|Directed by||Paul Newman|
|Produced by||Paul Newman|
|Screenplay by||Stewart Stern|
|Based on||A Jest of God|
by Margaret Laurence
|Music by||Jerome Moross|
|Edited by||Dede Allen|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.-Seven Arts|
|Box office||$3,000,000 (rentals)|
Rachel, Rachel is a 1968 American technicolor drama film produced and directed by Paul Newman and starring Joanne Woodward in the title role and co-starring Estelle Parsons and James Olson. The screenplay, by Stewart Stern based on the 1966 novel A Jest of God by Canadian author Margaret Laurence, concerns a schoolteacher in small-town Connecticut and her sexual awakening and independence in her mid-30s. The film was nominated for four Academy Awards (Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Actress for Woodward, and Best Supporting Actress for Parsons) and won two Golden Globes: Best Director and Best Actress (Drama).
Rachel Cameron (Joanne Woodward) is a shy, 35-year-old unmarried schoolteacher living with her widowed mother in an apartment above the funeral home once owned by her father in a small town in Connecticut. School is out for summer vacation, and Rachel anticipates a typical bored summer at home with her mother. Fellow unmarried teacher and best friend Calla Mackie (Estelle Parsons) persuades her to attend a revival meeting, where a visiting preacher encourages Rachel to express her need for the love of Jesus. Rachel is overwhelmed by the experience, baring so much pent-up emotion that she is embarrassed; comforting her, Calla suddenly kisses Rachel passionately. Rachel, shocked, runs home and begins avoiding Calla.
Nick Kazlik (James Olson), Rachel's high-school classmate who now teaches at an inner city school in The Bronx, arrives for a short visit. Upon first seeing Rachel, Nick makes a crude pass that Rachel rebuffs, but after the episode with Calla, she succumbs to his charms and has her first sexual experience. Mistaking lust for love, she begins to plan a future with Nick, who quickly rejects her by showing her a photo of a young boy, implying that it is his son. Through Nick's mother, Rachel later discovers he has no wife and child.
Believing she is pregnant, Rachel plans to leave town and raise the child. With Calla's assistance, she finds another teaching job in Oregon, but before the summer ends, she learns she is not pregnant and that her symptoms are due to a benign cyst. After undergoing surgery to have the cyst removed, she tells her mother that she has decided to relocate, and that her mother may accompany her or not as she wishes. Her mother reluctantly agrees to go. Rachel sets out with hope for the future, having learned that she has choices, that she is able to give and receive sexual pleasure, and that it is possible for her to take on life actively rather than wait for it to find her.
The film marked Paul Newman's directorial debut. It was shot in various Connecticut locations, including Bethel, Danbury, Georgetown and Redding.
Newman and Woodward's daughter Nell Potts portrays Rachel as a child in flashback scenes.
Time wrote "Stewart Stern often gets too close to the novel, adopting where he should adapt. Rachel is shackled with prosy monologues that should have been given visual form. Despite its failings, Rachel, Rachel has several unassailable assets...It is in the transcendent strength of Joanne Woodward that the film achieves a classic stature. There is no gesture too minor for her to master. She peers out at the world with the washed-out eyes of a hunted animal. Her walk is a ladylike retreat, a sign of a losing battle with time and diets and fashion. Her drab voice quavers with a brittle strength that can command a student but break before a parent's will. By any reckoning, it is [her] best performance."
Variety called it an "offbeat film" that "moves too slowly" and added "There is very little dialog - most of which is very good - but this asset makes a liability out of the predominantly visual nature of the development, which in time seems to become redundant, padded and tiring...Direction is awkward. Were Woodward not there film could have been a shambles."
TV Guide rated the film 3½ out of four stars, calling it "a small, understated, and very sensitive film" and adding "It could have been a drab, weepy story, but Stern and Newman collaborated to make it an inspiring one that proves one is never too old to change one's life."
According Rotten Tomatoes, 86% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 7 reviews, with an average rating of 6.79/10.
|Academy Awards||Best Picture||Paul Newman||Nominated|
|Best Actress||Joanne Woodward||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Estelle Parsons||Nominated|
|Best Screenplay - Based on Material from Another Medium||Stewart Stern||Nominated|
|British Academy Film Awards||Best Actress in a Leading Role||Joanne Woodward||Nominated|
|Directors Guild of America Awards||Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures||Paul Newman||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Actress in a Motion Picture - Drama||Joanne Woodward||Won|
|Best Director - Motion Picture||Paul Newman||Won|
|Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards||Best Actress||Joanne Woodward||Won|
|Laurel Awards||Top Female Dramatic Performance||Nominated|
|Top Female Supporting Performance||Estelle Parsons||Won|
|National Board of Review Awards||Top Ten Films||Rachel, Rachel||Won|
|National Society of Film Critics Awards||Best Actress||Joanne Woodward||Nominated|
|New York Film Critics Circle Awards||Best Director||Paul Newman||Won|
|Best Actress||Joanne Woodward||Won|
|Writers Guild of America Awards||Best Written American Drama||Stewart Stern||Nominated|
Warner Home Video released the film on Region 1 DVD on February 17, 2009.