Radvili%C5%A1kis
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Radvili%C5%A1kis
Radvili?kis
City
Radvili?kio ba?ny?ios ansamblis.JPG
Flag of Radvili?kis
Flag
Coat of arms of Radvili?kis
Coat of arms
Radvili?kis is located in Lithuania
Radvili?kis
Radvili?kis
Location of Radvili?kis
Coordinates: 55°48?N 23°33?E / 55.800°N 23.550°E / 55.800; 23.550Coordinates: 55°48?N 23°33?E / 55.800°N 23.550°E / 55.800; 23.550
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAuk?taitija
County?iauliai County
MunicipalityRadvili?kis district municipality
EldershipRadvili?kis town eldership
Capital ofRadvili?kis district municipality
Radvili?kis town eldership
Radvili?kis eldership
First mentioned1529
Granted city rights1923
Government
 o MayorAntanas ?epononis
Population
(2015)
 o Total16,344 (19th)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitehttp://www.radviliskis.lt

Radvili?kis (About this soundpronunciation ) (Polish: Radziwiliszki, Yiddish: ‎, Radvilishok) is a city in the Radvili?kis district municipality, ?iauliai County, Lithuania. Radvili?kis has been the administrative center of the district since 1950, and is an important railway junction.

History

Radvili?kis was founded at the end of the 15th century. It was first mentioned in the book on state economics by M. Downar-Zapolsky listing the cities taxpayers in 1567. In 1687, John Sobieski, the king of Lithuania and Poland, granted the right of holding a market to it.

Radvili?kis was devastated many times by military forces, plague and hunger in the 17th-19th centuries. There were no citizens left in Radvili?kis after the plague in 1708-1710.

Radvili?kis railway station

Town growth began when the Liep?ja-Romny Railway line, crossing the town, was built in 1870 and Radvili?kis-Daugavpils line was built in 1873. Railwaymen constituted the majority of the residents.

Around July 12, 1941, all 300 Jews of Radvili?kis were murdered in the Durpunas Forest near the Jewish cemetery by Germans and Lithuanian Activist Front members from Radvili?kis.[1]

In 1998, a sculpture of the Victory goddess Nike was unveiled in the center of Radvili?kis to commemorate the eightieth anniversary of the victory over the united German-Russian West Russian Volunteer Army. It was created by sculptor P. Mazuras.

Name and coat of arms

Supposedly, the name originated from the name of the noble Radziwi (Radvila) family of Lithuanian origin. This family ruled Radvili?kis for more than 200 years, from 1546 to 1764.

A rising and light-emitting horse, representing communication, motion, city development and flourishing, is depicted in the coat of arms of Radvili?kis. The light is a symbol of civilization's role in the city development. It was created by artist Laima Ramonien? in 1992.[]

Attractions

Radvili?kis, settled on everglades, was famous for its railway and black-from-locomotive-smoke sparrows.[]

The two symbols of the town are the railways, and black swallows.[]

There are Evangelical-reformed, Protestant, Lutheran, and Orthodox chapels, Jewish synagogues and Catholic Churches in Radvili?kis.[]

The stone windmill of Radvili?kis was erected in remembrance of the violent and triumphant battles in 1919 against the German-Russian armed forces(Bermontians).[]

The wooden belfry of Radvili?kis parish's Blessed Virgin Mary church of the Immaculate Conception is a topical architecture monument. It was set in 1878. The belfry burned twice. It was reconstructed in 1984.[]

Sister cities

Radvili?kis is twinned with eleven cities:[]

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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