Quintus Julius Cordinus Gaius Rutilius Gallicus
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Quintus Julius Cordinus Gaius Rutilius Gallicus
Quintus Julius Cordinus Gaius Rutilius Gallicus
SPQR (laurier).svg
Consul of the Roman Republic

September 70 - October 70
Gaius Licinius Mucianus with Quintus Petillius Cerialis
Lucius Annius Bassus with Gaius Laecanius Bassus Caecina Paetus

March 85 - April 85
Domitian with Titus Aurelius Fulvus
Marcus Arrecinus Clemens with L. Baebius Honoratus
Personal details
BornUnknown
DiedUnknown
Spouse(s)Minicia L.f. Paetina
Military service
AllegianceRoman Military banner.svg Roman Empire
CommandsMilitary tribune of Legio XIII Gemina
Governor of Galatia.
Proconsular Governor of Africa
Governor of Germania Inferior
Urban prefect
Pontifex

Quintus Julius Cordinus Gaius Rutilius Gallicus was a Roman senator who held several posts in the emperor's service. He was twice suffect consul: for the first time in the nundinium September-October 70AD;[1] and the second time in 85 with Lucius Valerius Catullus Messalinus as his colleague, succeeding the Emperor Domitian.[2]

Gallicus was well thought of by both the emperors Claudius and Nero. He was an important supporter of Vespasian in his early period as emperor and was rewarded by being made consul only months after Vespasian's arrival in Rome. Gallicus held a series of further civic and military positions, including three governorships, pontifex and urban prefect of Rome.

Family

He was often referred to by the shorter name Gaius Rutilius Gallicus, which Olli Salomies notes was his name prior to his adoption; Gallicus was a member of the gens Rutilia from Augusta Taurinorum, the modern Turin. The general consensus is that the adoptive element is Quintus Julius Cordius, and when his full name was used "Gaius" was frequently dropped. Although a Quintus Julius Cordius was the suffect consul of 71, Salomies doubts he was the adoptive father, although "no doubt closely related" to him.[3]

Gallicus was married and his wife's name is known from an inscription found in Augusta Tauricorum: Minicia L.f. Paetina.[4]

Biography

Offices under the Julio-Claudians

Gallicus' first known post was as military tribune of Legio XIII Gemina, which he is attested as holding in 52.[5] This was followed by the Republican magistracies of quaestor and curule aedile. He then served again in the military as the legatus, or commander, of Legio XV Apollinaris during the reign of the emperor Claudius. During Gallicus' term as legatus the legion was stationed in Pannonia.[6] Following this he was assigned to govern the province of Galatia in central Anatolia.[5] In 68 Gallicus was co-opted into the sodales Augustales, the collegia of priests.[7] This role was important to the Julio-Claudian dynasty, and the appointment is a clear indication that Gallicus was favored by the emperor Nero.[7]

Offices under the Flavians

In addition to being favored by Nero, he was also well regarded by Vespasian. Gallicus was appointed consul by Vespasian very shortly after his arrival in Rome as a new emperor. The consulship was considered the highest honour the Roman state could bestow, and Vespasian would have made such appointments carefully, to reward loyalty and to consolidate support. Gallicus would have served alongside a fellow consul, but who this was is not recorded. During Vespasian's reign Gallicus was admitted to the College of Pontiffs, again a sign of the Emperor's high esteem.[8]

He was Proconsular Governor of Africa in 73/74.[9] Although being proconsul of Africa or Asia was considered a senator's highest and usually final step in imperial service, Gallicus is known to have been Governor of Germania Inferior from 76 to 78.[10] He was appointed consul for a second time seven years later by the emperor Domitian, serving with Lucius Valerius Catullus Messalinus. Gallicus' final office was urban prefect of Rome, which he held around 91.[11]

Death

Statius dedicated a poem to him (Silvae, 1.4), celebrating his recovery from illness. His recovery proved short-lived, as Statius notes Gallicus died from that same illness in the preface to the first book of Silvae, published not long after Gallicus' death.

References

  1. ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for A. D. 70-96", Classical Quarterly, 31 (1981), pp. 200, 213
  2. ^ Gallivan, "The Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 190, 216
  3. ^ Salomies, Adoptive and polyonymous nomenclature in the Roman Empire, (Helsinski: Societas Scientiarum Fenica, 1992), pp. 116f and note
  4. ^ CIL V, 6990
  5. ^ a b AE 1998, 128
  6. ^ CIL III, 4591
  7. ^ a b CIL VI, 1984
  8. ^ CIL VIII, 25967
  9. ^ Werner Eck, "Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 bis 138/139", Chiron 12 (1982), p. 293
  10. ^ Eck, "Jahres- und Provinzialfasten", pp. 297-300
  11. ^ Champlin, Edward (1986). "Miscellanea Testamentaria". Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 62: 248. JSTOR 20186337.

Further reading

  • John Henderson, A Roman life: Rutilius Gallus on paper and in stone. (Exeter Studies in History), (Exeter: University Press, 1998).
Political offices
Preceded by
Gaius Licinius Mucianus II,
and Quintus Petillius Cerialis

as Suffect consuls
Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
70
with ignotus
Succeeded by
Lucius Annius Bassus, and
Gaius Laecanius Bassus Caecina Paetus

as Suffect consuls
Preceded by
Domitian XI,
and Titus Aurelius Fulvus

as Ordinary consuls
Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
85
with Lucius Valerius Catullus Messalinus II
Succeeded by
Marcus Arrecinus Clemens II,
and Lucius Baebius Honoratus

as Suffect consuls

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