Puran Devi Temple, Purnia
Location of Purnia district in Bihar
|Established||14 February 1770|
|Tehsils||Purnia East, Kasba, Krityanand Nagar, Srinagar, Jalalgarh, Dagarua, Baisi, Amour, Baisa, Banmankhi, Dhamdaha, Bhawanipur, Barhara Kothi, Rupauli|
|o District Magistrate||Mr. Rahul Kumar|
|o Lok Sabha constituencies||Purnia, Katihar and Kishanganj|
|o Vidhan Sabha constituencies||Amour, Baisi, Kasba, Banmankhi, Rupauli, Dhamdaha, Purnia,|
|o Total||3,229 km2 (1,247 sq mi)|
|o Density||1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
|o Literacy||52.09 per cent|
|o Sex ratio||921|
|o Major ethnolinguistic group||Maithils|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||, , ,|
|Major Railway Lines||Katihar-Jogbani Branch Line, Khagaria-Saharsa-Purnea Loop Section, Banmankhi-Bihariganj Branch Line|
Purnia district is one of the thirty-eight districts of the Indian state of Bihar. The city of Purnia is the administrative headquarters of this district. The city of Purnia has continued its tradition of hoisting the national flag at 12.01 am on every Independence Day since 1947. Purnia district is a part of Purnia Division. The district extends northwards from the Ganges river. Purnia is the unofficial capital of Seemanchal due to its financial and educational importance.
Purnia is part of the Mithila region. Mithila first gained prominence after it was settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas). During the late Vedic period (c. 1100-500 BCE), Videha became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañc?la. The kings of the Videha Kingdom were called Janakas. The Videha Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila. During the Mughal rule, Purnia was an outlying military province, and its revenue was mostly spent on protecting its borders against tribes from the north and east. After the capture of Calcutta in 1757, Purnia's local governor raised a rebellion against Siraj ud-Daulah. In 1765, the district became a British possession, along with the rest of Bengal. On February 14, 1770 the district of Purnia in modern history was formed by the East India Company.
Purnia is known for its uniquely designed organization, Ramakrishna Mission, where the festival called Durga Puja is celebrated in October. Another attraction in the city of Purnia is the oldest temple of Mata Puran Devi which is 5 km away from the main city. It is theorized that Purnia received its name from this temple. Other theories also describe how Purnia received its name; which is, that in the past Purnia was named Purna– Aranya, which stands for "complete jungle."
Purnia district occupies 3,229 square kilometres (1,247 sq mi), comparable to the Solomon Islands' Makira Island. It is a depressed tract, consisting for the most part of a rich, loamy alluvial soil. It is traversed by several rivers flowing from the Himalayas, which afford great advantages of irrigation and water-carriage. Its major rivers are the Kosi, the Mahananda, the Suwara Kali and the Koli. In the west, the soil is thickly covered with sand deposited by changes in the course of the Kosi. Among other rivers are the Mahananda and the Panar. Its major agricultural products are jute and banana.
Agricultural products in Purnia include paddy, maize, pulses, wheat and oilseeds. Roughly one-third of the area sown is under rice (paddy); cash crops such as vegetables and water-melons are present.
A commercial complex called D. N. Roy Market (Aabha Complex) is setting up at Line Bazar.
Purnia district has four subdivisions: Purnea Sadar, Banmankhi, Baisi and Dhamdaha. They are further divided into fourteen blocks: Purnea East, Krityanand Nagar, Banmankhi, Kasba, Amaur, Baisi, Baisa, Dhamdaha, Barhara Kothi, Rupauli, Bhawanipur, Dagarua, Jalalgarh and Srinagar. These contain 246 panchayats with 1,450 villages.
According to the 2011 census Purnia district has a population of 3,673,127, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritania or the US state of Iowa. This gives it a ranking of 105th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,014 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,630/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.66%. Purnia has a sex ratio of 930 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 51.23%.
People from all religions live together there in peace and Harmony. The district is dominated by the Hindu community which consists of 61%, Muslim 38% and others 1%.
The city has the Darghah of Hazrat Mustafa Jamalul Haque Bandagi, Chimni Bazar. An "Urs" in the form of Mela ( village fair) is organized on the 7th day after Eid-Ul-Azha and continues up to 3 days every year. The 'Dargah and Khanquah Alia Mustafia' is located 7 km away from the main city. It is famous for spirituality, communal harmony and Sufism. Its history extends for 400 years, when Hazrat Bandagi came from Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh visiting several Khanqahs and Dargahs across India such as the Pandawa Sharif, the Bihar Sharif, etc. The Darghah is playing a major role to spread culture, education, kindness, secularism and spiritual spirits in Northeast Bihar since its establishment. Deorhi at Garbanili (Purnea) hosts the ruins of Kala Bhawan the ancient Darbar (Palace) of Raja Kalanand Singh, where his successor still lives.
Mauritania 3,681,634 July 2011 est.
List of Freedom Fighters of Purnea District
1. Shri Jibatsh Sharma 'Himanshu' native of Kajha Village, Block Krityanand Nagar, District Purnea