RATP Ia%C8%99i
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RATP Ia%C8%99i

Compania de Transport Public (CTP) Ia?i
Iasi tram green.jpg
GT4 tram on route 6
Overview
OwnerCity of Ia?i
LocaleIa?i
Transit typeTram, Bus
Number of lines29[1]
Annual ridership50,358,000 (2014)[2]
Operation
Began operation1 March 1900
Number of vehicles123 trams, 140 buses
Technical
Track gauge

The Compania de Transport Public (CTP) Ia?i (English: Ia?i Public Transport Company) is the major transit operator responsible for public transportation in Ia?i, Romania. Until September 2016, CTP was known as the Autonomous Public Transport Operator of Ia?i (Romanian: Regia Autonom? de Transport Public (RATP) Ia?i).[3]

History

Established on 19 March 1898, CTP Ia?i operates an extensive network using metre gauge trams (electric trams began operating in 1900) and buses. Trolleybuses were used on a number of routes starting in 1985, but all trolleybus routes (within a system length of 31.3 km (19.4 mi), as of 2003) were converted to bus operation by 2006.

The Ia?i city is partly built on hills, and the tram network reaches, on certain portions, large slopes. The steepest grade on the entire tram system is 8.8 percent,[4] on the line between Târgu Cucu and the intersection with Tudor Vladimirescu Blvd. (Cinci Drumuri-P?durii) towards the Tat?ra?i neighbourhood, one of the steepest gradients on adhesion railways in Europe.

Routes

As of 2019, CTP Ia?i operates 8 regular tram routes on 140 km (87 mi), and 24 regular bus routes on 449 km (279 mi) throughout Ia?i.[1] In 2014, the CTP carried 50,358,000 passengers, an average of 140,000 passengers per day.[2]

Tram routes

Route Full Length Notes
1 Copou-Pia?a Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Podu Ro?-Baza 3-T?t?ra?i-Tg.Cucu-Pia?a Unirii-Copou 17.517.5 km (10.9 mi) Operates in loop with route 13
3 Dancu-T?t?ra?i-Tg.Cucu-Pia?a Unirii-Gara 15.515.5 km (9.6 mi)
6 Dacia-Gara-Pia?a Unirii-Tg.Cucu 13.013.0 km (8.1 mi)
7 Canta-Gara-Pia?a Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-Baza 3-?u?ora 20.820.8 km (12.9 mi)
8 Copou-Pia?a Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-Baza 3 13.913.9 km (8.6 mi)
9 Copou-Pia?a Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Podu Ro?-Tehnopolis 20.220.2 km (12.6 mi)
11 Dacia-Podu de Piatr?-Gara Nicolina-Baza 3-T?t?ra?i Nord 21.321.3 km (13.2 mi)
13 Copou-Pia?a Unirii-Tg.Cucu-T?t?ra?i-Baza 3-Podu Ro?-Tg.Cucu-Pia?a Unirii-Copou 17.517.5 km (10.9 mi) Operates in loop with route 1

Bus routes

Route Full Length Notes
5 Dacia-Podu de Piatr?-Podu Ro?-Baza 3-?u?ora 19.619.6 km (12.2 mi)
18 T?t?ra?i Sud - Cartier Avia?iei - T?t?ra?i Sud 3.53.5 km (2.2 mi) Operated with minibuses
19 Canta-Gara-Podu Ro?-Frigorifer-CUG I 20.020.0 km (12.4 mi)
20 T?t?ra?i Sud-Tg.Cucu-Pia?a Independen?ei-P?curari-Carrefour Era-Metro 32.032.0 km (19.9 mi)
27 T?t?ra?i Nord-Baza 3-Frigorifer-CUG I-Tehnopolis-Ciurea 25.725.7 km (16.0 mi)
28 Dacia-Pia?a Alexandru-Podu Ro?-Tg.Cucu-Pia?a Independen?ei-Triumf 22.722.7 km (14.1 mi)
29 Tome?ti-?u?ora-Baza 3-Podu Ro? 19.619.6 km (12.2 mi)
30 Canta-Gara-Gara Nicolina-Bucium 21.921.9 km (13.6 mi)
30b Carrefour Era-Canta-Gara-Gara Nicolina-Bucium 27.927.9 km (17.3 mi)
36 Dacia-Gara-Pia?a Unirii-Pia?a Independen?ei-Copou-Breazu 22.922.9 km (14.2 mi)
41 Pia?a Independen?ei-Tg.Cucu-Podu Ro?-Tehnopolis-Ciurea 21.321.3 km (13.2 mi)
42 Copou-Pia?a Independen?ei-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-CUG I 22.222.2 km (13.8 mi)
43 P?curari-Pia?a Independen?ei-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-CUG I 23.923.9 km (14.9 mi)
43c Carrefour Era-P?curari-Pia?a Independen?ei-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-CUG I 29.229.2 km (18.1 mi)
44 Dacia-Alexandru cel Bun-Gara Nicolina-Frumoasa-CUG I-Tehnopolis-Ciurea 24.024.0 km (14.9 mi)
46 P?curari-Pia?a Independen?ei-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-Bucium 25.025.0 km (15.5 mi)
47 T?t?ra?i Sud-T.Vladimirescu-Podu Ro?-Gara Nicolina-Alexandru cel Bun-Dacia 21.521.5 km (13.4 mi)
48 Tg.Cucu-Cimitirul Sf. Petru ?i Pavel-Complex "Roua"-Ciric-T?t?ra?i Sud 8.58.5 km (5.3 mi) Route operates May to October
Operated with minibuses
49 Tg.Cucu-Cimitirul Sf. Petru ?i Pavel-Complex "Roua" 5.95.9 km (3.7 mi) Operated with minibuses
50 Express Gara-Pia?a Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Aeroport 15.515.5 km (9.6 mi) Scheduled correlated with
flight arrivals and departures
51 Tudor Vladimirescu-Podu Ro?-Gara Socola 11.311.3 km (7.0 mi)
52 Alexandru cel Bun-P?curari-Copou 13.013.0 km (8.1 mi)

