Provisional Government of Israel
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Provisional Government of Israel
Provisional Cabinet of Israel
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Cabinet of Israel
Ben Gurion 1959.jpg
Date formed14 May 1948 (1948-05-14)
Date dissolved10 March 1949 (1949-03-10)
People and organisations
Head of governmentDavid Ben-Gurion
Member partiesMapai
Mapam
Hapoel HaMizrachi
New Aliyah Party
Progressive Party
Sephardim and Oriental Communities
Mizrachi
General Zionists
Agudat Yisrael
Status in legislatureCoalition
History
Successor1st Cabinet of Israel
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politics and government of
Israel
Flag of Israel.svg Israel portal

The provisional government of Israel (Hebrew ‎, translit. HaMemshela HaZmanit) was the temporary cabinet which governed the Jewish community in Mandatory Palestine, and later the newly established State of Israel, until the formation of the first government in March 1949 following the first Knesset elections in January that year.

With the British Mandate of Palestine scheduled to come to an end on 15 May 1948, the governing body of the Jewish community, the Jewish National Council (JNC), on 2 March 1948 began work on organization of a Jewish provisional government.[1] On 12 April 1948 it formed the Minhelet HaAm (Hebrew ‎, lit. People's Administration), all of its members being drawn from Moetzet HaAm (People's Council), the temporary legislative body set up at the same time. The departmental structure of the JNC served as a basis for the interim government ministries.

On 12 May, Minhelet HaAm convened to vote on whether to declare independence. Three of the thirteen members were missing, with Yehuda Leib Maimon and Yitzhak Gruenbaum being stuck in Jerusalem, whilst Yitzhak-Meir Levin was in the United States. The meeting started at 1:45 in the afternoon and ended after midnight. The decision was between accepting the American proposal for a truce, or declaring independence. The latter option was put to a vote, with six of the ten members present supporting it:

On 14 May, the day Israel declared independence, Minhelet HaAm became the Provisional government, whilst Moetzet HaAm became the Provisional State Council. The Provisional government was promptly recognised by the United States as the de facto authority of Israel,[2][3] followed by Iran (which had voted against the UN partition plan), Guatemala, Iceland, Nicaragua, Romania, and Uruguay. The Soviet Union granted official recognition to Israel on 17 May 1948,[4] followed by Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Ireland, and South Africa.[] The United States extended de jure recognition after the first Israeli election,[5] on 31 January 1949.[6]

References

  1. ^ Nanette Dobrosky (1987). "Palestine Israel US State Department Records". University Publications of America. p. 37. Archived from the original on April 4, 2013. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ End of Palestine mandate, The Times, 15 May 1948
  3. ^ Harry S. Truman Library and Museum. "The Recognition of the State of Israel". Retrieved 2011.
  4. ^ Hashim S. H. Behbehani (1986). The Soviet Union and Arab nationalism, 1917-1966. Routledge. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-7103-0213-7.
  5. ^ Press Release, 31 January 1949. Official File, Truman Papers Truman Library
  6. ^ The Recognition of the State of Israel: Introduction Truman Library

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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