Rail Transport in the Czech Republic
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Rail Transport in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
?D Class 641 in Adamov.JPG
Operation
National railway?eské dráhy
Infrastructure companySpráva ?elezni?ní dopravní cesty
Major operatorsPassengers
?eské dráhy
RegioJet
LEO Express
Arriva
GW Train Regio
Freight
?D Cargo
AWT
METRANS
System length
Total9,619 kilometres (5,977 mi)
Double track1,830 kilometres (1,140 mi)
Electrified2,997 kilometres (1,862 mi)
High-speed0 kilometres (0 mi)
Track gauge
Main
Features
No. tunnels155
Tunnel length46.52 kilometres (28.91 mi)
Longest tunnelEjpovický tunel
4,150 metres (13,620 ft)
Longest bridgeNegrelliho viadukt
1,110 metres (3,640 ft)
No. stations2808
Highest elevationKubova Hu?[1]
995 metres (3,264 ft)
Map
Railway network Czech Republic.svg

Rail transport in the Czech Republic carried 162.906 million passengers and 68.37 million tonnes of cargo in the year 2009.[2] The majority of passenger services run nowadays are operated by the state company ?eské dráhy (Czech Railways), which until 2007 also managed cargo services now run by ?D Cargo. In 2009 the country had 9,420 km of standard gauge track, 3,153 km of which is electrified.[2] There are two main electrification systems in the Czech Republic, 3 kV DC in the northern part, and 25 kV 50 Hz AC in the south (in addition, one historical 24 km long line uses 1.5 kV DC; and since 2009 one short local line to Austria uses 15 kV 16,7 Hz AC). Locomotives had to be changed on boundaries in the past, two-system locomotives has been introduced in 1974. The network has same gauge links to all four countries bordering the Czech Republic (Slovakia, Austria, Germany and Poland) with passenger services to all four countries in operation. Major hubs for international passenger services on the network are in Prague, Ostrava, Brno and B?eclav,[3] and the busiest station (by number of passengers) is Praha hlavní nádra?í.

History

History of rail transport in the territory of the present day Czech Republic dates back to the Austro-Hungarian empire. The first horse-drawn railway in Europe, between ?eské Bud?jovice and Linz (in present-day Austria) commenced operations in 1832,[4] and the first locomotive-hauled railway from Vienna to B?eclav opened seven years later. Throughout the rest of the 19th century the rail network in the whole of Europe grew rapidly and after the First World War and the independence of Czechoslovakia, the company ?eskoslovenské státní dráhy (Czechoslovak state railways) was founded. From 1948 until the Velvet Revolution the border crossings with Austria and West Germany were strictly controlled and limited number of trains was operated. Following the fall of communism, the railway network was reopened to Western Europe; the first EuroCity trains operated in transitional Czechoslovakia in 1991. In the 21st century the network has undergone extensive modernisations, and newer rolling stock (such as the Class 680 "pendolino") have been introduced.

Operation

The company Správa ?elezni?ní dopravní cesty (S?DC) is responsible for maintaining the infrastructure. In 2010, the Czech government proposed merging S?DC and ?eské dráhy to a single company. In 2011, RegioJet, a subsidiary of Student Agency, became the first company to actively compete with ?eské dráhy on a route, launching a service between Prague and Haví?ov.[5] Other private companies own exclusive rights to run services on certain lines.[6] The Czech Republic is a member of the International Union of Railways (IUC) and has the country code 54.

Rail links to adjacent countries

  • Austria -- voltage change 25 kV 50 Hz AC/15 kV 16.7 HZ AC
  • Germany -- voltage change 3 kV DC/15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
  • Poland -- same voltage 3 kV DC
  • Slovakia -- same voltage 3 kV DC (north) and 25 kV 50 Hz AC (south)

Modern and historical railway maps

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/cz-pt.html
  2. ^ a b ?eské dráhy Group, Statistical Yearbook 2009, available online on www.cd.cz
  3. ^ Komarek, Jan. "Cross-city line will transform Praha". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ Ellington, Lucien (2004). Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Land, and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 267. ISBN 1576078000. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ http://ekonomika.idnes.cz/ceske-koleje-zezloutly-jancuruv-vlak-poprve-vyjel-f8u-/ekonomika.aspx?c=A110824_195055_ekonomika_abr
  6. ^ http://www.railwaymarket.eu/rm2008/pdf/Passenger_Railway_Transport_in_The_Czech_Republic.pdf[permanent dead link]

External links

  • Winchester, Clarence, ed. (1936), "In central Europe", Railway Wonders of the World, pp. 1454-1463 illustrated description of the railways of Czechoslovakia in the 1930s.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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