Fares

The CTP fare system accepts tickets, transit passes and card payments (either direct or through a smartphone application). As of September 2019, adult cash fares are RON2.50 (EUR0.53) for 120 minutes inside 1st zone, RON3.50 (EUR0.74) inside 1st and 2nd zones, or RON2.00 (EUR0.42) for a single trip inside 1st zone when purchasing in sets of 20 trips each. Adult passes are available for 30-day all routes at RON80,00 (EUR16.89) inside 1st zone, RON30 (EUR6.33) inside 2nd zone, or RON110 (EUR23.22) for both zones. More options are available, including different types of discounts.[5]

Ticket vending machines are also available at some stations. In 2018, the payment options were modernized and paying through an app was made possible - by using a third-party application and scanning QR codes that are available in multiple points in the vehicles and on the side of ticket kiosks in most stations. After a few months, most vehicles have been equipped to also support contactless card payments.

Rolling stock

Historically, tram cars from different companies have been acquired. The current fleet operates with 126 trams.[6]

Current vehicles

ST10 tram in the new green-white-black color scheme
A replica of an AEG-type tram from 1900, built in 1998 for the tram system's centennial
Product list and details (date information from CTP Ia?i)
 Make/Model   Description   Fleet size   Year acquired   Year produced   Notes 
SSB GT4 articulated tram 106 1997-2012 1959-1965 Acquired 109 units from Stuttgarter Straßenbahnen, HAVAG, Stadtwerke Augsburg, Stadtwerke Nordhausen. 75 units modernised in 1988-1998. 2 units retired. 1 unit rebuilt as GT4M. CTP Ia?i is the largest operator of this model.
GT4M articulated tram 1 1997/2013 1962/2012 SSB GT4 rebuilt by Remar Pa?cani.[7][8]
GT8 (Type Mannheim) double-articulated tram 10 2010-2012 1976 Acquired from Stadtwerke Augsburg.
ST10 articulated tram 7 2007-2008 1976 Acquired from HEAG mobilo Darmstadt.
ST11 double-articulated tram 3 2007-2008 1982 Acquired from HEAG mobilo Darmstadt.
Be 8/8 double-articulated tram 14 2008-2010 1973 Acquired from Bernmobil Bern. All units modernised in 1987-1990.
M8C double-articulated tram 7 2017-2018 1989 Acquired from Ruhrbahn GmbH. Modernised in 2011-2014.
M6D articulated tram 8 2018 1984-1992 Acquired from MVG Mülheim. Modernised in 2011-2014.
Bozankaya five articulated sections tram 0 (16 ordered) 2021-2022 (planned) 2020-2022 Low-floor and wheelchair-accessible; ordered in November 2019.[9]

Retired vehicles

A preserved type ITB V58 tram from 1961
A type Tatra T4R tram from 1978
The only storaged metre-gauge ITB V2A tram in Romania
Former rolling stock (informations from CTP Ia?i)
 Make/Model   Description   Fleet size   Fleet numbers   Year acquired   Year produced   In service until   Notes 
AEG 2-axle tram 54 1-54 1900-? 1900-? ca. 1976 Original trams built by AEG, later (1929-1938) modernised and rebuilt within own enterprise; 2 trams preserved
ITB V58+V10 2-axle tram+trailer 56+66 50-105/50-115 1959-1969 1958-1969 1992 Romanian built by ITB Bucharest (nowadays, STB); 1 tram preserved
?KD Tatra T4R 4-axle tram 70 201-270 1978-1981 1978-1981 2009 1 tram preserved
Timi? 2 4-axle tram+trailer 47+47 301-347, 348 ex 301 (same number for both tram and trailer) 1981-1982 1981-1982 2003 Romanian built by Electrometal Timi?oara; 1 tram+trailer storaged awaiting for preservation, 4 trams converted into works cars
ex-V58+V10 2-axle tram+trailer 15+15 100-114 (same number for tram and trailer) 1991-1992

(rebuilds)

