Nikonovo, Pskov Oblast, Soviet Union (now Russia)
Political partyGreen Party
Spouse(s)Iveta V?jone
Alma materUniversity of Latvia

Raimonds V?jonis (born 15 June 1966) is a Latvian politician who served as the 9th President of Latvia from 2015 to 2019. He is a member of the Green Party, part of the Union of Greens and Farmers. He served as Minister of Environmental Protection and Regional Development in 2002 and in 2011 and as Minister of the Environment from 2003 to 2011, while the Ministry of Regional Development was a separate department. He became Minister of Defence of Latvia in 2014 and held that office until becoming President in 2015.[1]

Early life and career

V?jonis was born on 15 June 1966 in Pskov Oblast to a Latvian father and a Russian mother, while his father was serving in the Soviet army there. He grew up in Sarka?i and attended school in the nearby town of Madona.[2] V?jonis became interested in environmental protection because his grandfather had been blinded by chemicals used on a Soviet collective farm.[3]

He graduated from Faculty of Biology of the University of Latvia in 1989 and obtained a master's degree from it in 1995. During his studies he worked as a biology teacher in Madona. From 1989 to 1996 he was deputy director of Madona Regional Environmental board. He was a member of Madona city council from 1990 to 1993. From 1996 to 2002 he was director of Greater Riga Regional Environmental board, during this period he also was a board member in Skulte port and served as state representative at Getli?i Eko waste management company.[4]

Political career

In 2002 V?jonis became Minister of Environmental Protection and Regional Development.[5]

He was elected as President of Latvia on 3 June 2015, receiving the votes of 55 of the 100 members of the Saeima.[4] He used his victory speech to promise to ensure national security, in light of events in Ukraine, while protecting the environment.[3] He became the first head of state in the European Union to be a member of a green party.[3][5] After seven parties were elected to Saeima following the 2018 Latvian parliamentary election and representatives were unsuccessful in agreeing upon a new coalition, V?jonis was called on to nominate a candidate for Prime Minister of Latvia himself.[6] After his first choice of J?nis Bordans from New Conservative Party was rejected by possible coalition partners,[7] V?jonis then nominated Aldis Gobzems of Who owns the state? on November 26, 2018 and gave him a two week deadline to form a government.[8][9]

Post-presidency

In January 2020, V?jonis was elected to a four-year term as president of the Latvian Basketball Association by a wide margin.[10]

Personal life

V?jonis speaks fluent Russian[11] and decent English in addition to Latvian, and is married and has two children.[3] He is a Baltic pagan.[3][5]

Health problems

On 18 January 2016 V?jonis was hospitalized. He was first transported to the Toxicology and Sepsis Clinic of the Riga East Clinical University Hospital branch Gai?ezers, but a day later was transferred to the Latvian Cardiology Center at Pauls Stradi Clinical University Hospital.[12][13] The press counselor of the president initially did not disclose the nature of the illness and suggested that the president had a viral infection. However independent medical experts theorized that V?jonis probably had an infective endocarditis. On January 20 V?jonis underwent emergency open heart surgery to eliminate the source of infection in which the heart valve damaged by sepsis was replaced with an artificial heart valve.[14][15] Later on unnamed sources told the press that the illness was likely caused by untreated tonsillitis, the press counselor of the president, while still refusing to disclose exact diagnosis, confirmed that the president had been having issues with his throat and his voice had been very hoarse.[16]

V?jonis left hospital on February 26 to undergo physical therapy at National Rehabilitation Center "Vaivari".[17] He was reported to be doing some work during his illness, but fully resumed his official duties on 30 March after spending more than two months recovering.[18]

Honours

National Honours
Foreign Honours

References

  1. ^ "The Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia: Raimonds V?jonis". Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia. Archived from the original on 2010-11-19. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Zirnis, Eg?ls (21 February 2014). "V?jonis - milit?ri za?ais kompromiss" (in Latvian). Diena. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e Collier, Mike; Sibierski, Mary (3 June 2015). "Latvia elects Vejonis, EU's first Green president". Yahoo!. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Jaunais Latvijas Valsts prezidents - Raimonds V?jonis". Lsm.lv (in Latvian). 3 June 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Collier, Mike (June 3, 2015). "Latvia provides EU's first "green" president - Raimonds V?jonis". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "President V?jonis again tries to persuade parties to form a government". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. LETA. November 2, 2018. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Three parties leave New Conservatives' government talks". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. LETA. November 14, 2018. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Gobzems nominated for PM". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. November 26, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ "President nominates Gobzems for PM". The Baltic Times. LETA. November 27, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ "Raimonds V?jonis becomes a president again". eng.lsm.lv. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Latvia's "President with an Accent:" Raimonds Vejonis". Foreigncy.us. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ "V?jonis ?or?t nog?d?ts Gai?ezera slimn?c?". Skaties.lv. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Prezidenta vesel?bas st?vokli v?rt? k? apmierino?u; noz?m?ta ?rsta uzraudz?ba". Tvnet.lv. 18 January 2016. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ Paparde, Inga (21 January 2016). "Kardio?irurgi gl?bj prezidentu". NRA. Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ "Prezidenta V?jo?a sirds oper?cija nosl?gusies". Lsm.lv. Retrieved 2019.
  16. ^ Cielava, Ieva (26 January 2016). "Kas apdraud?ja prezidenta sirdi? (preciz.)". Ir.lv. Retrieved 2016.
  17. ^ "President V?jonis to leave hospital". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. February 26, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  18. ^ "President to resume duties next week". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. March 23, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  19. ^ "Vabariigi President". www.president.ee. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ a b "Latvijas Valsts prezidenta m?jaslapa". www.president.lv. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ Affairs, Ministry of General (18 May 2018). "State visit to Latvia - program - News item - Royal House of the Netherlands". Royal-house.nl. Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ "? ? ? No387/2018 ?. ? ?". president.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). 2018-11-22.
Political offices
Preceded by
Minister of Environmental Protection and
Regional Development

2002-2011
Succeeded by
Edmunds Spr?d?s
Preceded by
Artis Pabriks
Minister of Defence
2014-2015
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Andris B?rzi
President of Latvia
2015-2019
Succeeded by
Egils Levits

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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