1958-1969 1998 Rebuilt by R.A.T.C Ia?i from old V58+V10 trams; none preserved
ITB V2A 6-axle articulated tram 25 350-374 1992-1997 1988-1992 2003 1 prototype (new); 24 trams acquired from Oradea Transport Local and CTP Cluj-Napoca, and modernised by Nicolina Works Ia?i; 1 tram storaged awaiting for preservation
?KD Tatra T4D 4-axle tram 27+2(B4D) 201II, 206II, 208II, 212II, 219II, 223II, 230II, 231II, 236II, 237II, 241II, 242II, 244II, 246II, 249II, 251II, 253II, 257II, 260II, 262II, 266II, 267II, 269II, 271-274 / 273-274 1997-2002 1968-1988 2009 Acquired from HAVAG; none preserved
ST7/ST8 6-axle articulated tram 16 101-116 1998 1961-1963 2009 Acquired from HEAG mobilo Darmstadt; 1 tram storaged awaiting for preservation
GT5 5-axle articulated tram 14 354-355, 357-358, 360, 362, 365-367, 369-373 2001 1964-1969 2010 Acquired from Stadtwerke Augsburg; 1 tram storaged awaiting for preservation
Be 4/4 + B4/B tram + wagon 9 2003-2004 1960-1961 2016 Acquired from Bernmobil Bern.

Bus fleet

As of January 2019, CTP Ia?i operates a fleet of 142 transit buses and 10 minibuses.[6]

Current fleet

ISUZU Citiport in Ia?i
MAN NL 313 on route 46
Order year Producer/Model Year produced Engine/Transmission Quantity/(Number Active) Notes
2013 Den Oudsten Alliance City B96 1998-2001 DAF GS200 M Euro II
ZF Ecomat
40
(40 active)
Ex-HTM Personenvervoer.
2016 MAN Lion's City NL 313 2005-2006 MAN Engines D2866 LUH 26 Euro III
ZF Ecomat
10
(10 active)
Ex-Postbus Austria (Vorarlberg), PostBus Switzerland, RLG Lippe, and VKU Unna.
2016 Euro Bus Diamond 2016 Mercedes-Benz OM936 Euro VI
ZF EcoLife
8
(8 active)
2016-2017 Isuzu Citiport 2016-2018 Cummins ISB6.7E6 280B Euro VI
ZF EcoLife
92
(92 active)
4 (local funds) from 2016 and another 88 from EBRD contract (delivered in 2017 and 2018).

Minibuses

Order year Producer/Model Year produced Engine/Transmission Quantity/(Number Active) Notes
2003 Iveco Daily 50C13 2003 Iveco Euro 3
Iveco manual transmission
50
(11 active)

Retired bus fleet

Scania bus on route 28
MAZ-103 bus on route 41
Make/Model Fleet size Acquired Retired Notes
Chevrolet 5 1929-1935
ZIS-155 1954
T.V. 2 U 1960 (?)
T.V. 20 U 1970 (?)
Karosa ?M 11
Ikarus IK-4
Ikarus 280
ROMAN 112U
DAC 117 UD
DAC 112 UDM 2006
Saviem SC10U 50 1994-1995 2005 Ex-RATP.
Ikarus 255/260/266
Ikarus 263
Renault R312 30 2007 2013 Ex-RATP.
Mercedes-Benz O405N2 9 2009 2013 Ex-CTSS San Sebastián.
Van Hool A500 32 2009-2010 2017 Ex-STIB.
Renault R312 2 2010 2013 Ex-CTS.
Berkhof Premier Jonckheer SB 250 20 2012 2017 Ex-Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf.
MAZ-103 50 2005 December 2017 Bought as new fleet in 2005-2006. Retired over the years. Last ones in December 2017.
Scania OmniCity CN230UB 16 2017 2018 Leased from a private operator.
Ex-Norgesbuss.

Retired trolleybus fleet

A type Rocar 217 E trolleybus from 1994
Make/Model Fleet size Fleet numbers Acquired Retired Notes
Roman 112 E 10 601-610 1985 1987 4 freight units ex-ITB Bucharest
6 passenger units ex-Constan?a
DAC 117 E 45 401-445 1985-1988 2006 Articulated trolleybuses, some converted later into shorter, 12m units
DAC/Rocar 217E 14 446-450, 401II-409II 1993 2006 Articulated trolleybuses, some converted later into shorter, 12m units
Rocar 212E/312E 12 501-512 1993-1997 2006
?koda 14Tr 12 601II-610II, 611-612 2001-2003 2006 Ex-Brno, Plze?

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "About CTP Ia?i". sctpiasi.ro.
  2. ^ a b Tot mai pu?ini ie?eni merg cu RATP-ul (in Romanian)
  3. ^ CTP - the new transport operator in Ia?i (in Romanian)
  4. ^ "Pantele din Ia?i pun probleme ofertan?ilor" (in Romanian). March 5, 2019.
  5. ^ CTP Ia?i fares
  6. ^ a b The CTP fleet (in Romanian)
  7. ^ GT4 von Remar Pascani modernisiert (in German)
  8. ^ GT4M Picture gallery at railfaneurope.net
  9. ^ Bozankaya wins order for 16 low-floor trams for Iasi

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

RATP_Ia%C8%99i
 



 



 
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